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Biota Reference Libraries

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Natterjack Toad Epidalea calamita
2014-09-16 16:07:34

The natterjack toad, Epidalea Calamita, formerly Bufo calamita, is a toad endemic to sandy and heathland areas of Europe. The adults are about 60 to 70 millimeters long and are set apart from common toads by a yellow colored line that runs down the middle of the back. They have fairly short legs, and this provides them with a characteristic step, compared to the hopping movement of many other...

Montezuma Pine Pinus montezumae
2014-07-15 13:27:17

Montezuma pine (Pinus montezumae) is native to Mexico and Central America and grows in the mountain ranges. This tree is known as ocote by the locals of Mexico. This tree has been planted successfully at mid altitudes in South Africa and Queensland, Australia, and at high altitudes in Kenya, Malawi, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Bolivia. Trees planted in New Zealand and New South Wales, Australia...

Macedonian Pine Pinus peuce
2014-07-15 13:08:24

Macedonian Pine (Pinus peuce) is native to Macedonia, Bulgaria, Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo, southwest Serbia, as well as the extreme north of Greece. This pine has been neutralized and grows in Eastern Finland. This pine grows best at altitudes between 3,281feet and 7,218 feet with a few growing as low as 1,969 feet and as high as 7,546 feet. This pine tolerates shade as well as extreme...

Japanese White Pine Pinus parviflora
2014-07-15 12:15:14

Japanese White Pine (Pinus parviflora) is native to Japan and found growing in Kokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikaku; and South Korea, and Utsurio-To. The Japanese call it the Japanese five-needle pine. The Japanese White Pine grows from sea level up to 8,202 feet, but grows best between 3,281 feet and 4,921 feet. Dwarfism sets in when the trees grow above sub-alpine levels. This pine grows on...

Chinese White Pine Pinus armandii
2014-07-14 16:49:23

Chinese White Pine (Pinus armandii) is native to China as well as northern Burma. This pine is known as Mount Hua pine in Chinese. This pine grows at altitudes between 3,281 and 10,830 feet in light sandy to medium soils that is acidic and well-drained as this tree can tolerate drought. This tree grows to heights of 115 feet with a trunk diameter that measures 3 feet 3 inches. The bark is...

Ocote Pine Pinus oocarpa
2014-05-16 09:55:29

Ocote pine (Pinus oocarpa) is native to Mexico and Central America. This tree is also known as the Mexican yellow pine, hazelnut pine, pino Amarillo, and pino avellano. This pine is closely related to the pinus greggii and pinus patula. This pine grows at altitudes of 3000-7000 feet above sea level while in El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua it grows at lower altitudes of 2600 feet. In poor...

Michoacan Pine Pinus devoniana
2014-04-27 08:19:00

Michoacan Pine (Pinus devoniana) is found in Mexico from S. Sinaloa to Chiapas and Guatemala in the montane forest, which is one level below the subalpine zone found around the globe.  The temperature within the montane is between 43 and 54 degrees Fahrenheit. The location of the Michoacan pine will change with the climate change and grow in the warmer regions. Michoacan pine grows at...

Sumatran Pine pinus merkusii
2014-04-17 13:47:45

Sumatran pine (pinus merkusii) is an evergreen native to Southeast Asia, primarily in Indonesia and in the mountains of northern Sumatra. Stands of Sumatran pine can also be found in Mount Kerinci and Mount Talang in central Sumatra, on Mindoro in the Philippines, and in western Luzon in the Zambales mountains. The Sumatra pine is the only species of the Pinaceae family growing south of the...

Basuto Pony
2014-04-10 09:46:37

The Basuto Pony  is a breed from South Africa improved from the bloodline of Arabian and Persian horses. In 1653, four horses were imported to South Africa from the Dutch East India Trading Company. The exact breed of them is unknown, but may have been either Arabian or Persian. The original horse became the Cape Horse which could possibly also be the Basuto, but with the cross breeding of...

Austrian Pine Pinus nigra
2014-02-26 10:11:45

Austrian pine (Pinus nigra), also known as the European Black Pine, grows in southern Mediterranean Europe from Spain to the Crimea, in Asia Minor and on Corsica/Cyprus. This pine can also be found in North Africa in the high mountains. The Austrian pine grows from sea level up to 6,600 feet and is most prevalent at the 820 – 5,200 foot level. This tree is considered to be an invasive species...

Word of the Day
bretelles
  • In dressmaking, straps running from the belt in front over the shoulders to the belt in the back, with more or less elaboration of trimming and outline. They usually broaden at the shoulder and narrow toward the waist.
The word 'bretelles' comes from a French word meaning 'braces'.