Latest Brookhaven National Laboratory Stories

2009-02-15 15:30:00

Duke and Brookhaven examine free-flowing 'exploding cigars' Several years after Duke University researchers announced spectacular behavior of a low density ultracold gas cloud, researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory have observed strikingly similar properties in a very hot and dense plasma "fluid" created to simulate conditions when the universe was about one millionths of a second old. The plasma was formed at a colossal 2 million degrees Kelvin temperatures within Brookhaven's...

2009-02-09 06:55:49

NIST, Brookhaven Researchers Use Tuberculosis Bacteria to End 25-Year Quest The bacterium behind one of mankind's deadliest scourges, tuberculosis, is helping researchers at the Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) move closer to answering the decades-old question of what controls the switching on and off of genes that carry out all of life's functions. In a Journal of Biological...

2009-01-26 16:23:25

Findings have implications for increasing biomass for the production of biofuels Through work originally designed to remove contaminants from soil, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and their Belgium colleagues at Hasselt University have identified plant-associated microbes that can improve plant growth on marginal land. The findings, published in the February 1, 2009 issue of Applied and Environmental Microbiology, may help scientists design...

2009-01-26 16:17:06

A team of scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Delaware and Yeshiva University, has developed a new catalyst that could make ethanol-powered fuel cells feasible. The highly efficient catalyst performs two crucial, and previously unreachable steps needed to oxidize ethanol and produce clean energy in fuel cell reactions. Their results are published online in the January 25, 2009 edition of...

2009-01-20 14:11:21

New research may be able to explain why men are more capable of watching what they eat than women. Women's brains are at fault, researchers said in their report published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "There is something going on in the female," lead researcher Gene-Jack Wang, of Brookhaven National Laboratory, told the Associated Press. "The signal is so much different." He and his colleagues compared the results of positron emission tomography (PET) brain scans from...

2009-01-10 07:04:04

Mechanistic details revealed through unique light source technique Using two simultaneous light-based probing techniques at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, a team of researchers has illuminated important details about a class of enzymes involved in everything from photosynthesis to the regulation of biological clocks. The interdisciplinary team has a broad interest in flavoproteins, which were first discovered in the 1930s and derive from riboflavin, or...

2008-12-23 09:23:02

Findings may explain faster action with implications for toxicity and therapeutic use Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have determined the atomic-level structure of a third subtype of botulinum neurotoxin "” a deadly toxin produced by certain bacteria that causes the disease botulism, and is also used in cosmetic and therapeutic applications such as reducing wrinkles and calming a hyperactive bladder. The detailed structure, published...

2008-12-02 16:15:08

"ËœStriped' material offers more clues to high-temperature superconductivity Scientists studying a material that appeared to lose its ability to carry current with no resistance say new measurements reveal that the material is indeed a superconductor "” but only in two dimensions. Equally surprising, this new form of 2-D superconductivity emerges at a higher temperature than ordinary 3-D superconductivity in other compositions of the same material. The research, conducted in...

2008-10-07 08:09:50

Measurements taken by air, land, and sea will improve climate modeling During October and November 2008, some 150 scientists from 40 institutions in eight nations "” including scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory "” will take part in an international field experiment designed to make observations of critical components of the climate system of the southeastern Pacific. Because elements of this system are poorly understood and poorly...

2008-09-10 15:00:13

ANN ARBOR, Mich., PASADENA and BERKELEY, Calif., Sept. 10 /PRNewswire/ -- Today marked the first-ever attempt to circulate a beam of subatomic particles around the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a gigantic particle accelerator spanning the French-Swiss border. The event represents a major milestone along the path towards a new understanding of the fundamental nature and origins of the universe. When the LHC officially begins its experiments, multiple terabytes of data per second will flow...

Word of the Day
  • In music, a work for a keyboard-instrument, like the pianoforte or organ, originally intended to utilize and display varieties of touch: but the term has been extended so as to include many irregular works, similar to the prelude, the fantasia, and the improvisation.
This word is Italian in origin, coming from the feminine past participle of 'toccare,' to touch.