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Latest Cingulate cortex Stories

Males Differ From Females In Specific Brain Structures
2014-02-12 13:09:03

University of Cambridge Reviewing over 20 years of neuroscience research into sex differences in brain structure, a Cambridge University team has conducted the first meta-analysis of the evidence, published this week in the prestigious journal Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. The team, led by doctoral candidate Amber Ruigrok and Professors John Suckling and Simon Baron-Cohen in the Department of Psychiatry, performed a quantitative review of the brain imaging literature testing...

Brain Similarities In Humans And Monkeys
2014-01-29 04:46:02

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from Oxford University researchers suggests a surprising degree of similarity in the organization of brain regions that control language and complex thought processes in humans and monkeys, as well as key differences. The team's finding demonstrate valuable insights into the evolutionary processes that established the link between humans and other primates and what made humans distinctly different. "We tend to think that...

2014-01-15 10:34:13

Everybody feels pain differently, and brain structure may hold the clue to these differences. In a study published in the current online issue of the journal Pain, scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have shown that the brain's structure is related to how intensely people perceive pain. "We found that individual differences in the amount of grey matter in certain regions of the brain are related to how sensitive different people are to pain," said Robert Coghill, Ph.D.,...

2013-10-09 10:51:35

In a breakthrough for understanding brain evolution, neuroscientists have shown that differences between primate brains - from the tiny marmoset to human – can be largely explained as consequences of the same genetic program. In research published in the Journal of Neuroscience, Professor Marcello Rosa and his team at Monash University's School of Biomedical Sciences and colleagues at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, used computer modelling to demonstrate that the...

2013-08-20 15:04:24

Both Aß and tau pathology appear to be associated with default mode network integrity before clinical onset of Alzheimer disease (AD), according to a study by Liang Wang, M.D., and colleagues at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. Accumulation of Aß and tau proteins, the pathologic hallmarks of AD, starts years before clinical onset. Pathophysiological abnormalities in the preclinical phase of AD may be detected using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or neuroimaging biomarkers,...

2013-06-11 14:53:38

Healthy test subjects with amyloid plaque were also found to have hypometabolism indicating a potential Alzheimer´s precursor Alzheimer´s disease has been linked in many studies to amyloid plaque buildup in the brain, but new research is finding a common thread between amyloid burden and lower energy levels, or metabolism, of neurons in certain areas of the brain associated with Alzheimer´s disease–even for people with no sign of cognitive decline. This is a new...

Self-awareness In Humans Is More Intricate Than Previously Thought
2012-08-23 07:18:36

Ancient Greek philosophers considered the ability to "know thyself" as the pinnacle of humanity. Now, thousands of years later, neuroscientists are trying to decipher precisely how the human brain constructs our sense of self. Self-awareness is defined as being aware of oneself, including one's traits, feelings, and behaviors. Neuroscientists have believed that three brain regions are critical for self-awareness: the insular cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex, and the medial prefrontal...

2012-05-22 02:23:17

Max Planck scientists discover brain cells in monkeys that may be linked to self-awareness and empathy in humans The anterior insular cortex is a small brain region that plays a crucial role in human self-awareness and in related neuropsychiatric disorders. A unique cell type — the von Economo neuron (VEN) — is located there. For a long time, the VEN was assumed to be unique to humans, great apes, whales and elephants. Henry Evrard, neuroanatomist at the Max Planck Institute...

2011-06-06 20:11:32

Birds do it. Bees do it. Even little kids picking strawberries do it. Every creature that forages for food decides at some point that the food source they're working on is no richer than the rest of the patch and that it's time to move on and find something better. This kind of foraging decision is a fundamental problem that goes far back in evolutionary history and is dealt with by creatures that don't even have proper brains, said Michael Platt, a professor of neurobiology and director of...

2009-09-10 13:43:52

Those with Alzheimer's disease or obsessive-compulsive disorder may be trapped in routines and kept from adapting to new environments, U.S. researchers say. Senior author Michael Platt Duke of University Medical Center in Durham, N.C., says brain scans in monkeys indicated nerve cells in the part of the brain known as the posterior cingulate cortex fire up more strongly when the monkeys decided to explore new alternatives. The experiment began with the monkeys being given four rewards to...


Latest Cingulate cortex Reference Libraries

Megarian Banded Centipede, Scolopendra cingulate
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: Scolopendra cingulata, centipede. Credit: Eran Finkle/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) The Megarian banded centipede (Scolopendra cingulate), also known as the Mediterranean banded centipede, is most often found in areas of the Mediterranean and southern areas of Europe. Its range includes Greece, France, Italy, Spain, and North Africa. This species prefers to burrow underneath rocks or logs in moist habitats. It can reach a body length of up to 5.9 inches, making it one of the...

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Word of the Day
call-note
  • The call or cry of a bird or other animal to its mate or its young.
'Call-note' is newer than 'bird-call,' which originally referred to 'an instrument for imitating the note of birds' but now also refers to 'the song or cry of a bird.'
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