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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 7:15 EDT

Latest Brown University Stories

2013-06-26 16:30:55

Asians – recently found to be the fastest growing minority group in the U.S. – have been described as the least segregated minority group in the U.S. In fact, Chinese and Indians are segregated almost as highly as Hispanics, and Vietnamese segregation is almost as high as that of African Americans. At the same time, every Asian nationality except Vietnamese lives on average in neighborhoods with higher income and share of college-educated residents than do non-Hispanic whites. This...

2013-06-17 09:52:57

The noble gases get their collective moniker from their tendency toward snobbishness. The six elements in the family, which includes helium and neon, don't normally bond with other elements and they don't dissolve into minerals the way other gases do. But now, geochemists from Brown University have found a mineral structure with which the nobles deign to fraternize. Researchers led by Colin Jackson, a graduate student in geological sciences, have found noble gases to be highly soluble in...

2013-05-27 23:02:50

Event Explores Applied Research Focused on Rhode Island Health Policy McLean, VA (PRWEB) May 27, 2013 The Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA) is pleased to present the final program for the Healthy Rhode Island Environmental Design Summit on Wednesday, May 29, in the Narragansett Ballroom at the Omni Providence hotel in Providence, R.I. Co-sponsored by the Rhode Island Department of Health and Roger Williams University, this seminal event brings together the expertise of...

2013-05-09 23:02:30

Event explores applied research focused on Rhode Island Health Policy McLean, VA (PRWEB) May 09, 2013 As part of its 44th annual conference, the Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA) will conduct the Healthy Rhode Island Environmental Design Summit on Wednesday, May 29, at the Omni Providence hotel in Providence, R.I. Co-sponsored by the Rhode Island Department of Health, this seminal event brings together the expertise of researchers from around the globe converging in...

Theta Brainwaves Reflect Ability To Overcome Built-in bias
2013-05-08 08:55:51

Brown University Vertebrates are predisposed to act to gain rewards, and to lay low to avoid punishment. Try to teach chickens to back away from food in order to obtain it, and you'll fail, as researchers did in 1986. But (some) humans are better thinkers than chickens. In the May 8 edition of the Journal of Neuroscience, researchers show that the level of theta brainwave activity in the prefrontal cortex predicts whether people will be able to overcome these ingrained biases when doing so...

How Some Leaves Get Fat: It's In Their Veins
2013-04-11 15:35:43

Brown University A "garden variety" leaf is a broad, flat structure, but if the garden happens to be somewhere arid, it probably includes succulent plants with plump leaves full of precious water. Fat leaves did not emerge in the plant world easily. A new Brown University study published in Current Biology reports that to sustain efficient photosynthesis, they required the evolution of a fundamental remodeling of leaf vein structure: the addition of a third dimension. Leaves, after all,...

2013-03-22 09:56:34

In the four years since Brown University established the Initiative to Maximize Student Development in its life sciences Ph.D. programs, enrollment and academic achievement among underrepresented minority students has increased markedly, according to new data published in the journal CBE-Life Sciences Education. A new paper in the peer-reviewed journal CBE–Life Sciences Education describes a Brown University program that has significantly improved recruiting and performance of...

New Study Suggests Misregulated Genes May Play Big Role In Autism
2013-03-21 12:52:01

Brown University A new study finds that two genes individually associated with rare autism-related disorders are also jointly linked to more general forms of autism. The finding suggests a new genetic pathway to investigate in general autism research. The genes encode the proteins NHE6 and NHE9, which are responsible for biochemical exchanges in the endosomes of cells. Mutations in the NHE6 gene are a direct cause of Christianson Syndrome, while mutations in the NHE9 gene lead to a...

2013-03-07 11:22:19

In a new study in Neuron, scientists identified specific key steps in the chain of events that causes stress-related drug relapse. They identified the exact region of the brain where the events take place in rat models and showed that by blocking a step, they could prevent stress-related relapse. All too often, stress turns addiction recovery into relapse, but years of basic brain research have provided scientists with insight that might allow them develop a medicine to help. A new study...

Simulating Climate Change Using New Technique
2013-03-05 13:13:13

Brown University Statistical physics offers an approach to studying climate change that could dramatically reduce the time and brute-force computing that current simulation techniques require. The new approach focuses on fundamental forces that drive climate rather than on “following every little swirl” of water or air. And yes, there´s an app for that. Scientists are using ever more complex models running on ever more powerful computers to simulate the earth´s...