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Last updated on April 25, 2014 at 1:22 EDT

Latest California Institute of Technology Stories

2014-04-15 12:30:22

Scientist's 'monumental' discoveries underlie one of the largest fields in modern biomedical research, including efforts to treat cancer and neurodegenerative diseases ALBANY, N.Y., April 15, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ----Alexander Varshavsky, Ph.D., whose landmark discoveries transformed the understanding of how cell behavior impacts diseases including cancer, autoimmune disorders and other illnesses, has been selected to receive the prestigious Albany Medical Center Prize in...

2014-03-26 12:23:19

The off-the-grid toilet aims to provide safe sanitation to rural India KOHLER, Wis., March 26, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- In conjunction with World Water Day, Kohler Co. and Caltech embrace the next milestone of a more than two-year collaborative journey in the development of a photovoltaic toilet as part of the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge, hosted by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. This next stage of the project takes the team and its two toilet units from Pasadena, California...

2014-02-11 10:57:21

In 2011, biologists at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) demonstrated a highly effective method for delivering HIV-fighting antibodies to mice—a treatment that protected the mice from infection by a laboratory strain of HIV delivered intravenously. Now the researchers, led by Nobel Laureate David Baltimore, have shown that the same procedure is just as effective against a strain of HIV found in the real world, even when transmitted across mucosal surfaces. The findings,...

Kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect Observed In Individual Object For The First Time
2014-01-17 11:14:32

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Scientists from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) report in a recent study that they have observed a change in an individual object’s cosmic microwave background radiation resulting from its interaction with massive moving objects for the first time ever. According to the recently-published paper in The Astrophysical Journal, this phenomenon, which is known as the...

Idaho, Mars Canyons Share Similarities: Carved By Massive Megafloods
2014-01-17 09:15:38

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The shared geological features found in U-shaped bedrock canyons both in south-central Idaho and on the surface of Mars are likely the result of massive floods, according to research appearing in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). California Institute of Technology (Caltech) geology professor Michael P. Lamb and his colleagues explain that while there have been other explanations for the formation...

Himiko Galaxy's 'Space Blob' Halo Dates Back To The Cosmic Dawn
2014-01-17 08:10:48

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Questions surrounding the glowing gaseous halo extending from a massive early galaxy that have puzzled astronomers since its discovery in 2009 have finally been answered by research appearing in a recent edition of The Astrophysical Journal. Himiko, a very large and extremely distant galaxy with a gaseous halo extending over 55,000 light years, was first discovered four years ago using the Subaru Telescope located at Hawaii’s...

Bacterial 'Syringe' Necessary For Development Of Marine Animals
2014-01-15 08:43:59

California Institute of Technology If you've ever slipped on a slimy wet rock at the beach, you have bacteria to thank. Those bacteria, nestled in a supportive extracellular matrix, form bacterial biofilms—often slimy substances that cling to wet surfaces. For some marine organisms—like corals, sea urchins, and tubeworms—these biofilms serve a vital purpose, flagging suitable homes for such organisms and actually aiding the transformation of larvae to adults. A new study at the...

2013-11-19 16:21:44

Plumbing Leader Provides Design and Product Assistance to Winner of the Gates Foundation "Reinvent the Toilet Challenge" KOHLER, Wis., Nov. 19, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Kohler Co, a global leader in kitchen and bathroom design and technology, provides support to the team of engineering students and professor from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in its efforts to develop a solar-powered (photovoltaic) toilet. "I am thrilled to have the support of Kohler Co. as we move...

2013-11-17 00:22:39

High School Scholars Earn Top Prizes at Nation's Premier STEM Competition PASADENA, Calif., Nov. 17, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Months of dedication and hard work in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) paid off tonight for three students named National Finalists in the Siemens Competition in Math, Science & Technology, the nation's premier research competition for high school students. Eric Chen of San Diego, Calif. earned the top individual honors and a $3,000 scholarship...

Bacterium Found In Termite Guts Helps Make Wood A Nutritious Meal
2013-09-27 08:15:23

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As termites eat wood, the small chunks they chew off are delivered to feed a community of unique microbes living in their guts. In a complex multi-step process, these microbes turn the hard, fibrous material of the wood into a nutritious meal for the termite host. A key step in this process uses acetogenesis -- where hydrogen converts carbon dioxide into organic carbon. It is unknown, however, which gut bacteria play specific roles in...