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Latest Chemical oceanography Stories

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2010-05-19 08:10:00

European Science Foundation presents ocean acidification report at EU Maritime Day 2010 Ten years ago, ocean acidification was a phenomenon only known to small group of ocean scientists. It's now recognized as the hidden partner of climate change, prompting calls for an urgent, substantial reduction in carbon emissions to reduce future impacts. The 'Impacts of Ocean Acidification' science policy briefing presented by the European Science Foundation on May 20 for European Maritime Day 2010...

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2010-04-22 11:40:00

WASHINGTON -- The changing chemistry of the world's oceans is a growing global problem, says the summary of a congressionally requested study by the National Research Council, which adds that unless man-made carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are substantially curbed, or atmospheric CO2 is controlled by some other means, the ocean will continue to become more acidic. The long-term consequences of ocean acidification on marine life are unknown, but many ecosystem changes are expected to result....

2010-04-14 15:54:00

Conservation District, Government Leaders Will Offer Tips on Nutrient Trading HARRISBURG, Pa., April 14 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A webinar to be held from 9:30 a.m. to noon on Friday, April 16, will provide producers and business leaders with information about Pennsylvania's nutrient trading program and other conservation practices. "Each of us has a shared responsibility to protect Pennsylvania's natural resources as well as the national treasure in our backyard - the Chesapeake Bay,"...

2010-04-07 08:49:56

Deep under the Mediterranean Sea small animals have been discovered that live their entire lives without oxygen and surrounded by 'poisonous' sulphides. Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Biology report the existence of multicellular organisms (new members of the group Loricifera), showing that they are alive, metabolically active, and apparently reproducing in spite of a complete absence of oxygen. Roberto Danovaro, from the Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy,...

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2010-03-24 11:12:55

Some regions of the deep ocean floor support abundant populations of organisms, despite being overlain by water that contains very little oxygen, according to an international study led by scientists at the United Kingdom's National Oceanography Center, Southampton. But global warming is likely to exacerbate oxygen depletion and thereby reduce biodiversity in these regions, they warn. The sunlit surface waters tend to be well oxygenated as a result of their connection with the atmosphere....

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2010-03-12 08:42:24

As oxygen-deprived waters increase, they emit more greenhouse gasses into atmosphere The increased frequency and intensity of oxygen-deprived "dead zones" along the world's coasts can negatively impact environmental conditions in far more than just local waters. In the March 12 edition of the journal Science, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science oceanographer Dr. Lou Codispoti explains that the increased amount of nitrous oxide (N2O) produced in low-oxygen (hypoxic) waters...

2010-03-08 12:57:39

Acantharian cyst sedimentation Spore-like reproductive cysts of enigmatic organisms called acantharians rapidly sink from surface waters to the deep ocean in certain regions, according to new research. Scientists suspect that this is part of an extraordinary reproductive strategy, which allows juveniles to exploit a seasonal food bonanza. The research shows that deep sedimentation of cysts during the spring delivers significant amounts of organic matter to the ocean depths, providing a...

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2010-02-16 16:39:50

Two studies provide clearer picture of how carbon cycle was dramatically affected long ago Geoengineering -- deliberate manipulation of the Earth's climate to slow or reverse global warming -- has gained a foothold in the climate change discussion. But before effective action can be taken, the Earth's natural biogeochemical cycles must be better understood. Two Northwestern University studies, both published online recently by Nature Geoscience, contribute new -- and related -- clues as to...

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2010-02-05 13:56:54

The chemical composition of our oceans is not constant but has varied significantly over geological time. In a study published this week in Science, researchers describe a novel method for reconstructing past ocean chemistry using calcium carbonate veins that precipitate from seawater-derived fluids in rocks beneath the seafloor. The research was led by scientists from the University of Southampton's School of Ocean and Earth Science (SOES) hosted at the National Oceanography Centre,...

2010-02-04 14:29:09

The increasing acidity of the world's oceans - and that acidity's growing threat to marine species - are definitive proof that the atmospheric carbon dioxide that is causing climate change is also negatively affecting the marine environment, says world-renowned Antarctic marine biologist Jim McClintock, Ph.D., professor in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Department of Biology. "The oceans are a sink for the carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere," says McClintock,...


Latest Chemical oceanography Reference Libraries

Ocean Acidification
2013-04-01 10:32:20

Ocean acidification is the name that was given to the ongoing decrease in the pH of Earth’s oceans, a cause of the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. About 30 to 40 percent of the carbon dioxide that is released by humans into the atmosphere dissolves into the lakes, oceans, and rivers. To maintain the chemical equilibrium, some of it reacts with the water to create carbonic acid. Some of these extra carbonic acid molecules react with a water molecule to provide a...

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Word of the Day
call-note
  • The call or cry of a bird or other animal to its mate or its young.
'Call-note' is newer than 'bird-call,' which originally referred to 'an instrument for imitating the note of birds' but now also refers to 'the song or cry of a bird.'
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