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Botany Reference Libraries

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Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris
2014-04-14 10:50:20

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is the only native pine to Europe and Asia and was introduced in New Zealand and the colder climates of North America. The Scots pine grows at sea level to 3281 feet in the northern regions and 3937-8530 feet in the south. The Scots pine grows to heights of 114 feet with a trunk that is just over three feet through. The bark is thick and dark grey-brown on the...

Austrian Pine Pinus nigra
2014-02-26 10:11:45

Austrian pine (Pinus nigra), also known as the European Black Pine, grows in southern Mediterranean Europe from Spain to the Crimea, in Asia Minor and on Corsica/Cyprus. This pine can also be found in North Africa in the high mountains. The Austrian pine grows from sea level up to 6,600 feet and is most prevalent at the 820 – 5,200 foot level. This tree is considered to be an invasive species...

Mountain Pine Pinus mugo
2014-02-26 09:53:40

Mountain pine (Pinus mugo) is found in the mountains of Central Europe. The mountain pine is a short, stubby, slow growing tree. The mountain pine can be found in the Alps, northern Apennines and the Balkan Peninsula mountains. The pine grows at altitudes of 3,281-7,218 feet. The mountain pine may also be found growing at 656 feet in Germany and Poland and as high as 8,858 feet in Bulgaria and...

Maritime Pine Pinus pinaster
2014-02-26 09:31:07

Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) grows naturally in the western and southwestern Mediterranean region primarily Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. The Maritime pine can also be found in Portugal and Spain, southern and western France, and Italy with smaller stands in Algeria and Malta. This pine is considered to be an invasive species in South Africa. The Maritime pine grows from sea level to...

Canary Island Pine Pinus canariensis
2014-02-21 15:37:43

Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis) is an evergreen that is native to the outer Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. This pine is heat resistant, fire resistant, and does not tolerate hard frosts; therefore, this pine only grows in the subtropics. This pine also tolerates the extreme differences in rainfall ranging from less than 7.87 inches per year to several thousand inches per year. The...

Bosnian Pine Pinus heldreichii
2014-02-21 15:23:20

Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii) can be found in the mountains of Bosnia, Albania, northern Greece, and in southern Italy. The Bosnian pine is native to the Balkan Mountains. The Bosnian pine is a hard pine and grows in altitudes of 3,000-8,200 feet. This tree grows to heights of 82-115 feet with a trunk that measures 6 feet 7 inches in diameter. The needles grow in bundles of two and measure...

Aleppo Pine Pinus halepensis
2014-02-21 15:01:32

Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) is an evergreen that is native to the Mediterranean, specifically from Morocco and Spain, north to southern France, Italy, and Croatia. The Aleppo pine can also be found in Greece, Malta, northern Tunisia, and Libya. This same tree is called the Jerusalem Pine in Israel. The Aleppo pine grows from sea level to 660 feet. In southern Spain the tree can grow at...

Custurd Apple Annona squamosa
2014-02-15 09:31:56

Annona squamosa is a large shrub/small tree speices. The plant belongs to the Annonaceae family. A. squamosa is one of the most widely cultivated plants in the family. Annona squamosa plants may grow anywhere from 9 to 26 feet tall, its tree or shrub classification is dependent on the plants size in height. It has many branches that may be broad, open crown or spreading. The species produces...

Black Pepper Piper nigrum
2014-02-15 08:34:58

Piper nigrum is a flowering vine species. The plant may also be commonly referred to as Black Pepper. The species belongs to the Piperaceae family. It is indigenous to south India; however the plant is widely cultivated worldwide. The fruit, often referred to as its drupe, is sought after and dried. The spice or seasoning is used as the common, table black pepper. To date, Vietnam produces the...

Boldo Peumus boldus
2014-02-15 08:05:25

Peumus boldus is a tree in the Monimiaceae family. It is the only species in the genus Peumus. It is commonly referred to as Boldo. P. boldus has green leaves with a strong woody and slightly bitter flavor. They are used in Latin America for culinary purposes. Although not widely known, the species’ small green fruits are nutritious and apparently have a pleasant flavor. Its flavor comes...

Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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