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Latest Brain Stories

Master Monkey Uses Thoughts To Control Paralyzed Monkey
2014-02-19 14:42:53

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In a research project inspired by the movie “Avatar,” scientists from Cornell University and Harvard Medical School have designed a system that allows one monkey to control the paralyzed body of another monkey using only thoughts, according to a newly published report in the journal Nature Communications. The study team said they hope their research will eventually allow for paralyzed individuals to regain control of their body....

2014-02-19 12:58:27

Watching video of simple tasks before carrying them out may boost the brain's structure, or plasticity, and increase motor skills, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, April 26 to May 3, 2014. Brain plasticity is the brain's ability to flex and adapt, allowing for better learning. The brain loses plasticity as it ages. For the study, 36 right-handed healthy adults participated in 40-minute...

Canadian Study Discovers How Lou Gehrig's Disease Spreads
2014-02-19 08:57:05

Rebekah Eliason for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online A new study from the University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute has discovered how amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, spreads. This fatal neurodegenerative disease is transmitted from one cell to another, which provides hope that the disease can be blocked. ALS damages nerve cells located in the brain and the spinal cord. This causes the motor neurons...

2014-02-18 23:04:47

Rock stars, celebrity chefs, and rare disease advocates band together to FIGHT MSA, a rare and fatal neurodegenerative disorder. The Multiple System Atrophy Coalition and other MSA groups will be in attendance in a show of solidarity in support of “rock ‘n roll chef” Kerry Simon. Las Vegas, NV (PRWEB) February 18, 2014 A masterful list of superstars comes together for a spectacular fundraiser on February 27, 2014 to support multiple system atrophy (MSA) awareness. MSA is a rare and...

Remembering Dreams Is Easier For Some People, But Why?
2014-02-18 06:10:20

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Dreams are elusive things. Some people remember their dreams every morning, while others rarely recall anything. A research team, led by Perrine Ruby, an Inserm Research Fellow at the Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, examined the brain activity of these two types of dreamers, hoping to understand the differences between them. The findings, published in Neuropsychopharmacology, reveal that the temporo-parietal junction, an...

Brain Simulation, Big Data, And A New Computing Paradigm
2014-02-17 04:37:28

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Experts from the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland are combining experimental data with the core principles of brain organization in order to create a detailed computer model which will allow them to conduct supercomputer-based simulations of the brain’s inner workings. “Brain simulation allows measurements and manipulations impossible in the lab, opening the road to a new kind of in silico...

MRI Study Shows How The Brain Finds Beauty In Mathematics
2014-02-13 12:39:43

Peter Suciu for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online To many people math is work, often times hard work. Yet for those who appreciate the beauty of mathematics it can activate the same part of the brain that can appreciate great art or music. To those math lovers an aesthetically pleasing formula is art, and this now suggests that there could be a neurobiological basis to beauty. Thus beauty is truly in the eyes of the beholder, and researchers from University College London, Imperial...

Males Differ From Females In Specific Brain Structures
2014-02-12 13:09:03

University of Cambridge Reviewing over 20 years of neuroscience research into sex differences in brain structure, a Cambridge University team has conducted the first meta-analysis of the evidence, published this week in the prestigious journal Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. The team, led by doctoral candidate Amber Ruigrok and Professors John Suckling and Simon Baron-Cohen in the Department of Psychiatry, performed a quantitative review of the brain imaging literature testing...

Research Reveals White Matter 'Scaffold' Of Human Brain
2014-02-11 16:53:41

University of Southern California USC researchers create first map of core white matter connections; find not all brain connections are equally important For the first time, neuroscientists have systematically identified the white matter "scaffold" of the human brain, the critical communications network that supports brain function. Their work, published Feb. 11 in the open-source journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, has major implications for understanding brain injury and...

2014-02-11 10:58:55

New research has revealed a previously unknown mechanism in the body which regulates a hormone that is crucial for motivation, stress responses and control of blood pressure, pain and appetite. The breakthrough could be used to design drugs to help fight health problems connected with these functions in the future. Researchers at the University of Bristol and University College London found that lactate – essentially lactic acid – causes cells in the brain to release more noradrenaline...


Latest Brain Reference Libraries

Cerebellum
2013-07-29 09:48:00

The cerebellum is a section of the brain that is most in charge of cognitive functions and motor skills. Formation and Orientation The cerebellum can be found at the bottom of the brain behind the pons and below that cerebral cortex under a layer of dura mater. It is considered as a part of the "hindbrain". The cerebellum is anatomically divided into two separate hemispheres, marked by the 'vermis', a small midline zone between the left and right hemispheres. But three lobes can be...

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
monteith
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'
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