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Latest Chemical oceanography Stories

Feast And Famine For Animals Living On The Abyssal Plain
2013-11-12 11:57:06

[ Watch The Video: Feast and Famine on the Abyssal Plain ] Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute Animals living on the abyssal plains, miles below the ocean surface, don’t usually get much to eat. Their main source of food is ”marine snow”—a slow drift of mucus, fecal pellets, and body parts—that sinks down from the surface waters. However, researchers have long been puzzled by the fact that, over the long term, the steady fall of marine snow cannot account for all the...

Toxic Ocean Conditions During Ancient Extinction Event Analyzed
2013-10-30 04:24:55

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Toxic oxygen-free and hydrogen sulfide-rich ocean conditions that existed during a major extinction event nearly 94 million years ago could repeat themselves in the future, according to new research being published online this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Research, led by biogeochemists at the University of California, Riverside, suggests that the previous estimates of these oxygen-free,...

Receding Ice Exposes Seawater To Carbon Dioxide, Driving Ocean Acidification In The Arctic Ocean
2013-09-13 12:12:21

University of South Florida (USF Health) Acidification of the Arctic Ocean is occurring faster than projected according to new findings published in the journal PLoS One. The increase in rate is being blamed on rapidly melting sea ice, a process that may have important consequences for health of the Arctic ecosystem. Ocean acidification is the process by which pH levels of seawater decrease due to greater amounts of carbon dioxide being absorbed by the oceans from the atmosphere....

X Prize For Measuring Ocean Health
2013-09-10 11:15:29

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Global warming alarmists and deniers alike can probably agree on at least one thing: Scientists need the most accurate data and tools to make their climate assessments. In pursuit of more accurate climate data, the X Prize Foundation has announced a $2-million competition designed to kick-start technology innovations surrounding the accurate measuring of oceanic pH. Climatologists have been warning that the world's oceans are...

Carbon-sequestering Ocean Plants May Handle Climate Changes Over The Long Run
2013-08-26 14:33:35

San Francisco State University A year-long experiment on tiny ocean organisms called coccolithophores suggests that the single-celled algae may still be able to grow their calcified shells even as oceans grow warmer and more acidic in Earth's near future. The study stands in contrast to earlier studies suggesting that coccolithophores would fail to build strong shells in acidic waters. The world's oceans are expected to become more acidic as human activities pump increasing amounts of...

Material Fluxes Decoded In The Tropical Ocean
2013-08-02 13:21:50

Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR) Turbulent processes provide important contribution to oxygen supply How is vital oxygen supplied to the tropical ocean? For the first time, oceanographers at GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel were able to make quantitative statements regarding this question. They showed that about one third of the oxygen supply in these areas is provided by turbulent processes, such as eddies or internal waves. The study, conducted in the...

Heavy Rains Increase Nutrient Pollution Flow Down Mississippi River
2013-07-29 12:32:11

NOAA NOAA-supported scientists found a large Gulf of Mexico oxygen-free or hypoxic "dead" zone, but not as large as had been predicted. Measuring 5,840 square miles, an area the size of Connecticut, the 2013 Gulf dead zone indicates nutrients from the Mississippi River watershed are continuing to affect the nation's commercial and recreational marine resources in the Gulf. "A near-record area was expected because of wet spring conditions in the Mississippi watershed and the resultant...

New Variability In Iron Supply To The Oceans With Climate Implications Discovered By Scientists
2013-07-19 09:44:51

National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (UK) The supply of dissolved iron to oceans around continental shelves has been found to be more variable by region than previously believed -- with implications for future climate prediction. Iron is key to the removal of carbon dioxide from the Earth's atmosphere as it promotes the growth of microscopic marine plants (phytoplankton), which mop up the greenhouse gas and lock it away in the ocean. A new study, led by researchers based at the...

Fish Species That Thrive In Bay Bottoms Are Being Impacted By Dead Zones
2013-07-09 07:35:36

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) have completed a 10-year study, providing the first quantitative evidence on a bay-wide scale that the distribution and abundance of "demersal" fishes -- fish species that live and feed near the Bay bottom -- are being impacted by low-oxygen "dead zones." Species affected by these dead zones, such as the Atlantic croaker, white perch, spot, striped bass and summer...


Latest Chemical oceanography Reference Libraries

Ocean Acidification
2013-04-01 10:32:20

Ocean acidification is the name that was given to the ongoing decrease in the pH of Earth’s oceans, a cause of the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. About 30 to 40 percent of the carbon dioxide that is released by humans into the atmosphere dissolves into the lakes, oceans, and rivers. To maintain the chemical equilibrium, some of it reacts with the water to create carbonic acid. Some of these extra carbonic acid molecules react with a water molecule to provide a...

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Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'karpos', fruit.
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