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Latest Cerebrum Stories

2013-07-23 12:29:37

Neural stem cells proliferate in the subventricular zone and hippocampal dentate gyrus of adult mammals. However, the number of endogenous neural stem cells is insufficient to prevent cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injuries such as vascular dementia, so it is important to stimulate endogenous neural stem cell proliferation and differentiation. The ginkgo biloba extract EGb761 effectively and safely treats memory loss and cognitive impairments in patients with senile dementia. Prof. Yuliang...

2013-07-23 10:49:27

Research could have direct application for treating human drinking problems A research team led by scientists from the Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center at the University of California, San Francisco has identified circuitry in the brain that drives compulsive drinking in rats, and likely plays a similar role in humans. The scientists found they could reduce compulsive drinking in rats by inhibiting key neural pathways that run between the prefrontal cortex, which is involved with...

Unique Brain Pathway Allows Us To Learn Languages
2013-07-23 04:39:19

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A neural pathway unique to humans allows us to learn new words and languages, European scientists reported on Monday. Experts have long believed language acquisition - a distinctively human ability - depends on the integration of information between motor and auditory representation of words in the brain, although the precise neural mechanisms behind this interaction remained unclear. In the current study, researchers from the...

Mental Illness Gene Treatment Schizophrenia
2013-07-16 09:13:45

Rebekah Eliason for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study involving brain impaired mice has the potential to improve therapy for people suffering from schizophrenia and major depressive disorder. While further research is necessary, this discovery is already being heralded as a major step toward understanding a variety of mental illnesses. The brain's prefrontal cortex, located in the anterior section of the frontal lobes, is associated with executive functions that help...

2013-07-11 11:04:50

Several human and animal studies have shown a relationship between a preference for highly sweet tastes and alcohol use disorders. Furthermore, the brain mechanisms of sweet-taste responses may share common neural pathways with responses to alcohol and other drugs. A new study using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has found that recent drinking is related to the orbitofrontal-region brain response to an intensely sweet stimulus, a brain response that may serve as an important...

2013-07-02 11:15:23

A key brain structure that regulates emotions works differently in preschoolers with depression compared with their healthy peers, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The differences, measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), provide the earliest evidence yet of changes in brain function in young children with depression. The researchers say the findings could lead to ways to identify and treat depressed children earlier in...

2013-07-01 15:07:21

Anyone who's ever heard a Beethoven sonata or a Beatles song knows how powerfully sound can affect our emotions. But it can work the other way as well – our emotions can actually affect how we hear and process sound. When certain types of sounds become associated in our brains with strong emotions, hearing similar sounds can evoke those same feelings, even far removed from their original context. It's a phenomenon commonly seen in combat veterans suffering from...

Salk-Gladstone Study Helps Scientists Decode Circuitry That Guides Brain Function
2013-06-28 09:51:01

Salk Institute The power of the brain lies in its trillions of intercellular connections, called synapses that together form complex neural "networks." While neuroscientists have long sought to map these individual connections to see how they influence specific brain functions, traditional techniques have been unsuccessful. Now, scientists at the Salk Institute and the Gladstone Institutes, using an innovative brain- tracing technique, have found a way to untangle these networks. These...

2013-06-27 23:26:45

A recent CIO article contains some interesting information the author gleaned from public sector leaders while researching his new book: emotional intelligence (EI) was the almost universal answer to the question of what leadership capabilities will be most important. This comes as little surprise to Andrea Zintz, Ph.D., president of Strategic Leadership Resources, which provides high potential leadership development, and is timely given that she’s just released her views on how and why...

2013-06-25 13:31:58

Various areas of the brain process our sensory experiences. How the areas of the cerebral cortex communicate with each other and process sensory information has long puzzled neuroscientists. Exploring the sense of touch in mice, brain researchers from the University of Zurich now demonstrate that the transmission of sensory information from one cortical area to connected areas depends on the specific task to solve and the goal-directed behavior. These findings can serve as a basis for an...


Latest Cerebrum Reference Libraries

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
monteith
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'
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