Latest Climate of the Arctic Stories
For the first half of this year's winter, the big news was warm temperatures and lack of snow. Ski resorts were covered in bare dirt, while January temperatures in southern California topped July highs.
Even if the current weather situation may seem to speak against it, the probability of cold winters with much snow in Central Europe rises when the Arctic is covered by less sea ice in summer.
University of Colorado researchers report that they have answered some questions surrounding Earth's Little Ice Age, which started between A.D. 1275 and 1300, and lasted into the late 19th century.
Scientists have offered up a convincing explanation for the harsh winters recently experienced in the Northern Hemisphere; increasing temperatures and melting ice in the Arctic regions creating more snowfall in the autumn months at lower latitudes.
Arctic air temperatures were approximately 2.5 degrees Fahrenheit higher in 2011 than the baseline number for the previous three decades.
A new report shows that Arctic sea ice continues to shrink each summer to nearly record low levels.
The extent of Arctic Ocean sea ice fell to its second-lowest size since 1979, the U.S. National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) said on Thursday.
The area covered by Arctic sea ice during the summer reached a new all-time low on Thursday, with the summer sea ice extent falling to 1.64 million square miles (4.24 million square kilometers).
A new report from the European Space Agency (ESA) shows that sea ice in the Arctic Ocean has receded dramatically during this summer, opening up two new shipping lanes - the Canadian Northwest Passage and Russia’s Northern Sea Route.
The melting of Arctic sea ice may temporarily stabilize, and the ice may even expand, over the coming years.
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