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Latest Cenozoic Stories

Evolutionary History Of Interbreeding Between Neanderthals And Humans
2014-04-09 06:59:21

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Whether or not early humans and Neanderthals interbred has been the subject of much debate in scientific circles for a long time. Thanks to a new genomic analysis method from the University of Edinburgh, technical objections to that idea have been overcome. The technique, described in a recent issue of GENETICS, is able to detect the genetic signatures of interbreeding with more confidence than previous methods. The research team...

New Saber-Toothed Cat Discovery Sheds Light On Interactions Between Early Humans And Predators
2014-04-02 08:15:46

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online At the Schöningen open-cast coal mine in north-central Germany, near Hannover, researchers from the Lower Saxony Heritage Authority and the University of Tübingen have discovered the remains of a saber-toothed cat. The remains were preserved in rock strata some 300,000 years old, placing them during the Paleolithic Era. The Schöningen mine is famous for the discovery of three wooden spears, unearthed in 1997 by Hartmut Thieme of...

2014-03-28 09:31:54

Geneticists and anthropologists previously suspected that ancient Africans domesticated cattle native to the African continent nearly 10,000 years ago. Now, a team of University of Missouri researchers has completed the genetic history of 134 cattle breeds from around the world. In the process of completing this history, they found that ancient domesticated African cattle originated in the "Fertile Crescent," a region that covered modern day Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Israel. In their study...

Fossil Skeleton Of Australopithecus Is Older Than Previously Believed
2014-03-17 04:51:40

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Thirteen years of meticulous excavation by South African and French scientists has shown that the nearly complete fossil skeleton of Australopithecus, nicknamed Little Foot, is most likely around 3 million years old. Professor Ron Clark from the University of Witwatersrand led the study, which refutes previous dating claims that suggest Little Foot is younger. The findings, published in a recent issue of the Journal of Human...

Ancient Sloths Went Swimming
2014-03-13 05:04:02

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists at the National Museum of Natural History in Paris say ancient sloths once spent some of their time in the ocean. Sloths are known as tree dwellers, but the latest research published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B says that these creatures use to head out into the sea about five to eight million years ago. The team came to this conclusion after analyzing Peruvian sloth fossils belonging to five different...

Refining Dates For The Atapuerca Site Where Homo Antecessor Was Discovered
2014-02-10 09:43:28

FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology One of the issues of the Atapuerca sites that generates the most scientific debate is the dating of the strata where the fossils are found. Therefore, researchers at the Spanish National Research Centre for Human Evolution, among others, strive to settle the dates. A study published by the 'Journal of Archaeological Science' has clarified that the sediment of Gran Dolina, where the first remains of Homo antecessor were discovered in...

Woolly Mammoths And Other Megafauna Suffered From A Loss Of Plant Diversity
2014-02-06 09:29:49

[ Watch the Video: Diet Changes Killed Off Woolly Mammoths ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have put forth many theories on why woolly mammoths and other large animals went extinct around 10,000 years ago, from the devastating effects of a comet impact to overhunting by humans. A new DNA-based study published in the journal Nature has found that the flowering plants these “megafauna” depended on disappeared from northern Asia and North America...

2014-01-10 10:42:58

An Oxford University study has concluded that our ancient ancestors who lived in East Africa between 2.4 million-1.4 million years ago mainly ate tiger nuts (grass bulbs) supplemented with the odd grasshopper and worm An Oxford University study has concluded that our ancient ancestors who lived in East Africa between 2.4 million-1.4 million years ago survived mainly on a diet of tiger nuts. Tiger nuts are edible grass bulbs still eaten in parts of the world today. The study published in...

Humanlike Features Discovered In 4.4M-Year-Old Ardipithecus Skull
2014-01-07 06:54:22

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The 4.4-million-year-old African species Ardipithecus ramidus, or "Ardi," is the focus of one of the most hotly debated issues in current human origins research. Scientists want to know how Ardi, an unusual primate, is related to the human lineage. The study, published in the online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), shows that although Ardi possessed a tiny brain and a grasping big toe for climbing...

reconstruction of Dormaalcyon latouri
2014-01-07 04:06:08

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Over 250 teeth and ankle bone fossils discovered in Belgium have allowed researchers to gain new insight into some of the best-known and most-loved mammals on Earth, according to a new study appearing in the latest edition of the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. According to the study authors, the group of mammals known as carnivoraforms (which includes creatures such as cats, dogs, bears and seals) can trace its roots back to...


Latest Cenozoic Reference Libraries

Mapinguari
2014-04-22 13:41:18

Mapinguari The mapinguari or mapinguary is an ape-like cryptid said to inhabit the Amazon rainforests of Brazil and Bolivia. It is also known as the Isnashi. Several attempts to find physical evidence that the creature exists have been conducted. Samples have been gathered, but when analyzed it was found to be from known animals and some of the castings of tracks were inconclusive. Native folklore has described the creature as having only one eye, long claws, backward feet, a...

Palaeovespa
2014-04-18 16:08:43

Palaeovespa is a genus of wasps that holds seven species, all of which are extinct. Two of the species were discovered in Baltic amber deposits from Europe dating back to the middle Eocene era, while the other five were found in Florissant Formation amber from the Priabonian stage era in Colorado in the United States. This genus, and four of its species, was first described in 1906 by Dr. Theodore Cockerell in the Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Cockerell described all but one...

Australopithecus garhi
2013-11-29 11:38:51

Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw ad Tim White, an American paleontologist. The remains are believed to be a human ancestor species and most likely the direct ancestor to the human genus Homo. Tim White was the scientist to find the first of the key A. garhi fossils in 1996 within the Bouri Formation found in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression....

Australopithecus africanus
2013-11-29 10:55:07

Australopithecus africanus was an early hominid, an australopithecine that lived between roughly 3.03 and 2.04 million years ago in the later Pliocene and early Pleistocene. Au. africanus was of slender build and was thought to have been a direct ancestor of modern humans. Fossil remains signify that Au. africanus was considerably more like modern humans that Au. afarensis, with a more human-like cranium permitting a larger brain and more humanoid facial features. This hominid has only been...

Neanderthals
2013-10-03 16:03:35

The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating back from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species gets its name from Neandertal, “Neander’s Valley”, the location in Germany where it was first uncovered. Neanderthals are classified either as a subspecies of Homo sapiens or as a distinct species of the...

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Word of the Day
bodacious
  • Remarkable; prodigious.
  • Audacious; gutsy.
  • Completely; extremely.
  • Audaciously; boldly.
  • Impressively great in size; enormous; extraordinary.
This word is probably from the dialectal 'boldacious,' a blend of 'bold' and 'audacious.'
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