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Latest cholera Stories

2009-10-09 11:27:54

Despite evidence that low-cost diarrhea treatments such as lower osmolarity oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc supplements could drastically reduce the number of deaths among children, little progress has been made in implementing these life-saving techniques, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. They examined the implementation of current treatment guidelines and found that few countries are equipped to quickly adapt policies, and many struggle...

2009-09-08 07:23:32

Researchers in Australia are developing diversionary tactics to fool disease-causing bacteria in the gut. Many bacteria, including those responsible for major gut infections, such as cholera, produce toxins that damage human tissues when they bind to complex sugar receptors displayed on the surface of cells in the host's intestine. At the Society for General Microbiology's meeting at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, today (8 September), Professor James Paton and colleagues from the...

2009-06-30 10:45:16

It is based on detecting short, repetitive DNA segments in the genome of bacteria. Every single bacterial strain has such characteristic repeats. "With this method we are able to identify bacterial strains as well as clarify their genetic relationships. Furthermore, we can show how new pathogenic variants develop," says Manfred Höfle, researcher at the HZI. The results have now been published in the current issue of the scientific journal "Applied and Environmental Microbiology". The...

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2009-04-20 12:18:15

An international health organization announced that it has developed the world's first cheap cholera vaccine, which has been licensed to India. The new product costs about a dollar per dose, compared to the existing internationally licensed oral vaccine that was too expensive for developing countries, costing $18 a dose in Bangladesh, according to the Seoul-based International Vaccine Institute (IVI). The institute director-general, John Clemens, said in a statement the licensing of the new...

2009-03-16 18:53:23

U.S. researchers say they are developing a new generation of antibiotic compounds that do not provoke bacterial resistance. Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University say the compounds work against two notorious microbes -- Vibrio cholerae, which causes cholera, and E. coli 0157:H7, the food contaminant that causes approximately 110,000 illnesses and 50 deaths a year in the United States. Senior author Vern Schramm says antibiotics initially work extremely well,...

2009-02-24 08:00:00

SEATTLE, Feb. 24, 2009 /PRNewswire/ -- As Zimbabwe continues to confront a cholera epidemic tied to failing water and sanitation infrastructure, a new World Vision project supported by the Procter & Gamble (NYSE: PG) Children's Safe Drinking Water Program is underway, providing Zimbabweans with the tools and training necessary to protect themselves, their families and their communities. (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20090115/CLTH035LOGO-a ) The large-scale,...

2009-01-29 13:48:00

Working with PSI and P&G to Stem Cholera Outbreak STAMFORD, Conn., Jan. 29 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- AmeriCares is doubling its supply of water purification treatments to Zimbabwe in an effort to stem a deadly cholera outbreak that has claimed more than 3,000 innocent lives. The outbreak is one of Africa's deadliest in 15 years and experts say more than half of the country is at risk. With limited medical resources and dismal sanitation, families in Zimbabwe have almost no protection...

2009-01-28 13:07:00

WASHINGTON, Jan. 28 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) continues to provide assistance to the people of Zimbabwe in the aftermath of a widespread cholera outbreak that began in August 2008. USAID is consigning nearly 440,000 bars of soap --- valued at nearly $365,000 --- to the U.N. Children's Fund, which will provide it to humanitarian organizations to distribute as part of hygiene education programs in areas most affected by the cholera...

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2009-01-20 11:41:19

Coral reefs around the world are in serious trouble from pollution, over-fishing, climate change and more. The last thing they need is an infection. But that's exactly what yellow band disease (YBD) is"”a bacterial infection that sickens coral colonies. Researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and colleagues have found that YBD seems to be getting worse with global warming and announced that they've identified the bacteria responsible for the disease. Just as a...

2008-12-23 11:26:00

P&G to provide a total of US$90,000 for safe drinking water relief effort utilizing its PUR(TM) Purifier of Water technology and its partnership with PSI CINCINNATI, Dec. 23, 2008 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Procter & Gamble (NYSE: PG) and global health organization Population Services International (PSI) will provide 10 million liters of safe drinking water to help prevent cholera in Zimbabwe. More than one-thousand people have died from the current cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe....


Latest cholera Reference Libraries

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2011-04-28 16:37:36

Vibrio vulnificus is a species of Gram-negative, motile, curved, rod-shaped bacteria of the Vibrio Genus. Hollis et al. first reported it in 1976. It was given the name Beneckea vulnifica by Reichelt et al. in 1976 and in 1979 Vibrio vulnificus by Farmer. V. vulnificus is related to V. cholerae and is present in marine environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas. It causes an infection often incurred after eating seafood, especially raw or undercooked oysters. It can...

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2011-04-28 15:06:23

Vibrio cholerae is a gram negative comma-shaped bacterium with a polar flagellum that causes cholera in humans. V. cholerae belongs to the gamma subdivision of the Proteobacteria. Classical and El Tor are the two types of V. Cholerae identified by hemaggluttination testing. El Tor is found throughout the world, while the classical biotype is found only in Bangladesh. It was first isolated as the cause of cholera by Italian anatomist Filippo Pacini in 1854; however, this discovery was not...

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Word of the Day
mundungus
  • A stinking tobacco.
  • Offal; waste animal product; organic matter unfit for consumption.
This word comes from the Spanish 'mondongo,' tripe, entrails.