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Latest Carbon cycle Stories

Earth’s CO2 And Climate Stabilized By Ancient Forests
2014-01-24 12:38:58

European Geosciences Union UK researchers have identified a biological mechanism that could explain how the Earth’s atmospheric carbon dioxide and climate were stabilized over the past 24 million years. When CO2 levels became too low for plants to grow properly, forests appear to have kept the climate in check by slowing down the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The results are now published in Biogeosciences, an open access journal of the European Geosciences Union (EGU)....

Mushrooms Associated To Earthworms Can Develop Mechanism Of Environmental Engineering
2014-01-13 12:25:49

Technical University of Madrid This model, which was developed by a research group of the School of Forestry at the Technical University of Madrid (UPM), has shown how some types of mushrooms (such as truffles, boletus or chanterelles) associated to earthworms can develop a mechanism of environmental engineering. The use of this model can increase the levels of calcium and salts among tree roots what can result in an increase in mycorrhizas and to enhance the development of forests. This...

2014-01-10 10:45:38

Scientists discover extracellular vesicles produced by ocean microbes Marine cyanobacteria — tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 — are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles. They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and with their own body mass, which forms the base of the ocean food chain. Now scientists at MIT have discovered another dimension of the outsized role played by these tiny...

Fungi Fight Climate Change
2014-01-09 12:01:24

Ranjini Raghunath for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most people know fungi as the yeast that makes their bread or the mold that leaves them wheezing at night. But there are hundreds of these creatures working quietly on the sidelines to make the world a better place: from brewing beer to keeping the soil fertile and now, it turns out, combating climate change. A new study published online in Nature reveals that fungi, not plants, are the real champions in the battle against...

How Does Soil Store Carbon Dioxide?
2014-01-09 10:17:12

Technische Universität München Global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions continue to rise – in 2012 alone, 35.7 billion tons of this greenhouse gas entered the atmosphere. Some of this CO2 is absorbed by the oceans, plants and soil. As such, they provide a significant reservoir of carbon, stemming the release of CO2. Scientists have now discovered how organic carbon is stored in soil. Basically, the carbon only binds to certain soil structures. This means that soil’s capacity to absorb...

Carbon Dioxide Observatory Spacecraft Placed In Vacuum Chamber In Preps For Launch
2013-12-26 03:31:31

Gerard LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2) was recently placed into a thermal vacuum chamber to prepare for its launch in July 2014. The OCO-2 is a craft that will orbit the Earth and take high-resolution data of carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. It was prepped and tested at the Orbital Sciences Satellite Manufacturing Facility in Gilbert, Arizona. In late November the OCO-2 was placed into the vacuum chamber to confirm the...

Rivers, Streams Release Far More Carbon Dioxide Than Do Lakes: Study
2013-12-10 06:51:50

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Contrary to common belief, rivers and streams release carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere at a rate five times greater than the world's lakes and reservoirs combined. The findings of this international study, which included the University of Waterloo, have been published in the journal Nature. "Identifying the sources and amounts of carbon dioxide released from continental water sources has been a gap in understanding the carbon...

Sea-Level Rise Will Continue To Fuel Destructive Coastal Flooding
2013-12-05 10:26:23

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two new literature review studies, published in Nature, reveal changing coastal ocean functions. The first study, "Coastal flooding by tropical cyclones and sea-level rise," reveals that the clamor about whether climate change will cause increasingly destructive tropical storms may be overshadowing a more unrelenting threat to coastal property: sea-level rise. Jonathan D. Woodruff, an assistant professor of sedimentology and...

Forest Ecosystems Keep The Earth From Cooking
2013-10-17 04:10:12

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a new study led by Princeton University, enhanced growth of the Earth's plants during the 20th century has caused a significant slowdown of the Earth's transition to being "red-hot." This study, the first to specify the extent to which plants have prevented climate change since pre-industrial times, found that land ecosystems have kept the planet cooler by absorbing billions of tons of carbon, especially during the past 60...


Word of the Day
attercop
  • A spider.
  • Figuratively, a peevish, testy, ill-natured person.
'Attercop' comes from the Old English 'atorcoppe,' where 'atter' means 'poison, venom' and‎ 'cop' means 'spider.' 'Coppa' is a derivative of 'cop,' top, summit, round head, or 'copp,' cup, vessel, which refers to 'the supposed venomous properties of spiders,' says the OED. 'Copp' is still found in the word 'cobweb.'
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