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Latest Cerebrum Stories

2012-10-11 11:23:50

MINNEAPOLIS, Oct. 11, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- The Minnesota Vikings, Second Harvest Heartland and UnitedHealthcare are teaming up once again to help tackle senior hunger in the Twin Cities. Viktor the Viking, Minnesota Vikings cheerleaders and Vikings players, including Chris Kluwe, will join 180 UnitedHealthcare employees Tuesday, Oct. 16 from 2 - 3 p.m. for a volunteer food-packing event at Second Harvest Heartland West, located at 6325 Sandburg Road in Golden Valley. On Sunday, Oct. 21, 150...

The Sleeping Brain Behaves As If It's Remembering Something
2012-10-08 07:17:17

UCLA researchers have for the first time measured the activity of a brain region known to be involved in learning, memory and Alzheimer's disease during sleep. They discovered that this part of the brain behaves as if it's remembering something, even under anesthesia, a finding that counters conventional theories about memory consolidation during sleep. The research team simultaneously measured the activity of single neurons from multiple parts of the brain involved in memory formation....

Bird Brains Help In Study Of The Mammalian Neocortex
2012-10-02 11:02:13

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Humans and other mammals have a seemingly unique part of the brain called the neocortex, which is a layered structure on the outer surface where higher-order processing is thought to occur. A new study from the University of Chicago found similar cells in the brains of birds, but in a vastly different anatomical structure. Confirming a 50-year hypothesis about the identity of a mysterious structure in the bird brain, the new study...

Fear Is Hard To Forget For Adolescents
2012-09-28 08:44:42

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College recently discovered that fear is difficult for teenagers to remove, as they may feel a strong sense of threat even when the danger is gone. It is possible that stress and anxiety is highest at this time and the study is the first to examine “fear acquisition” and “fear extinction learning” in the brains of mice, which are somewhat similar to the neural networks...

Food Choices Are Controlled By The Brain
2012-09-27 09:43:07

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) recently discovered that an individual´s internal struggle to choose between healthy and unhealthy food items is based off of neural processes in the brain. The findings of the study were recently published in The Journal of Neuroscience. "We seem to have independent systems capable of guiding our decisions, and in situations like this one, these systems...

Chocolate Cravings Connected To Brain
2012-09-21 08:50:55

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new study has revealed that the brain might have chocolate temptations due to the production of a natural chemical that is similar to opium. The researchers looked at a group of rats to better understand the urge to overeat chocolate candies. They injected a drug that sent an artificial boost to the neostriatum, a region in the brain. With the injection, the rats ate more than double the number of M&M chocolates than they...

2012-09-19 16:45:40

Scientists have discovered the first direct evidence that a biological mechanism long suspected in epilepsy is capable of triggering the brain seizures — opening the door for studies to seek improved treatments or even preventative therapies. Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center report Sept. 19 in Neuron that molecular disruptions in small neurons called granule cells — located in the dentate gyrus region of the brain — caused brain seizures in...

2012-09-19 06:27:47

CINCINNATI, Sept. 19, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Scientists have discovered the first direct evidence that a biological mechanism long suspected in epilepsy is capable of triggering brain seizures - opening the door for studies to seek improved treatments or even preventative therapies. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20110406/MM79025LOGO) Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center report Sept. 19 in Neuron that molecular disruptions in small neurons called...

2012-09-10 23:14:15

Research in October issue of Nature Neuroscience sheds new light on the mechanics of memory Ben W. Strowbridge, PhD, Professor of Neurosciences and Physiology/Biophysics, and Robert A. Hyde, a fourth year MD/PhD student in the neurosciences graduate program at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, have discovered how to store diverse forms of artificial short-term memories in isolated brain tissue. "This is the first time anyone has found a way to store information over...

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2012-09-04 19:01:38

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Scientists have finally confirmed what most have already known for generations and generations, men and women see things differently. Scientists reported in the journal Biology of Sex Differences that men have greater sensitivity to fine detail and rapidly moving stimuli, but women are better at discriminating between colors. Researchers from Brooklyn and Hunter Colleges of the City University of New York compared the vision...


Latest Cerebrum Reference Libraries

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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