Quantcast

Latest Clinical pathology Stories

2012-05-21 18:41:43

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus (MRSA) nasal colonization is associated with longer hospital stays and an increase in surgical site infections (SSI) in patients undergoing major gastrointestinal surgery, according to a new study from Scott and White Memorial Hospital, Temple, TX. Antibiotic-resistant organisms such as MRSA can cause infections after surgery. Many studies have shown that MRSA nasal colonization increases the risk of developing SSI, and there has been an effort to...

2012-04-26 13:43:57

Whilst some bacteria can provide health benefits there are others that can do annoying things — like kill you. So in order to save ourselves we should probably kill them first. So, stand aside bacterial wipes, hand sanitizers and antiseptic sprays there is a new bug zapper in town. Bring in the plasma flashlight — a torch that emits a plasma jet that kills bacteria on the skin in an instant. Developed by a group of Chinese and Australian scientists, including CSIRO, the...

2012-04-23 09:29:41

National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists and their colleagues in China have described a rapidly emerging Staphylococcus aureus gene, called sasX, which plays a pivotal role in establishing methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) epidemics in most of Asia. Senior author Michael Otto, Ph.D., of NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, says these findings illustrate at the molecular level how MRSA epidemics may emerge and spread. Moreover, their study identifies a...

2012-04-20 09:37:18

Transmission of MRSA between mothers and newborns examined The need to swab the noses of pregnant women and newborns for the presence of MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) may be unfounded, according to a Vanderbilt study now available online and published in the May issue of Pediatrics. The study's senior author, Buddy Creech, M.D., MPH, assistant professor of Pediatrics, said it is often feared that mothers carrying MRSA may risk transmitting an infection to their...

2012-04-19 19:59:25

New data presented at the International Liver Congress 2012 shows consolidation of the interferon-free (IFN) revolution in HCV treatment. The much anticipated data from a number of clinical trials confirm that combinations of antivirals offer the hope of shorter, more effective treatment with fewer side effects. The following new studies cover the treatment of HCV patients with genotypes (GT) 1, 2 or 3, who were administered ribavirin (RBV) - without IFN - and either one or two other...

UCSB Researchers Discover Particularly Dangerous Salmonella
2012-04-18 10:36:25

UC Santa Barbara researchers have discovered Salmonella bacteria that are up to 100 times more capable of causing disease. Their findings may help prevent food poisoning outbreaks that continue to plague public health and the food industry. These "hypervirulent" bugs can override vaccines and pose a risk to food safety —— and mitigation efforts are currently under way. Previous strategies to find the more dangerous bugs were unsuccessful since they behave like a "Trojan...


Latest Clinical pathology Reference Libraries

0_acc42e71b0d88e5b1f3520ddbf139579
2011-04-28 14:45:47

Streptococcus salivarius is a species of spherical, Gram-positive bacteria which colonize the mouth and upper respiratory tract of humans a few hours after birth, making further exposure to the bacteria harmless. The bacterium is an opportunistic pathogen which rarely makes its way into the bloodstream where it is associated with septicemia cases in people with neutropenia. It has different characteristics when exposed to different environmental nutrients. In the lab a SYTA plate is used...

0_097d9a33e1035f1ca4b33243c5beaafa
2011-04-26 23:26:27

Streptococcus oralis is a Gram positive bacterium that grows characteristically in chains. On a Wilkins-Chalgren agar plate it will form slam white colonies. It is classified as a member of the streptococcus mitis group and is found in high numbers in the oral cavity. S. oralis produce neuraminidase and an IgA protease and cannot bind α-amylase.

0_4d46cc72a490344d44ba78359f528175
2011-04-26 21:07:20

Enterococcus is a Gram-positive, commensal bacterium inhabiting the gastrointestinal tracts of humans and other mammals. It is a main constituent of some probiotic food supplements. E. faecalis can cause life-threatening infections in humans, especially in the nosocomial environment, where the naturally high levels of antibiotic resistance found in E. faecalis contribute to its pathogenicity. It is frequently found in root canal-treated teeth in prevalence values ranging from 30% to 90% of...

0_565be8ac4669df235cfa9eb09fa14a3d
2011-04-26 20:59:00

Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of thirty-three known species belonging to the genus Staphylococcus. It is part of our skin flora and can also be found in the mucous membranes and in animals. It is the most common species found in laboratory test due to contamination. It is not usually pathogenic; however, patients with a compromised immune system often risk infection. Infections can be both nosocomial and community acquired and are more of a threat to hospital patients. Hospitals carry...

0_61d5902327f84255291bb79e2358eb65
2011-04-25 21:36:59

Serratia marcescens is a species of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium in the family Enterobacteriaceae. S. marcescens is involved in nosocomial infections particularly catheter-associated bacteremia. It is commonly found in respiratory and urinarty tracts of hospitalized adults and often in the gastrointestinal system of children. It is commonly found growing in bathrooms due to its preference for damp conditions. It manifests as a pink discoloration and a slimy film feeding off...

More Articles (41 articles) »
Word of the Day
vermicular
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.
Related