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Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 17:20 EDT

Latest Cerebral cortex Stories

The Prenatal Origins Of Autism In The Developing Brain
2014-03-28 07:48:58

Rebekah Eliason for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Allen Institute for Brain Science provides evidence that the development of autism begins during pregnancy. For this study, 25 genes in the post-mortem brain tissue of children both with autism and without were analyzed. Researchers included Eric Courchesne, PhD, professor of neurosciences and director of the Autism Center of Excellence at UC San...

2014-02-20 12:08:38

Keep this in mind: Scientists say they've learned how your brain plucks information out of working memory when you decide to act. Say you're a busy mom trying to wrap up a work call now that you've arrived home. While you converse on your Bluetooth headset, one kid begs for an unspecified snack, another asks where his homework project has gone, and just then an urgent e-mail from your boss buzzes the phone in your purse. During the call's last few minutes these urgent requests — snack,...

Males Differ From Females In Specific Brain Structures
2014-02-12 13:09:03

University of Cambridge Reviewing over 20 years of neuroscience research into sex differences in brain structure, a Cambridge University team has conducted the first meta-analysis of the evidence, published this week in the prestigious journal Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. The team, led by doctoral candidate Amber Ruigrok and Professors John Suckling and Simon Baron-Cohen in the Department of Psychiatry, performed a quantitative review of the brain imaging literature testing...

Genetic Variation Linked To Intellectual Ability
2014-02-12 04:19:25

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Previous research studies have demonstrated that the thickness of the cerebral cortex, or “cortical thickness,” is closely related to intellectual ability, and a new study from scientists at King's College London has revealed a gene related to both cortical thickness and intelligence . Published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, the new study could help reveal the biological mechanisms behind some forms of intellectual...

Spending A Week In Darkness May Improve Hearing Loss
2014-02-06 06:02:44

[ Watch the Video: Lights Out For Your Hearing ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online It has long been known that if you take away once sense from a person, the other four will become more finely tuned. A new study, published in Neuron, reveals that minimizing a person's sight for as little as a week may help improve the brain's ability to process hearing. Stevie Wonder and Ray Charles – both blind musicians – are often cited by music experts as examples of how a...

2014-02-05 23:03:17

Simulated blindness gives adult mice sharper hearing, according to a study published today by University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University scientists. College Park, MD (PRWEB) February 05, 2014 Call it the Ray Charles Effect: a young child who is blind develops a keen ability to hear things others cannot. Researchers have known this can happen in the brains of the very young, which are malleable enough to re-wire some circuits that process sensory information. Now researchers at...

2014-01-15 10:34:13

Everybody feels pain differently, and brain structure may hold the clue to these differences. In a study published in the current online issue of the journal Pain, scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have shown that the brain's structure is related to how intensely people perceive pain. "We found that individual differences in the amount of grey matter in certain regions of the brain are related to how sensitive different people are to pain," said Robert Coghill, Ph.D.,...

2013-11-05 10:51:33

A paper published in a special edition of the journal Science proposes a novel understanding of brain architecture using a network representation of connections within the primate cortex. Zoltán Toroczkai, professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame and co-director of the Interdisciplinary Center for Network Science and Applications, is a co-author of the paper "Cortical High-Density Counterstream Architectures." Using brain-wide and consistent tracer data, the researchers...

2013-10-09 10:51:35

In a breakthrough for understanding brain evolution, neuroscientists have shown that differences between primate brains - from the tiny marmoset to human – can be largely explained as consequences of the same genetic program. In research published in the Journal of Neuroscience, Professor Marcello Rosa and his team at Monash University's School of Biomedical Sciences and colleagues at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, used computer modelling to demonstrate that the...

Socialness In Carnivores Linked To Size Of Frontal Cortex
2013-10-09 05:49:36

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A growing body of research from Michigan State University reveals that the region of the brain that makes humans and primates social creatures may play a similar role in carnivores. Sharleen Sakai, professor of neuroscience, has studied spotted hyenas, lions, and most recently the raccoon family to find a correlation between the size of the animals' frontal cortex and their social nature. The current study, published in the journal...


Latest Cerebral cortex Reference Libraries

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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