Latest Bose–Einstein condensate Stories

Quantum Inverted Pendulum
2013-08-28 08:18:43

Georgia Institute of Technology A simple pendulum has two equilibrium points: hanging in the "down" position and perfectly inverted in the "up" position. While the "down" position is a stable equilibrium, the inverted position is definitely not stable. Any infinitesimal deviation from perfectly inverted is enough to cause the pendulum to eventually swing down. It has been known for more than 100 years, though, that an inverted pendulum can be stabilized by vibrating the pivot point....

Researchers Discover Atomic Clock Can Simulate Quantum Magnetism
2013-08-09 11:33:49

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Researchers at JILA have for the first time used an atomic clock as a quantum simulator, mimicking the behavior of a different, more complex quantum system. Atomic clocks now join a growing list of physical systems that can be used for modeling and perhaps eventually explaining the quantum mechanical behavior of exotic materials such as high-temperature superconductors, which conduct electricity without resistance. All but the...

2013-08-02 23:21:40

A first for the Boulder based company: training physicists to create Bose Einstein Condensates in four days. Boulder, Colorado (PRWEB) August 02, 2013 Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein in 1924 first predicted and described the quantum behavior of atoms when cooled to temperatures very close to Absolute Zero (-273.15C or -459.67F). Advances In laser cooling techniques (for which Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Stephen Chu and Bill Phillips won a 1997 Nobel Prize) allowed Eric Cornell and...

2013-06-27 23:53:07

Groundbreaking BEC Experiments on Space Station Boulder, Colorado (PRWEB) June 26, 2013 Bose-Einstein condensates will be produced in space using a system developed and manufactured in Boulder, Colorado. ColdQuanta has already supplied the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) with elements of its physics package destined to create Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) in the Cold Atom Lab on the International Space Station (ISS). At the heart of the system, which simplifies and expedites the...

Second Sound Observed In A Quantum Gas
2013-05-16 08:27:02

University of Innsbruck Below a critical temperature, certain fluids become superfluid and lose internal friction. In addition, fluids in this state conduct heat extremely efficiently, with energy transport occurring in a distinct temperature wave. Because of the similarities to a sound wave, this temperature wave is also called second sound. To explain the nature of superfluids, the famous physicist Lev Landau developed the theory of two-fluid hydrodynamics in Moscow in 1941. He assumed...

Quantum-Memory In Atoms
2013-02-28 14:32:19

Vienna University of Technology Order tends towards disorder. This is also true for quantum states. Measurements at the Vienna University of Technology show that in quantum mechanics this transition can be quite different from what we experience in our daily lives. Ice cubes in a cocktail glass melt until an equilibrium state is reached in which the ice cubes are gone. After that, the geometric shape of the ice cubes is completely lost. The liquid does not contain any memory of their...

Quantum Computing And Mechanics See Two Breakthroughs
2012-09-20 13:22:33

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two new studies, both published in Nature this week, outline incredible breakthroughs in the field of quantum mechanics. Australian engineers led an international team of researchers to create the first working quantum bit based on a single atom in silicon, potentially making another important step toward ultra-powerful quantum computing that theoreticians have dreamt of for decades. The team describes how they were able to read...

2012-05-24 21:01:08

Excitons form Bose-Einstein condensate Physicists have trapped and cooled exotic particles called excitons so effectively that they condensed and cohered to form a giant matter wave. This feat will allow scientists to better study the physical properties of excitons, which exist only fleetingly yet offer promising applications as diverse as efficient harvesting of solar energy and ultrafast computing. "The realization of the exciton condensate in a trap opens the opportunity to study...

One More Victory Scored Over Uncertainty In Quantum Physics Measurements
2012-02-27 05:56:47

Squeezing what hasn't been squeezed before Most people attempt to reduce the little uncertainties of life by carrying umbrellas on cloudy days, purchasing automobile insurance or hiring inspectors to evaluate homes they might consider purchasing. For scientists, reducing uncertainty is a no less important goal, though in the weird realm of quantum physics, the term has a more specific meaning. For scientists working in quantum physics, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle says that...

2011-12-22 15:22:20

Physicists at Harvard University have realized a new way to cool synthetic materials by employing a quantum algorithm to remove excess energy. The research, published this week in the journal Nature, is the first application of such an "algorithmic cooling" technique to ultra-cold atomic gases, opening new possibilities from materials science to quantum computation. "Ultracold atoms are the coldest objects in the known universe," explains senior author Markus Greiner, associate professor...

Word of the Day
  • A Roman unit of weight, 1⁄1728 of a pound.
  • A weight of four grains used in weighing gold and precious stones; a carat.
  • In anatomy, a formation suggesting a husk or pod.
  • The lowest unit in the Roman coinage, the twenty-fourth part of a solidus.
  • A coin of base silver of the Gothic and Lombard kings of Italy.
'Siliqua' comes from a Latin word meaning 'a pod.'