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Last updated on April 21, 2014 at 9:29 EDT

Latest Brain Stories

2014-01-08 23:02:56

National Institute of Mental Health Director Salutes UVA Discovery Charlottesville, VA (PRWEB) January 08, 2014 For the second year in a row, groundbreaking research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine’s Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics has made the list of the year’s top 10 discoveries and breakthroughs, as compiled by the director of the National Institute of Mental Health. Under the heading “Brain Exceptionalism,” NIMH Director Thomas R. Insel,...

Optogenetics Therapy Binge Drinking
2014-01-06 15:09:17

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of American researchers has stumbled upon a way to prevent binge drinking in animal subjects, according to a new report in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. By using light to stimulate specific neurons in the brain, the study team was able to show a cause-and-effect relationship between the discharge of dopamine in the brain and drinking behaviors of animals. “For decades, we have observed that particular brain regions...

Reading A Good Book Causes Physiological Changes In The Brain
2014-01-03 17:55:35

[ Watch the Video: A Good Book For A Better Brain ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online A great novel can whisk you away to a distant land or period far back in time, and a new study in the journal Brain Connectivity has found evidence that these novels can actually cause a physiological change in the brain that lasts for days. “Stories shape our lives and in some cases help define a person,” study author Gregory Berns, director of Emory’s Center for...

Do Brain Training Games Work
2014-01-02 14:28:29

[ Watch the Video: Brain Training - Does It Really Work? ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Apps for 'brain training' claim to use games or tasks as a way of enhancing cognitive abilities. However, a new study the Journal of Neuroscience suggests that these games may only improve a person’s capacity to perform the specific training task and lack evidence that this skill translates to other cognitive abilities. Study researchers looked specifically at a brain...

Testosterone Study In Male Birds Offers Insight In Human Behaviors
2013-12-30 15:35:22

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Adding a little testosterone to a male canary’s brain influences the bird’s ability to successfully attract a mate through birdsong. Male canaries use their song to win over a female canary as a mate. The quality and frequency of the songs change along with the seasons. Researchers at The Johns Hopkins University wrote in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) that adding testosterone into select areas...

Cramming Does Not Help Create Long-Term Memories
2013-12-26 03:45:48

Ranjini Raghunath for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Those last-minute cramming sessions fueled by instant noodles and coffee might help you pass your exams. But they won’t help your brain remember things in the long term. Scientists have long known that learning with breaks in between helps your brain remember things longer than when you try to cram it all in one go. Called the “spacing effect,” the phenomenon was first described by German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus in...

Alzheimer’s Disease Tracked From The Beginning
2013-12-23 04:42:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online By combining high-resolution functional MRI (fMRI) imaging scans in Alzheimer’s disease patients with mouse models of the neurodegenerative condition, researchers from Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) have gained new insights into how, where and why the disease starts and spreads. The study, which was published Sunday in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience, will help enhance the medical community’s understanding...

2013-12-22 23:03:09

The Brain Health Kit reviews have been flooding the Internet and HealthAvenger.com reveals the truth about this program that claims people can tell which supplements would be good for their brain by simply looking through the ingredients and nutritional value of each. Houston, TX (PRWEB) December 22, 2013 Barton Publishing's Brain Health and Memory Kit that informs people about the different things they need to do to keep the brain healthy, be it food, mental stimulation, physical...

Contextual Information Can Trip Up The Brain On Even The Simplest Logic Problems
2013-12-21 04:59:25

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online If the human brain is comparable to a computer, why does it so often make mistakes that its electronic counterpart does not? New research suggests it all has to do with how various problems are presented. Scientists typically like to make this comparison because both the human brain and a computer typically follow a set of rules in which to make decisions, communicate and perform other tasks. However, University of...

2013-12-19 20:21:18

WELLESLEY, Mass., Dec. 19, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A new study by Wellesley College neuroscientists is the first to directly compare brain responses to faces and objects with responses to colors. The paper, by Bevil Conway, Wellesley Associate Professor of Neuroscience, and Rosa Lafer-Sousa, a 2009 Wellesley graduate currently studying in the Brain and Cognitive Sciences program at MIT, reveals new information about how the brain's inferior temporal cortex processes...


Latest Brain Reference Libraries

Cerebellum
2013-07-29 09:48:00

The cerebellum is a section of the brain that is most in charge of cognitive functions and motor skills. Formation and Orientation The cerebellum can be found at the bottom of the brain behind the pons and below that cerebral cortex under a layer of dura mater. It is considered as a part of the "hindbrain". The cerebellum is anatomically divided into two separate hemispheres, marked by the 'vermis', a small midline zone between the left and right hemispheres. But three lobes can be...

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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