Latest Cerebral cortex Stories
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have published new data on why the aging brain is less resilient and less capable of learning from life experiences.
The human brain has yet to explain the origin of one its defining features â€“ the deep fissures and convolutions that increase its surface area and allow for rational and abstract thoughts.
Biologists at UC San Diego have discovered that electrical oscillations in the brain, long thought to play a role in organizing cognitive functions such as memory, are critically important for the brain to store the information that allows us to navigate through our physical environment.
The size and shape of the human cerebral cortex, an evolutionary marvel responsible for everything from Shakespeare's poetry to the atomic bomb, are largely influenced by mutations in a single gene.
By shedding new light on how cells migrate in the developing brain, researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center also may have found a new mechanism by which other types of cells, including cancer cells, travel within the body.
Model of Rett syndrome suggests a deficit in processing cues from the environment.
Scientists are developing a technique to map both the connections and functions of nerve cells in the brain together for the first time, bringing them closer to creating a computer model of the human brain.
Researchers seeking to unravel the most ancient yet least understood of the five senses â€“ smell â€“ have discovered a previously unknown step in how odors are detected and processed by the brain.
A new study is providing fascinating insight into how projections conveying sensory information in the brain are guided to their appropriate targets in different species.
In the cerebral cortex, the balance between excitation (pyramidal neurons) and inhibition (interneurons) is thought to be mediated by the primary mode of neuronal communication: "all-or-none" action potentials, or spikes.
Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...
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