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Latest Carnegie Institution for Science Stories

Subduction Evidence From Billions Of Years Ago
2013-01-19 06:32:40

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers for the first time have discovered evidence supporting the theory that the processes that act as catalysts for volcanic activity today are similar to those that occurred nearly four billion years ago. Writing in the journal Geology, Frances Jenner of the Carnegie Institution for Science and colleagues report that 3.8 billion-year-old volcanic rocks recovered from an island in southwestern Greenland support previous...

Intestinal Bacteria Boost Fat Absorption 091312
2012-09-13 14:40:46

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A group of researchers from the University of North Carolina (UNC) and Carnegie Institution for Science recently discovered that microbes in the intestine help the body increase the absorption of calories from food by extracting dietary fats. The results from the study on microbes in the digestive tract were recently published in the journal Cell Host & Microbe. "This study is the first to demonstrate that...

2012-05-09 07:59:44

Larry Nittler, a staff scientist in the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, has been named deputy principal investigator of the MESSENGER mission. MESSENGER Principal Investigator Sean Solomon, of CIW, delivered the announcement this morning at the first plenary of the 26th meeting of the MESSENGER Science Team meeting in Vancouver, B.C. Solomon, a research scientist and director emeritus at CIW, has led NASA's orbiting exploration of the planet...

Mountaintop Blasting Paves The Way For The Giant Magellan Telescope
2012-03-24 03:27:17

Astronomers have begun to blast 3 million cubic feet of rock from a mountaintop in the Chilean Andes to make room for what will be the world's largest telescope when completed near the end of the decade. The telescope will be located at the Carnegie Institution's Las Campanas Observatory–one of the world's premier astronomical sites, known for its pristine conditions and clear, dark skies. Over the next few months, more than 70 controlled blasts will break up the rock while leaving a...

Mirror Casting Event For Giant Magellan Telescope
2012-01-10 07:35:43

On January 14, 2012, the second 8.4-meter (27.6 ft) diameter mirror for the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) will be cast inside a rotating furnace at the University of Arizona´s Steward Observatory Mirror Lab (SOML) underneath the campus football stadium. The Mirror Lab will host a special event to highlight the milestone of creating the optics for the Giant Magellan Telescope. The Carnegie Institution is a founding member of the GMTO partnership.* Members of the media are invited to...

Earth's Core Deprived Of Oxygen
2011-11-24 04:57:19

The composition of the Earth's core remains a mystery. Scientists know that the liquid outer core consists mainly of iron, but it is believed that small amounts of some other elements are present as well. Oxygen is the most abundant element in the planet, so it is not unreasonable to expect oxygen might be one of the dominant "light elements" in the core. However, new research from a team including Carnegie's Yingwei Fei shows that oxygen does not have a major presence in the outer core. This...

Diamonds Show Carbon Cycle May Reach Earth's Lower Mantle
2011-09-16 10:41:51

  By studying the chemistry of an unorthodox set of Brazilian diamonds, a team of researchers have discovered startling new information about the carbon cycle and the theory of plate tectonics. Researchers from the University of Bristol, Universidade de Brasilia, and the Carnegie Institution for Science studied what are known as "superdeep" diamonds, some of which originated from depths of 435 miles (700km) or more before erupting to the surface as volcanic rocks. Most diamonds...

2011-02-10 00:14:01

Chemical compounds called manganites have been studied for many years since the discovery of colossal magnetoresistance, a property that promises important applications in the fields of magnetic sensors, magnetic random access memories and spintronic devices. However, understanding"”and ultimately controlling"”this effect remains a challenge, because much about manganite physics is still not known. A research team lead by Maria Baldini from Stanford University and Carnegie...

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2010-09-30 07:25:00

Researchers from the University of California (UC) Santa Cruz and the Carnegie Institution for Science have discovered a new, roughly Earth-sized planet that they believe could sustain life, representatives from both educational institutions announced on Wednesday. The investigative team discovered the new planet in a "habitable zone" (an area located at the right distance from a star in order to receive just enough stellar energy to maintain liquid water at or near the surface of the planet)...

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2010-07-15 11:55:00

According to a study of prehistoric climate change, ancient hunters who stalked the world's last woolly mammoths likely helped warm the Earth's far northern latitudes thousands of years before humans started to burn fossil fuels. Researchers at the Carnegie Institution for Science decided that the demise of the leaf-chomping woolly mammoths contributed to a proliferation of dwarf birch trees in and around the Arctic, darkening a largely barren, reflective landscape and accelerating a rise in...


Latest Carnegie Institution for Science Reference Libraries

2_301ef105658994f337b5c9d724bd880d2
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Palomar Observatory -- Owned and operated by the California Institute of Technology, a privately endowed educational and research institution located in Pasadena, California, and is used to support the scientific research programs of Caltech's faculty and students. The principal instruments at Palomar are the 200-inch Hale Telescope, the 48-inch Oschin Telescope, the 18-inch Schmidt telescope, and the 60-inch reflecting telescope (operated jointly by Caltech and the Carnegie Institute of...

2_840e82185aaa17736d132921d07a181b2
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mount Wilson Observatory -- astronomical observatory located in California on Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena. Mt. Wilson Observatory was founded in 1904 by George E. Hale. Its equipment includes 100-in. (2.5-m) and 60-in. (1.50-m) reflecting telescopes and two solar-tower telescopes 150 ft. (46 m) and 60 ft. (18 m) in length. The most recent addition is the CHARA (Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy) array operated by Georgia State Univ.; it consists of six 39-in. (1-m) aperture...

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'