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Latest Botulism Stories

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2008-12-04 11:55:00

Three people living in Georgia developed food-borne botulism that was eventually traced to commercial carrot juice from a single bottle, in September 2006.  Afterwards, an additional case in Florida and two in Ontario, Canada surfaced.The bacterium Clostridium botulinum secretes a potent toxin that causes botulism, a potentially deadly illness.  Symptoms of this include dizziness, double vision, difficulty breathing and abdominal distention.Three months later after the illness took...

2008-10-09 12:00:24

New York State Agriculture Commissioner Patrick Hooker is warning people not to eat frozen salted croaker distributed by the YS Trading Corp. of New York. Hooker said the uneviscerated fish was sold in Hicksville, N.Y.; Flushing, N.Y.; and New Jersey in un-coded, unlabeled plastic bags. He said uneviscerated fish is prohibited under New York state regulations because Clostridium botulinum spores are more likely to be concentrated in the viscera than any other portion of a fish....

2008-09-22 13:00:00

The deaths of at least 15 ducks in Coconut Creek, Fla., likely were caused by botulism, a wildlife official says. Society for Prevention for Cruelty to Animals Wildlife Care Center official Stefan Harsch said bacteria in the water at the ducks' colony likely caused an outbreak of botulism that claimed the lives of the 15 birds last week, the South Florida Sun-Sentinel said Monday. Officials from the Fort Lauderdale, Fla., care center were called to investigate the situation in Broward...

2008-09-10 12:00:51

Xoma has announced that it has been awarded a $65 million multiple year contract from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, a component of the National Institutes of Health, to support the company's ongoing development of drug candidates towards clinical trials in the treatment of botulism poisoning, a potentially deadly muscle paralyzing disease. The contract is the third that National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has awarded to Xoma for the development...

2008-09-09 15:00:00

BERKELEY, Calif., Sept. 9, 2008 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- XOMA Ltd. (Nasdaq:XOMA) today announced that it was awarded a $65 million multiple year contract from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to support XOMA's ongoing development of drug candidates towards clinical trials in the treatment of botulism poisoning, a potentially deadly muscle paralyzing disease. The contract is the third that NIAID has awarded to...

2008-08-17 18:00:23

Biologists have confirmed the first cases of avian botulism on Lake Michigan this year. Four shorebirds that washed up at Ludington State Park in mid-July represented the furthest south that botulism has been found on the lake, although more than 8,000 birds died of the disease along northern Michigan last fall, the Detroit Free Press reported Sunday. Avian botulism is not harmful to humans and occurs naturally in the Great Lakes where about 50,000 birds have died on Lake Erie and Lake...

2008-08-14 15:00:35

Provincial environment officials in Manitoba, Canada, say avian botulism is behind a spate of duck deaths in rivers in Winnipeg. For several weeks, residents and workers around the area known as "The Forks," where the Assinboine and Red Rivers meet, have reported seeing dead ducks and unusual behavior among the birds, the Winnipeg Sun reported Thursday. "On shore, the ducks seem like they're drunk, because they stumble around and don't seem to know where they are or what's happening,"...

2008-08-07 09:00:14

BOTOX(R) is an important medicine that over the last 15 years of clinical use has helped millions of patients with serious medical conditions worldwide. Pharmaceutical manufacturers using Clostridium botulinum toxin (BOTOX(R)) in drugs are required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States and by other worldwide health regulatory agencies to protect patients and consumers by assuring product safety and efficacy through animal testing and other methods. In a recent...

2008-07-03 09:00:22

By Jane E. Brody It is not unusual for drugs to be derived from substances that in other contexts would be considered dangerous. Many cancer medications are in this category. It is also common for drugs that are licensed for a particular condition to be used "off label" to treat other problems. So even though botulinum toxin (better known as Botox) is one of the most powerful nerve poisons known, its rise as a medication in recent decades is not as startling as some might think. But...

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2008-05-12 16:25:00

An effective antidote for botulinum toxin, one of the world's most feared biological weapons, is being developed.A single gram of the poison can kill hundreds of thousands of people, according to defense experts.Botulism from food poisoning affects many people each year, however, a different form of the toxin, known as botox, is used in cosmetic ways to relax wrinkles in the face.Researchers at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York, and the United States Army Medical Research Institute...


Latest Botulism Reference Libraries

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2011-04-15 13:32:47

Clostridium botulinum is a gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that produces neurotoxins, known as botulinum neurotoxins types A-G, that cause the flaccid muscular paralysis seen in botulism. It is the main paralytic agent in botox and is commonly found in soil. It is also an obligate anaerobe, meaning oxygen is poisonous to the cells. Superoxide dismutase helps C. botulinum tolerate traces of oxygen. It was first recognized and isolated in 1895 by Emile van Ermengem. Subsequent outbreaks...

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Word of the Day
cock-a-hoop
  • Exultant; jubilant; triumphant; on the high horse.
  • Tipsy; slightly intoxicated.
This word may come from the phrase 'to set cock on hoop,' or 'to drink festively.' Its origin otherwise is unclear. A theory, according to the Word Detective, is that it's a 'transliteration of the French phrase 'coq a huppe,' meaning a rooster displaying its crest ('huppe') in a pose of proud defiance.' Therefore, 'cock-a-hoop' would 'liken a drunken man to a boastful and aggressive rooster.'
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