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Latest Chemical oceanography Stories

low-oxygen zone
2014-08-11 03:00:40

Hannah Hickey, University of Washington As the complex story of climate change unfolds, many of the endings are grim. But there are exceptions. Predictions that the lowest-oxygen environments in the ocean would get worse may not come to pass. Instead, University of Washington research shows climate change, as it weakens the trade winds, could shrink the size of these extreme low-oxygen waters. "The tropics should actually get better oxygenated as the climate warms up," said Curtis...

Burrowing Animals May Have Been Key To Stabilizing Earth's Oxygen Reservoir
2014-08-08 03:22:57

University of Southern Denmark Evolution of the first burrowing animals may have played a major role in stabilizing the Earth's oxygen reservoir, according to a new study in Nature Geoscience. Around 540 million years ago, the first burrowing animals evolved. When these worms began to mix up the ocean floor's sediments (a process known as bioturbation), their activity came to significantly influence the ocean's phosphorus cycle and as a result, the amount of oxygen in Earth's...

Gulf of Mexico dead zone
2014-08-06 02:00:11

NOAA Headquarters Mapped size confirms NOAA forecast for an average-sized hypoxia zone this year NOAA- and EPA-supported scientists have mapped the Gulf of Mexico dead zone, an area with low oxygen water, measuring 5,052 square miles this summer  — approximately the size of Connecticut. The measurements were taken during the 30th annual hypoxia survey cruise from July 27 to August 2. This area falls within the predicted range of 4,633 to 5,708 square miles forecast by a suite of...

2014-07-17 12:22:22

WASHINGTON, July 17, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA embarks this week on a coordinated ship and aircraft observation campaign off the Atlantic coast of the United States, an effort to advance space-based capabilities for monitoring microscopic plants that form the base of the marine food chain. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO Phytoplankton, tiny ocean plants that absorb carbon dioxide and deliver oxygen to Earth's atmosphere, play a major role in the...

Modern Ocean Acidification Is Outpacing Ancient Upheaval
2014-06-03 15:48:09

Columbia University Rate May Be Ten Times Faster, According to New Data Some 56 million years ago, a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring. In the oceans, carbonate sediments dissolved, some organisms went extinct and others evolved. Scientists have long suspected that ocean acidification caused the crisis—similar to today, as manmade CO2 combines with seawater to change its chemistry. Now, for the first time, scientists have...

coastal dead zone
2014-05-19 12:44:34

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Containing dissolved oxygen concentrations of less than 2 or 3 parts per million, hypoxic waters in estuaries and sections of coastline are essentially “dead zones” where life cannot exist. According to a new study in the journal Nature Geoscience, iron discharged from continental sediments acts as a limiting switch that could prevent coastal waters from creating a runaway feedback loop that leads to less and less dissolved oxygen...

Ocean Acidity Is Dissolving Shells Of Tiny Snails Off The US West Coast
2014-05-01 03:41:37

NOAA A NOAA-led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free-swimming marine snails, called pteropods, which provide food for pink salmon, mackerel and herring, according to a new paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Researchers estimate that the percentage of pteropods in this region with dissolving shells due to ocean acidification has doubled in the nearshore habitat...

Oxygen Depletion In Baltic Sea Is 10 Times Worse Than A Hundred Years Ago
2014-04-01 14:34:17

Aarhus University This news release is available in German. After several years of discussions, researchers from Aarhus University (Denmark), Lund University (Sweden) and Stockholm University (Sweden) have determined that nutrients from the land are the main cause of widespread areas of oxygen depletion. The results were published on 31 March in the prestigious American journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Nutrients are the villain The deepest areas of the...

Reimagining How Earth Emerged Out Of Ice Age
2014-03-19 14:15:38

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers, publishing a paper in the journal Nature, say rapid erosion in mountain regions could explain why the Earth isn’t essentially still a snowball. Scientists have long believed that rocks pushed up to the surface by plate tectonics absorbed atmospheric carbon dioxide, and volcanic processes are what helps to emit this CO2. However, despite this theory and a variety of other hypotheses being put forward to balance the...

Ocean Food Web Plays Key Role In The Global Carbon Cycle
2014-03-12 10:39:50

University of California - Santa Barbara Nothing dies of old age in the ocean. Everything gets eaten and all that remains of anything is waste. But that waste is pure gold to oceanographer David Siegel, director of the Earth Research Institute at UC Santa Barbara. In a study of the ocean's role in the global carbon cycle, Siegel and his colleagues used those nuggets to their advantage. They incorporated the lifecycle of phytoplankton and zooplankton — small, often microscopic animals...


Latest Chemical oceanography Reference Libraries

Ocean Acidification
2013-04-01 10:32:20

Ocean acidification is the name that was given to the ongoing decrease in the pH of Earth’s oceans, a cause of the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. About 30 to 40 percent of the carbon dioxide that is released by humans into the atmosphere dissolves into the lakes, oceans, and rivers. To maintain the chemical equilibrium, some of it reacts with the water to create carbonic acid. Some of these extra carbonic acid molecules react with a water molecule to provide a...

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Word of the Day
pungle
  • To take pains; labor assiduously with little progress.
This word comes from the Spanish 'pongale,' put it.
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