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Latest Cerebrum Stories

2013-02-13 17:27:52

Scientists at UC Santa Barbara are researching cocaine addiction, part of a widespread problem, which, along with other addictions, costs billions of dollars in damage to individuals, families, and society. Laboratory studies at UCSB have revealed that the diminished brain function and learning impairment that result from cocaine addiction can be treated —— and that learning can be restored. Karen Szumlinski, a professor in the Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences...

How Unconscious Processing Improves Decision-making Shown By Brain Imaging Research
2013-02-13 10:30:00

Carnegie Mellon University When faced with a difficult decision, it is often suggested to "sleep on it" or take a break from thinking about the decision in order to gain clarity. But new brain imaging research from Carnegie Mellon University, published in the journal "Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience," finds that the brain regions responsible for making decisions continue to be active even when the conscious brain is distracted with a different task. The research provides...

2013-02-06 12:59:20

Researchers at the Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, Fujita Health University and the National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Japan, along with colleagues from 9 other institutions, have identified an exceptional mouse model of schizophrenia. After screening over 160 mutant mouse strains with a systematic battery of behavioral tests, they identified a mutant mouse lacking the Schnurri-2 protein (Shn-2 KO) that exhibits behavioral deficits and other brain features consistent...

Neuroscientists Locate Fear Memory In The Amygdala
2013-01-29 04:47:29

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A noise in the dark, a rustle in the undergrowth; these are sounds likely to make an animal or a person stop sharply and be still, anticipating a predator. Freezing is part of the natural fear response, a reaction to a stimulus in the environment and part of how the brain decides whether to be afraid of it. A new study released by a neuroscience group at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) examines how fear responses are learned,...

Poor Sleep Linked To Memory Loss
2013-01-28 05:02:44

[ Watch the Video: Good Sleep Equals Good Memory ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A lack of quality, deep sleep could play a vital role in the memory loss sometimes experienced by older men and women, scientists at the University of California, Berkeley have discovered. Matthew Walker, an associate professor of psychology and neuroscience at UC Berkeley, and colleagues discovered that the brain waves generated during slow-wave sleep help move memories from...

Emotional Intelligence Linked To General Intelligence Says Study
2013-01-23 09:29:00

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Scientists from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign recently studied emotional intelligence by focusing on combat-related brain injures in 152 Vietnam veterans. The researchers believe that this is the first study to provide a detailed look at how different brain regions can affect emotional intelligence. With emotional intelligence, individuals can process emotional information and work through various parts of...

Brain Structure Can Predict Language Learning Ability
2013-01-23 06:18:56

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new study from the University of Washington (UW) that incorporated a brain-imaging technique on the whole infant brain revealed that there are certain parts of the brain, such as the hippocampus and cerebellum, that can help predict a child's language abilities when they are one year old. The researchers believe that their study is the first to link specific brains structures with language learning ability, and the findings...

2013-01-16 22:12:53

Findings also illustrate how individuals can train their brains to handle injuries more efficiently For the first time, scientists at Carnegie Mellon University's Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging (CCBI) have used a new combination of neural imaging methods to discover exactly how the human brain adapts to injury. The research, published in Cerebral Cortex, shows that when one brain area loses functionality, a "back-up" team of secondary brain areas immediately activates, replacing not...

2013-01-15 10:52:58

EPFL scientists find evidence that psychological wounds inflicted when young leave lasting biological traces–and a predisposition toward violence later in life It is well known that violent adults often have a history of childhood psychological trauma. Some of these individuals exhibit very real, physical alterations in a part of the brain called the orbitofrontal cortex. Yet a direct link between such early trauma and neurological changes has been difficult to find, until now....

2013-01-12 05:02:29

MDSave, a Nashville-based web service that provides users with the ability to obtain high-quality medical care at discount prices, is announcing a three week campaign to generate funds for Second Harvest Food Bank of Middle Tennessee. For every like the company's Facebook page gets until the end of the month, MDSave will donate $1 (enough to pay for four entire meals) to the non-profit that fights hunger across the nation. Nashville, TN (PRWEB) January 11, 2013 MDSave, a Nashville-based...


Latest Cerebrum Reference Libraries

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'