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Latest Cerebrum Stories

2014-02-20 12:08:38

Keep this in mind: Scientists say they've learned how your brain plucks information out of working memory when you decide to act. Say you're a busy mom trying to wrap up a work call now that you've arrived home. While you converse on your Bluetooth headset, one kid begs for an unspecified snack, another asks where his homework project has gone, and just then an urgent e-mail from your boss buzzes the phone in your purse. During the call's last few minutes these urgent requests — snack,...

Deep Brain Region Controls How Quickly We Make Decisions About Love
2014-02-14 12:47:19

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a study published in the journal Current Trends in Neurology, a region found deep within the brain is able to control how quickly people make decisions about love. The research is the first to provide causal clinical evidence that an area of the brain known as the anterior insula plays an instrumental role in love. “The current work makes it possible to disentangle love from other biological drives,” the authors...

MRI Study Shows How The Brain Finds Beauty In Mathematics
2014-02-13 12:39:43

Peter Suciu for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online To many people math is work, often times hard work. Yet for those who appreciate the beauty of mathematics it can activate the same part of the brain that can appreciate great art or music. To those math lovers an aesthetically pleasing formula is art, and this now suggests that there could be a neurobiological basis to beauty. Thus beauty is truly in the eyes of the beholder, and researchers from University College London, Imperial...

Males Differ From Females In Specific Brain Structures
2014-02-12 13:09:03

University of Cambridge Reviewing over 20 years of neuroscience research into sex differences in brain structure, a Cambridge University team has conducted the first meta-analysis of the evidence, published this week in the prestigious journal Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. The team, led by doctoral candidate Amber Ruigrok and Professors John Suckling and Simon Baron-Cohen in the Department of Psychiatry, performed a quantitative review of the brain imaging literature testing...

Genetic Variation Linked To Intellectual Ability
2014-02-12 04:19:25

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Previous research studies have demonstrated that the thickness of the cerebral cortex, or “cortical thickness,” is closely related to intellectual ability, and a new study from scientists at King's College London has revealed a gene related to both cortical thickness and intelligence . Published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, the new study could help reveal the biological mechanisms behind some forms of intellectual...

Spending A Week In Darkness May Improve Hearing Loss
2014-02-06 06:02:44

[ Watch the Video: Lights Out For Your Hearing ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online It has long been known that if you take away once sense from a person, the other four will become more finely tuned. A new study, published in Neuron, reveals that minimizing a person's sight for as little as a week may help improve the brain's ability to process hearing. Stevie Wonder and Ray Charles – both blind musicians – are often cited by music experts as examples of how a...

2014-02-05 23:03:17

Simulated blindness gives adult mice sharper hearing, according to a study published today by University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University scientists. College Park, MD (PRWEB) February 05, 2014 Call it the Ray Charles Effect: a young child who is blind develops a keen ability to hear things others cannot. Researchers have known this can happen in the brains of the very young, which are malleable enough to re-wire some circuits that process sensory information. Now researchers at...

Brain Edits, Splices Past Memories With Current Events
2014-02-05 10:26:18

[ Watch the Video: Brains Edits Past Memories ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While we may like to think of our brains as a video camera that records events exactly as they happen, a new study from scientists at Northwestern University has found that the brain acts more like an editing studio, cutting and splicing past events based on present circumstances. "When you think back to when you met your current partner, you may recall this feeling of love and...

3D Model Of The World's Most Famous Amnesiac's Brain
2014-01-29 05:33:30

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The brain of the famous amnesiac Henry Gustav Molaison, who died in 2008, has been painstakingly digitized in 3D, and is now available to explore online right down to the cellular architecture. Molaison is one of the most famous patients in the history of brain research. In 1953, an experimental surgery intended to relieve his severe epilepsy rendered him with the unexpected ability to remember events and facts he knew before the...

Brain Similarities In Humans And Monkeys
2014-01-29 04:46:02

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from Oxford University researchers suggests a surprising degree of similarity in the organization of brain regions that control language and complex thought processes in humans and monkeys, as well as key differences. The team's finding demonstrate valuable insights into the evolutionary processes that established the link between humans and other primates and what made humans distinctly different. "We tend to think that...


Latest Cerebrum Reference Libraries

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
cock-a-hoop
  • Exultant; jubilant; triumphant; on the high horse.
  • Tipsy; slightly intoxicated.
This word may come from the phrase 'to set cock on hoop,' or 'to drink festively.' Its origin otherwise is unclear. A theory, according to the Word Detective, is that it's a 'transliteration of the French phrase 'coq a huppe,' meaning a rooster displaying its crest ('huppe') in a pose of proud defiance.' Therefore, 'cock-a-hoop' would 'liken a drunken man to a boastful and aggressive rooster.'
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