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Latest Cerebrum Stories

Confidence Starts In The Brain
2012-12-10 05:31:59

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online If it seems as though some people are more confident in the decisions that they make than others, it's because of differences in how their brains are wired, a team of UK researchers have discovered. Writing in the journal Nature Neuroscience, Professor Ray Dolan and colleagues from the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at University College London (UCL) have pinpointed the specific regions of the brain that work together to...

2012-12-05 12:55:24

Where the nonspecific thalamus meets the prefrontal cortex Inside the brains of mice and men alike, a relatively big football-shaped region called the thalamus acts like a switchboard, providing the prefrontal cortex, the part that does abstract thinking and decision-making, with most of its information. The thalamus's responsibility even includes helping the prefrontal cortex to maintain consciousness and arousal. Essential as this "thalamocortical" partnership is, neuroscientists have...

Effects Of Alcohol On Brains Of Unborn Children Studied
2012-11-25 07:54:36

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Drinking during pregnancy can have a severe, adverse effect on the central nervous systems of children after birth, researchers from Poland have discovered. The study, which was presented Sunday at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), looked at 200 children who were exposed to alcohol during their fetal stage, as well as 30 other kids whose mothers did not drink while pregnant or during...

2012-11-23 10:56:34

They show how embryonic origin and timing influence cell specification and network integration The cerebral cortex of the human brain has been called "the crowning achievement of evolution." Ironically, it is so complex that even our greatest minds and most sophisticated science are only now beginning to understand how it organizes itself in early development, and how its many cell types function together as circuits. A major step toward this great goal in neuroscience has been taken by...

Brain Waves And The Neural Basis Of Consciousness
2012-11-22 07:00:49

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online How our brains encode thoughts, such as perceptions and memories, at the cellular level is one of the biggest puzzles in neuroscience today. One theory suggests that ensembles of neurons represent each unique piece of information. No one knows, however, just what these ensembles look like, or how they form. A new study, published in a recent issue of Neuron, sheds light on how neural ensembles form thoughts and support the...

How The Brain Affects Quick Judgments In Social Settings
2012-11-13 12:51:09

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online We make snap judgments about other people all the time, whether we like to admit it or not. In speed dating, this is especially true because we are deciding someone's romantic potential in relatively few seconds. How we make those fast decisions is not very well understood, however. A research team from the California Institute of Technology (CALTECH) and Trinity College, Dublin has found that people make such speed-dating...

Stress During Infancy Affects Brain Development Of Females
2012-11-13 06:16:34

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison recently discovered that early family stress during infancy could be related to changes that occur in the daily brain function and anxiety of teenage girls. The data was pooled from a population study that looked at the relationship between stress and the developmental pathway of the brain. For female infants who lived in homes with stressed out mothers, they were more likely...


Latest Cerebrum Reference Libraries

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
mundungus
  • A stinking tobacco.
  • Offal; waste animal product; organic matter unfit for consumption.
This word comes from the Spanish 'mondongo,' tripe, entrails.