Latest Cambridge University Stories

2008-07-23 03:00:25

By Ruse, Michael Handmaiden to the Science? PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGY RE-ENGINEERING PHILOSOPHY FOR LIMITED BEINGS: Piecewise Approximations to Reality. William C. Wimsatt. xviii + 450 pp. Harvard University Press, 2007. $49.95. INTEGRATING EVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT: From Theory to Practice. Edited by Roger Sansom and Robert N. Brandon, xiv + 334 pp. The MIT Press, 2007. $34. EVIDENCE AND EVOLUTION: The Logic Behind the Science. Elliott Sober, xx + 412 pp. Cambridge University Press, 2008....

2008-07-06 18:00:07

By Faye Flam, The Philadelphia Inquirer Jul. 6--By completely reversing four types of mental impairment in mice, scientists are overturning the long-entrenched notion that our mental capacity is hardwired and immutable. So striking were the animal results that scientists are beginning drug trials on people with genetic disorders associated with mental retardation and autism. Several of the drugs are approved for other uses, which should speed up the testing process. Until recently,...

2008-04-02 03:00:42

By Fitzgerald, Gerard J The first large-scale use of a traditional weapon of mass destruction (chemical, biological, or nuclear) involved the successful deployment of chemical weapons during World War I (1914- 1918). Historians now refer to the Great War as the chemist's war because of the scientific and engineering mobilization efforts by the major belligerents. The development, production, and deployment of war gases such as chlorine, phosgene, and mustard created a new and complex public...

2008-02-29 03:00:27

By Das, S Singh, S B; Mohanty, O N; Bhadeshia, H K D H The basic science behind bake hardening steels is well understood in terms of the interactions between interstitial solutes and dislocations. However, the manufacture of such alloys involves a variety of other variables, the interactions between which are influential in controlling the extent of hardening. In the present work, a model which includes the chemical composition of the steel, the strain before aging and the annealing and...

2008-01-25 11:55:00

Scientists call for more research into neglected area   Cambridge scientists are advocating additional research into the little understood links between environmental pollution and type 2 diabetes. In the most recent edition of the Lancet, Drs. Oliver Jones and Julian Griffin highlight the need to research the possible link between persistent organic pollutants (POPs, a group which includes many pesticides) and insulin resistance, which can lead to adult onset diabetes. In their...

2005-12-01 16:45:00

NASA -- Scientists using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have discovered evidence of energetic plumes - particles that extend 300,000 light years into a massive cluster of galaxies. The plumes are due to explosive venting from the vicinity of a supermassive black hole, and they provide dramatic new evidence of the influence a black hole can have over intergalactic distances. "In relative terms, it is as if a heat source the size of a fingernail affects the behavior of a region the size of...

2005-04-12 18:34:45

Goal is to assuage public's concerns about a potential doomsday collision CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- Astronomers led by an MIT professor have revised the scale used to assess the threat of asteroids and comets colliding with Earth to better communicate those risks with the public. The overall goal is to provide easy-to-understand information to assuage concerns about a potential doomsday collision with our planet. The Torino scale, a risk-assessment system similar to the Richter scale used for...

2005-04-11 09:00:00

Scientists discover one of the constants of the universe might not be constant Physical constants are one of the cornerstones of physics -- sacred numbers which we know to be fixed -- but what if some of these constants are changing? Speaking at the Institute of Physics conference Physics 2005, Dr Michael Murphy of Cambridge University will discuss the "fine structure constant" -- one of the critical numbers in the universe which seems to be precisely tuned for life to exist...

2005-01-05 07:30:00

Astronomer Royal, Sir Martin Rees talks about the conditions for life. How unique is our world? Is the universe itself just the byproduct of many failed, sterile or stillborn universes that might have preceded it? Astrobiology Magazine -- Britain's Astronomer Royal, Martin Rees , took time from his busy schedule to talk with Astrobiology Magazine's Chief Editor and Executive Producer, Helen Matsos. His three-part interview considers a broad range of alternative planetary futures, while...

Word of the Day
  • A Roman unit of weight, 1⁄1728 of a pound.
  • A weight of four grains used in weighing gold and precious stones; a carat.
  • In anatomy, a formation suggesting a husk or pod.
  • The lowest unit in the Roman coinage, the twenty-fourth part of a solidus.
  • A coin of base silver of the Gothic and Lombard kings of Italy.
'Siliqua' comes from a Latin word meaning 'a pod.'