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Botany Reference Libraries

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Gray Pine Pinus sabiniana
2014-04-22 11:07:33

Gray pine (Pinus sabiniana) is prevalent throughout California in the United States. The tree is also known as the Digger pine, California foothill pine, ghost pine, bull pine, and nut pine. The Gray pine grows from sea level to 4,000 feet above sea level. This pine likes 15-25 inches of rain per year and grows best in rocky, well-drained soils. This pine is a short pine growing to heights...

Tenasserim Pine Pinus latteri
2014-04-18 08:32:01

Tenasserim pine (Pinus latteri) is an evergreen that is native to Mainland Southeast Asia. This tree grows in the mountains of southeastern Burma, northern Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam as well as on the island of Hainan in China. This tree was named after the Tenasserim Hills located between Myanmar and Thailand. The Tenasserim pine generally grows at altitudes of 1312-3281 feet...

Sumatran Pine pinus merkusii
2014-04-17 13:47:45

Sumatran pine (pinus merkusii) is an evergreen native to Southeast Asia, primarily in Indonesia and in the mountains of northern Sumatra. Stands of Sumatran pine can also be found in Mount Kerinci and Mount Talang in central Sumatra, on Mindoro in the Philippines, and in western Luzon in the Zambales mountains. The Sumatra pine is the only species of the Pinaceae family growing south of the...

Spruce Pine Pinus glabra
2014-04-17 13:33:21

Spruce pine (Pinus glabra) grows along the coastline of the southern United States, from South Carolina to Florida and west to Louisiana. The Spruce pine rarely grows in pure stands, most often it is found inter dispersed among mixed hardwoods. This pine grows best in damp acidic soil, swamp to river, as well as in shady areas. The pine grows best in the hot and humid weather found in the...

Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris
2014-04-14 10:50:20

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is the only native pine to Europe and Asia and was introduced in New Zealand and the colder climates of North America. The Scots pine grows at sea level to 3281 feet in the northern regions and 3937-8530 feet in the south. The Scots pine grows to heights of 114 feet with a trunk that is just over three feet through. The bark is thick and dark grey-brown on the...

Austrian Pine Pinus nigra
2014-02-26 10:11:45

Austrian pine (Pinus nigra), also known as the European Black Pine, grows in southern Mediterranean Europe from Spain to the Crimea, in Asia Minor and on Corsica/Cyprus. This pine can also be found in North Africa in the high mountains. The Austrian pine grows from sea level up to 6,600 feet and is most prevalent at the 820 – 5,200 foot level. This tree is considered to be an invasive species...

Mountain Pine Pinus mugo
2014-02-26 09:53:40

Mountain pine (Pinus mugo) is found in the mountains of Central Europe. The mountain pine is a short, stubby, slow growing tree. The mountain pine can be found in the Alps, northern Apennines and the Balkan Peninsula mountains. The pine grows at altitudes of 3,281-7,218 feet. The mountain pine may also be found growing at 656 feet in Germany and Poland and as high as 8,858 feet in Bulgaria and...

Maritime Pine Pinus pinaster
2014-02-26 09:31:07

Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) grows naturally in the western and southwestern Mediterranean region primarily Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. The Maritime pine can also be found in Portugal and Spain, southern and western France, and Italy with smaller stands in Algeria and Malta. This pine is considered to be an invasive species in South Africa. The Maritime pine grows from sea level to...

Canary Island Pine Pinus canariensis
2014-02-21 15:37:43

Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis) is an evergreen that is native to the outer Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. This pine is heat resistant, fire resistant, and does not tolerate hard frosts; therefore, this pine only grows in the subtropics. This pine also tolerates the extreme differences in rainfall ranging from less than 7.87 inches per year to several thousand inches per year. The...

Bosnian Pine Pinus heldreichii
2014-02-21 15:23:20

Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii) can be found in the mountains of Bosnia, Albania, northern Greece, and in southern Italy. The Bosnian pine is native to the Balkan Mountains. The Bosnian pine is a hard pine and grows in altitudes of 3,000-8,200 feet. This tree grows to heights of 82-115 feet with a trunk that measures 6 feet 7 inches in diameter. The needles grow in bundles of two and measure...

Word of the Day
obdormition
  • Sleep; the state or condition of being asleep.
  • The state or condition of numbness of a part due to pressure on a nerve: as, the obdormition of a limb.
The word 'obdormition' comes from a Latin word meaning "to fall asleep".
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