Latest Bristol University Stories

2014-05-27 11:46:17

University of Bristol An international team of scientists has made a major step forward in our understanding of how enzymes 'edit' genes, paving the way for correcting genetic diseases in patients. Researchers at the Universities of Bristol, Münster and the Lithuanian Institute of Biotechnology have observed the process by which a class of enzymes called CRISPR – pronounced 'crisper' – bind and alter the structure of DNA. The results, published in the Proceedings of the National...

2012-01-13 14:50:24

In a breakthrough paper published in this week's issue of Science magazine, researchers from Sandia's Combustion Research Facility, the University of Manchester and Bristol University report direct measurements of reactions of a gas-phase Criegee intermediate using photoionization mass spectrometry. (visit www.youtube.com/SandiaLabs to see a short video of Sandia combustion chemists discussing the research.) Criegee intermediates — carbonyl oxides — are implicated in...

2010-12-17 09:20:00

Working through lunch to increase productivity or snacking in front of the computer while trying to level up an MMORPG character could increase an individual's food intake for the rest of the day, researchers at Bristol University in the UK have discovered. In testing their theory, researchers from Bristol's School of Experimental Psychology's Nutrition and Behavior Unit conducted a study in which they split 44 subjects into two groups. The first group ate a lunch consisting of nine different...

2010-01-11 06:25:00

Cleopatra may have rocked a mean cat eye, but she wasn't history's first style icon. Scientists say that title may belong to Neanderthals who lived over 50,000 years ago. Professor Joao Zilhao, an archaeologist from Bristol University in the UK, and his team say that two shells containing pigment residues were unearthed at two archaeological sites in the Murcia province of southern Spain. Along with the ancient pigment-coated shells, the team uncovered black sticks of manganese. "[But] this...

2009-09-24 12:25:25

According to a study that might help predict rising sea levels linked to climate change, scientists are surprised at how fast coastal ice in Antarctica and Greenland is thinning. Scientists at the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) and Bristol University said that glaciers speeding up when they flowed into the sea caused the biggest loss of ice, which was seen by analysis of missions of NASA satellite laser images. "We were surprised to see such a strong pattern of thinning glaciers across such...

2009-05-06 05:40:53

Scientists have used a clay sculpture to recreate the face of the earliest known European. Using an incomplete skull and jawbone retrieved seven years ago by potholers in a cave near the Carpathian Mountains in Romania, Richard Neave, a forensic scientist in the UK, successfully reconstructed the head of the ancient European ancestor. Scientists are unsure of whether the bone fragments belonged to a male or female, but radiocarbon analysis dates the find to between 34,000 and 36,000 years...

2008-09-27 00:00:12

Children raised in obsessively clean households could be more likely to develop diabetes, Bristol University scientists have claimed. Studies on mice discovered that 80 per cent developed severe type one diabetes when living in a bacteria-free environment. The incidence of diabetes fell dramatically when the researchers gave the mice a cocktail of the bacteria normally found in mammals' guts. The results indicate that children growing up in the most hygienic conditions may be...

2008-09-17 17:05:00

A new British assessment has found that most of the recently discovered dinosaurs are indeed new to science. With many past fossil finds named on the basis of partial remains, there has been concern that a significant amount double counting has been taking place.  Indeed, recent studies had even suggested this error rate might be as high as 50%, with some species being cataloged with several aliases. However, the new assessment finds that modern practice is now very good. "My research...

2008-06-28 15:35:00

Researchers have developed surveillance technology that can identify thousands of near identical African Penguins and then monitor them over long periods of time. The system will boost our understanding of the animals and it could even help ecologists solve the mystery of how long penguins live, the team said. It could also be used to track other species, from cheetahs to sharks. The Royal Society's Summer Exhibition is currently displaying the groundbreaking technology. "Until now, if you...

2008-05-20 09:40:00

A new technique that mimics healing processes found in nature could enable damaged aircraft to mend themselves automatically, even during a flight.As well as the obvious safety benefits, this breakthrough could make it possible to design lighter airplanes in future (see below). This would lead to fuel savings, cutting costs for airlines and passengers and reducing carbon emissions too.The technique works like this. If a tiny hole/crack appears in the aircraft (e.g. due to wear and tear,...

Word of the Day
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.