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Latest Cerebral cortex Stories

Spending A Week In Darkness May Improve Hearing Loss
2014-02-06 06:02:44

[ Watch the Video: Lights Out For Your Hearing ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online It has long been known that if you take away once sense from a person, the other four will become more finely tuned. A new study, published in Neuron, reveals that minimizing a person's sight for as little as a week may help improve the brain's ability to process hearing. Stevie Wonder and Ray Charles – both blind musicians – are often cited by music experts as examples of how a...

2014-02-05 23:03:17

Simulated blindness gives adult mice sharper hearing, according to a study published today by University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University scientists. College Park, MD (PRWEB) February 05, 2014 Call it the Ray Charles Effect: a young child who is blind develops a keen ability to hear things others cannot. Researchers have known this can happen in the brains of the very young, which are malleable enough to re-wire some circuits that process sensory information. Now researchers at...

2014-01-15 10:34:13

Everybody feels pain differently, and brain structure may hold the clue to these differences. In a study published in the current online issue of the journal Pain, scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have shown that the brain's structure is related to how intensely people perceive pain. "We found that individual differences in the amount of grey matter in certain regions of the brain are related to how sensitive different people are to pain," said Robert Coghill, Ph.D.,...

2013-11-05 10:51:33

A paper published in a special edition of the journal Science proposes a novel understanding of brain architecture using a network representation of connections within the primate cortex. Zoltán Toroczkai, professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame and co-director of the Interdisciplinary Center for Network Science and Applications, is a co-author of the paper "Cortical High-Density Counterstream Architectures." Using brain-wide and consistent tracer data, the researchers...

2013-10-09 10:51:35

In a breakthrough for understanding brain evolution, neuroscientists have shown that differences between primate brains - from the tiny marmoset to human – can be largely explained as consequences of the same genetic program. In research published in the Journal of Neuroscience, Professor Marcello Rosa and his team at Monash University's School of Biomedical Sciences and colleagues at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, used computer modelling to demonstrate that the...

Socialness In Carnivores Linked To Size Of Frontal Cortex
2013-10-09 05:49:36

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A growing body of research from Michigan State University reveals that the region of the brain that makes humans and primates social creatures may play a similar role in carnivores. Sharleen Sakai, professor of neuroscience, has studied spotted hyenas, lions, and most recently the raccoon family to find a correlation between the size of the animals' frontal cortex and their social nature. The current study, published in the journal...

Chronic Dizziness May Be Helped By Magnetic Stimulation
2013-10-09 04:55:36

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine believe that they have located a specific site in the human brain that could be one of the sources of dizziness and spatial disorientation. While dizziness can also be linked to damage to the inner ear, or to other senses such as vision, neurology instructor Dr. Amir Kheradmand and his colleagues report that they have discovered a region of the brain that plays a...

2013-10-07 12:19:08

Inhibitory neuron type found to specifically suppress activation of other inhibitory neurons in cerebral cortex The cerebral cortex contains two major types of neurons: principal neurons that are excitatory and interneurons that are inhibitory, all interconnected within the same network. New research now reveals that one class of inhibitory neurons – called VIP interneurons -- specializes in inhibiting other inhibitory neurons in multiple regions of cortex, and does so under specific...

Spinning Doesn't Dizzy Ballerinas Due To Brain Conditioning
2013-09-27 13:46:12

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Spinning around in circles causes dizziness in most people, which could be a problem for figure skaters or ballerinas who must perform several spins during a typical routine. However, new research in the journal Cerebral Cortex indicates that ballerinas may have conditioned their brain to better handle a series of quick spins. Study researchers said their findings could be used to improve treatments for patients with chronic dizziness....

Bird Brain Map Gets Major Revisions
2013-09-18 08:24:14

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using state-of-the-art genetic and diagnostic tools, researchers from Duke University and the University of California, San Diego have re-contextualized the map of the avian brain, as described to two separate papers published in the Journal of Comparative Neurology. The researchers noted many similarities between the avian brain and mammalian brain – leading them to conclude that all vertebrates have more in common with respect to...


Latest Cerebral cortex Reference Libraries

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
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