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Latest Breed Stories

Study Compares Genetics Of Three Commercially Farmed Sheep Breeds
2014-01-30 10:03:52

University of York A new study highlights surprising differences between Herdwick sheep and their closest neighboring UK upland breeds. The research, led by The Sheep Trust, a national charity based at the University of York, is the first of its kind to compare the genetics of three commercially farmed breeds all concentrated in the same geographical region of the UK. Scientists worked with hill farmers to explore the genetic structures of Herdwicks, Rough Fells and Dalesbred, breeds...

Researchers Study Genetic History Of Sheep
2012-02-09 03:56:02

Mapping the ancestry of sheep over the past 11,000 years has revealed that our woolly friends are stars among domestic animals, boasting vast genetic diversity and substantial prospects for continued breeding to further boost wool and food production for a rising world population. An international research team has provided an unprecedented in-depth view of the genetic history of sheep, one of the world's most important livestock species. The study, published February 7 in the online,...

2011-12-23 10:12:53

The genetic changes underlying the evolution of new species are still poorly understood. For instance, we know little about critical changes that have happened during human evolution. Genetic studies in domestic animals can shed light on this process due to the rapid evolution they have undergone over the last 10,000 years. A new study published today describes how a complex genomic rearrangement causes a fascinating phenotype in chickens. In the study published in PLoS Genetics...

2011-03-01 14:21:19

Fernando Rendo, biologist at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), has developed genetic-molecular tools, with the intention of completing the genealogical tree of certain ovine, bovine and equine breeds in the Basque Country Autonomous Community (CAPV"“EAE) and Navarre. Concretely, he opted for numerous microsatellites (a type of DNA sequence) and certain SNPs (a kind of variation in the DNA sequence) that can act as biomarkers for characterizing genetic structures. With...

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2010-03-11 09:00:00

The domestication of animals and plants is the most important technological innovation during human history. This genetic transformation of wild species has occurred as humans have used individuals carrying favorable gene variants for breeding purposes. In the current issue of Nature an international team led by researchers at Uppsala University has revealed some of the secrets underlying the remarkable development of the domestic chicken. The domestic chicken has in recent years become the...

2010-03-02 09:17:16

Why do domestic dogs vary so much in size, shape, coat texture, color and patterning? Study of the dog genome has reached a point where the molecular mechanisms governing such variation across mammalian species are becoming understood. In an essay published in the March 2, 2010 issue of PLoS Biology, National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) researchers discuss advances in understanding the genomic mechanisms controlling canine morphology. There are more than 300 dog breeds in the...

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2008-01-29 09:05:00

The Fertile Crescent of the Middle East has long been identified as a "cradle of civilization" for humans. In a new genetic study, researchers at the University of California, Davis, have concluded that all ancestral roads for the modern day domestic cat also lead back to the same locale. Findings of the study, involving more than 11,000 cats, are reported in the cover article of the January issue of the journal Genomics. "This study confirms earlier research suggesting that the domestication...

2007-09-19 09:01:13

By Kitty Caparella, Philadelphia Daily News Sep. 19--So you want to be a tough guy, and a big mouth, too? Shout epithets at drug agents on the witness stand during a break? Laugh about intimidating witnesses at trial? Boast about stabbings, beatings and fracturing a victim's eye socket? Well, the U.S. government has something for you: shackles in federal court. Just ask tough-guy bikers John "Junior" Napoli and William "Fuzzy" Johnson, who were hiding the shackles on their...

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2007-02-12 13:25:00

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - A new statistical method of determining genetic traits that influence social interactions among animals may provide for more productive livestock. Scientists from Purdue University, the Netherlands and England designed mathematical equations based on traits to choose animals that are more congenial in groups, said William Muir, a Purdue Department of Animal Sciences geneticist. The new method is a tool that may contribute both to animal well-being and to securing the...

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2006-10-16 11:30:00

NEWPORT, R.I. -- Just one of the Dutch Belted Cattle lazing in a corral overlooking the city's rolling hills costs $4,000 - a bargain considering its DNA is priceless. Called Oreo cookie cows because of their three distinct stripes, Dutch Belteds were brought to the United States from Holland in 1840 by P.T. Barnum for use in his circus. Fewer than 1,000 are left worldwide. Concerned the animals could become extinct, the SVF Foundation is collecting germplasm - sperm, fertilized embryos,...


Latest Breed Reference Libraries

Göttingen Minipig
2014-08-13 12:00:03

The Göttingen minipig, also known as the Göttinger, is a domestic breed of miniature pig that was developed in Europe for the purpose of biomedical research. Using pigs in medical research has been popular for centuries, as they show many similarities to the human anatomy. This breed of pig was developed by crossing the Vietnamese potbelly pig with the Minnesota minipig and was later crossed with the German landrace breed to give it a pink or white skin color. It was made available to...

Bekisar
2014-06-19 14:20:21

The Bekisar, also known as the Ayam Bekisar, is the first generation of hybrid chicken developed from the cross of the green junglefowl and the domestic red junglefowl. Although the exact origin of this breed is unknown, Javanese and Sudanese people assert that it was first developed on the Kangean Islands in Java. The earliest members of this breed were used for communication, because each rooster’s call was unique and due to its ancestry, very loud. Roosters were placed in baskets on the...

Brabanter
2014-06-17 07:34:25

The Brabanter is a domestic breed of chicken that was developed in Brabant, an area that rests between the Netherlands and Belgium. The original type of this breed almost became extinct during the twentieth century, but crossbreeding with the Dutch Owlbeard saved the breed by 1920. However, inbreeding caused many individuals to be born too small and the breeding stock that exists outside of Europe is considered to be of poor quality. The Brabanter can be distinguished from other breeds by...

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blee
  • Color; hue; complexion.
This word is Middle English in origin.
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