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Latest Cerebrum Stories

2013-01-12 05:02:29

MDSave, a Nashville-based web service that provides users with the ability to obtain high-quality medical care at discount prices, is announcing a three week campaign to generate funds for Second Harvest Food Bank of Middle Tennessee. For every like the company's Facebook page gets until the end of the month, MDSave will donate $1 (enough to pay for four entire meals) to the non-profit that fights hunger across the nation. Nashville, TN (PRWEB) January 11, 2013 MDSave, a Nashville-based...

Memory Molecule Theory Debunked By New Study
2013-01-02 16:21:26

Jedidiah Becker for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A recent study by neuroscientists at Johns Hopkins University has torn the bottom out of a widely accepted theory about how the brain creates memories. The old paradigm held that the ability to form long-term memories depended largely on the activity of a single enzyme in the brain, a notion that now appears to be entirely incorrect. In a report of their research published in the January 2 issue of the journal Nature, the...

Understanding The Nose
2012-12-19 18:59:17

Michael Harper for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Science is a magnificent thing and yet, there is still so much we don´t yet understand. For instance, scientists are still working to fully understand the part of our body that resides right in front of our face. More than 100 years ago, scientists discovered a mechanism that provides feedback from our nose to our brain. Though these scientists discovered this mechanism, they weren´t yet able to fully understand how it...

How The Brain Categorizes Thousands Of Objects And Actions Revealed By New Study
2012-12-19 16:52:49

Cell Press [ Watch The Video ] Humans perceive numerous categories of objects and actions, but where are these categories represented spatially in the brain? Researchers reporting in the December 20 issue of the Cell Press journal Neuron present their study that undertook the remarkable task of determining how the brain maps over a thousand object and action categories when subjects watched natural movie clips. The results demonstrate that the brain efficiently represents the diversity...

Decision-Making Driven By Prefrontal Cortex And Dopamine
2012-12-18 16:21:54

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online One of the unique features of the human mind is its ability re-prioritize its goals and priorities as situations change and new information arises. This happens when you cancel a planned cruise because you need the money to repair your broke-down car, or when you interrupt your morning jog because your cell phone is ringing in your pocket. In a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS),...

Confidence Starts In The Brain
2012-12-10 05:31:59

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online If it seems as though some people are more confident in the decisions that they make than others, it's because of differences in how their brains are wired, a team of UK researchers have discovered. Writing in the journal Nature Neuroscience, Professor Ray Dolan and colleagues from the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at University College London (UCL) have pinpointed the specific regions of the brain that work together to...

2012-12-05 12:55:24

Where the nonspecific thalamus meets the prefrontal cortex Inside the brains of mice and men alike, a relatively big football-shaped region called the thalamus acts like a switchboard, providing the prefrontal cortex, the part that does abstract thinking and decision-making, with most of its information. The thalamus's responsibility even includes helping the prefrontal cortex to maintain consciousness and arousal. Essential as this "thalamocortical" partnership is, neuroscientists have...

Effects Of Alcohol On Brains Of Unborn Children Studied
2012-11-25 07:54:36

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Drinking during pregnancy can have a severe, adverse effect on the central nervous systems of children after birth, researchers from Poland have discovered. The study, which was presented Sunday at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), looked at 200 children who were exposed to alcohol during their fetal stage, as well as 30 other kids whose mothers did not drink while pregnant or during...

2012-11-23 10:56:34

They show how embryonic origin and timing influence cell specification and network integration The cerebral cortex of the human brain has been called "the crowning achievement of evolution." Ironically, it is so complex that even our greatest minds and most sophisticated science are only now beginning to understand how it organizes itself in early development, and how its many cell types function together as circuits. A major step toward this great goal in neuroscience has been taken by...


Latest Cerebrum Reference Libraries

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
cacodemon
  • An evil spirit; a devil.
  • A nightmare.
  • In astrology, the twelfth house of a scheme or figure of the heavens: so called from its signifying dreadful things, such as secret enemies, great losses, imprisonment, etc.
'Cacodemon' comes from a Greek term meaning 'evil genius.'
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