Latest Cerebral cortex Stories
Sand-dwelling and rock-dwelling cichlids living in East Africa's Lake Malawi share a nearly identical genome, but have very different personalities. The territorial rock-dwellers live in communities where social interactions are important, while the sand-dwellers are itinerant and less aggressive.
New findings clarify where and how the brain's "slow waves" originate. These rhythmic signal pulses, which sweep through the brain during deep sleep at the rate of about one cycle per second, are assumed to play a role in processes such as consolidation of memory.
A new study has linked chronic migraines to brain abnormalities in the brain's outer cortex in the individual experiencing them. These abnormalities can exist from before birth or can be the result of later developmental issues.
A region of the brain known to play a key role in visual and spatial processing has a parallel function: sorting visual information into categories.
More than 100 years ago, scientists discovered a mechanism that provides feedback from our nose to our brain.
Humans perceive numerous categories of objects and actions, but where are these categories represented spatially in the brain?
Inside the brains of mice and men alike, a relatively big football-shaped region called the thalamus acts like a switchboard, providing the prefrontal cortex, the part that does abstract thinking and decision-making, with most of its information.
The cerebral cortex of the human brain has been called "the crowning achievement of evolution."
How our brains encode thoughts, such as perceptions and memories, at the cellular level is one of the biggest puzzles in neuroscience today.
Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...
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