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Last updated on April 19, 2014 at 21:20 EDT

Biota Reference Libraries

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Massons Pine Pinus massoniana
2013-10-08 09:49:10

Masson's pine (Pinus massoniana) also known as the Chinese red pine and horsetail pine is native to central and southern China from the plains to the mountains. Masson's pine grows at sea level up to 4,921 feet but occasionally as high as 6,562 feet. This pine grows best in high light and high humidity in well-drained soil. This pine grows on busy hills, growing fast in the early stages,...

Striped Polecat Ictonyx striatus
2012-11-16 13:48:55

The striped polecat (Ictonyx striatus), also known as the zoril, zorilla, zorille, or the African polecat, is a member of the weasel family. It can be found in sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa, and the Congo Basin. It prefers a habitat within open areas and savannahs. This species resembles a skunk, and even releases a foul odor when threatened by predators. It is black in color with four white...

Wild Water Buffalo Bubalus arnee
2012-08-16 09:49:56

The wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) is a member of the Bovidae family that is native to Southeast Asia. It is also known as the Asiatic buffalo and the Asian buffalo. Its range includes Nepal, India, Cambodia, and Thailand and once included other areas like Laos and Pakistan, but populations there have gone extinct. In India, populations are mainly restricted to protected areas including...

Pronghorn Antilocapra americana
2012-08-08 13:17:28

The pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is native to the central areas of North America, where it is also known as the prong buck, or pronghorn antelope and antelope, although it only resembles true antelopes. The pronghorn is the only remaining species in the Antilocapridae family, which once held five other species. Its range stretches throughout the United States, and starts in Alberta and...

Franklins Ground Squirrel Poliocitellus franklinii
2012-07-27 11:27:11

Franklin’s ground squirrel (Poliocitellus franklinii) is native to the northern area of the United States and Canada, inhabiting tall grasses on the American prairie. Joseph Sabine who named it after Sir John Franklin, a British Arctic explorer, first described this squirrel in 1822. Previously, it was classified in the Spermophilus genus, within its own subgenus. However, genetic testing...

Coquerels Sifaka Propithecus coquereli
2012-06-05 10:29:37

Coquerel's sifaka (Propithecus coquereli) is native only to the island of Madagascar. It can only be found in habitats that are at an altitude of less than 300 feet in arid deciduous forests. These areas include coastal forests and it mainly resides east and north of the Betsiboka River. Its range extends south to Ambato-Boéni. As is typical with all lemurs, Coquerel's sifaka is a tree...

Silky Sifaka Propithecus candidus
2012-06-05 10:11:49

The silky sifaka (Propithecus candidus), also known as silky simpona, is a large lemur that is native only to the island of Madagascar. This lemur is one of the rarest creatures on earth, because it is so endangered and because of its small range. It is one of only nine sifaka species of lemur, and was previously thought to have been a subspecies of the diademed sifaka until 2007. Its range...

White Tailed Prairie Dog Cynomys leucurus
2012-04-23 07:58:25

The white tailed prairie dog (Cynomys leucurus) is located in western Colorado, western Wyoming, and in small areas in southern Montana and eastern Utah.  In Wyoming, where the largest populations are located, they are colloquially called “chiselers”. The white tailed prairie dog is tannish brown in color, with a white tipped tail and large eyes. Above and below each eye is a dark cheek...

Christmas Shearwater Puffinus nativitatis
2012-04-03 13:55:30

The Christmas Shearwater, (Puffinus nativitatis), is a species of bird found throughout the tropical Central Pacific islands, including the Hawaiian Islands, Tuamotu, the Marshall Islands, Kiritimati and Sala-y-Gómez. It has become locally extinct on a number of islands within its range. During the non-breeding seasons it extends across the Pacific, with some records reaching Mexico and...

Cape Shoveler Anas smithii
2012-04-02 15:05:15

The Cape Shoveler, (Anas smithii), is a species of dabbling duck native to South Africa. It is also commonly found further north in Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, southern Angola, Lesotho, Mozambique, and Zambia. Its habitats are open wetlands such as grassland or marshes with some emergent vegetation. This bird is non-migratory, but does have some seasonal movements. The birds binomial (species)...