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Biology Reference Libraries

Page 2 of about 1492 Articles
Galway Sheep
2014-09-30 09:49:31

The Galway sheep is a breed of domestic sheep that originated in Galway in western Ireland during the seventeenth century. It was developed after English Longwools were brought to the area, followed by the improved Leicester, which resulted in an early form of the breed known as the Roscommon. Both this type and the modern Galway breed highly resembled the improved Leicester. When the Roscommon...

English Leicester
2014-09-26 10:19:08

The English Leicester, known by many other names including the Leicester, the improved Leicester, and the Leicester longwool, is a breed of domestic sheep that was developed in England during the eighteenth century by Robert Bakewell. It was one of the first purebred sheep breeds to be introduced into Australia and is one of a few remaining pure sheep breeds. Today, it can be found in many...

East Friesian Sheep
2014-09-26 10:01:06

The East Friesian sheep is a breed of domestic sheep that originated from East Frisia in Germany. Traditionally, this breed was kept in small groups by households to be used for the production of milk and today the breed does not do well in large numbers. It has a pink nose and pale hooves, but its best known physical feature is the tail, which is thin and hairless like a rat’s tail. The head...

Dorpor
2014-09-25 08:56:51

The Dorpor is a breed of domestic sheep that was developed in South Africa during the 1930’s by crossbreeding the Blackhead Persian sheep and the Dorset Horn sheep for the purpose of creating a sheep that could produce meat in arid areas of the region. Today, the breed can be found throughout South Africa and in other areas including Australia. The Dorper Sheep Breeders Society of South...

Cotswold Sheep
2014-09-25 08:43:41

The Cotswold sheep is a breed of domestic sheep that originated from and was named after the Cotswold Hills in England. Some experts assert that this breed was present in this area of England when the Romans arrived sometime around 54 B.C., during which time legend says they discovered sheepcotes along the hills. Later, the area was supposedly given the Anglo-Saxon name of Cottes-wealds, which...

Boreray
2014-09-22 13:15:04

The Boreay, also known as the Hebridean blackface or the Boreray blackface, is a breed of domestic sheep that originated on the islands of the St Kilda archipelago off the coast of Scotland. Today it survives as a feral breed on the island of Boreay and is the last of the crofter’s sheep that were developed on the islands during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, which were removed from...

Biellese
2014-09-22 08:57:07

The Biellese, also known as the Piemontese Alpina or the Razza d'Ivrea, is a breed of domestic sheep that originated in northwestern Italy in the province of Biella, the area from which it received its name. The origin if this breed is unknown, although it was considered to be a subtype of the Bergamasca breed by some. It is included with sixteen other breeds of autochthonous sheep that are...

Awassi Sheep
2014-09-17 10:42:28

The Awassi sheep is a breed of domestic sheep that originated in the Syro-Arabian desert. Today, it can be found in many areas including Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Palestine, and Lebanon and it is the most common sheep throughout the Arab countries. This breed is a natural choice to keep in these areas, as it is able to survive in harsh conditions and is able to efficiently provide...

Natterjack Toad Epidalea calamita
2014-09-16 16:07:34

The natterjack toad, Epidalea Calamita, formerly Bufo calamita, is a toad endemic to sandy and heathland areas of Europe. The adults are about 60 to 70 millimeters long and are set apart from common toads by a yellow colored line that runs down the middle of the back. They have fairly short legs, and this provides them with a characteristic step, compared to the hopping movement of many other...

Ancon Sheep
2014-09-16 09:59:30

The Ancon sheep, also known as the otter sheep or Ancon, is a group of domestic sheep that were developed from a single lamb in Massachusetts in 1791. Although the name “Ancon” was given to this breed, it has also been used to refer to similar breeds including stock from Texas established in 1962 and Norwegian stock that was established in 1919. The phenotype that causes the mutations that...

Word of the Day
reremouse
  • A bat.
The word 'reremouse' comes from Middle English reremous, from Old English hrēremūs, hrērmūs ("bat"), equivalent to rear (“to move, shake, stir”) +‎ mouse.
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