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Clinical pathology Reference Libraries

Page 4 of about 41 Articles
Molluscum contagiosum
2011-02-23 17:00:17

The Molluscum contagiosum virus, MCV, is a virus, in the poxvirus family, that causes the disease Molluscum contagiosum in humans. The virions have a complex structure that is consistent with the structure of the poxvirus family. Since the virus cannot routinely be cultured diagnosis is made on the clinical appearance. It can be confirmed by excisional biopsy. There are four types of MCV...

Parapoxviruses
2011-02-17 17:42:57

Parapoxviruses, belonging to the Poxviridae family, are oval, relatively large, double-stranded DNA viruses. They have a unique spiral coat that distinguishes them from other poxviruses. Some of the viruses are zoonotic but not all. Zoonotic hosts include sheep, goats, and cattle. The New Zealand Red Deer is the most recent species to have been found with Parapoxvirus. The viruses tend to...

Monkeypox
2011-02-17 17:11:15

Monkeypox virus causes monkeypox in both humans and animals. It was first found in 1958 in macaque monkeys that were being used as laboratory animals. The monkeys are often used for neurological experiments. The virus is typically found in rainforest regions of central and West Africa. It was first discovered in 1970 in humans and from 1970 to 1986 there were over 400 cases reported in...

Herpesviridae
2011-01-24 12:59:16

The Herpesviridae, a large family of DNA viruses, causes disease in animals and humans. Members of this family are known as herpesviruses. They all share a common structure where they are composed of relatively large double-stranded, linear DNA genomes encoding 100-200 genes encased within an icosahedral protein cage called the capsid. The whole particle is known as a virion. They are all...

Rhinovirus
2011-01-11 14:10:55

Human rhinoviruses are the most common viral ineffective agents in humans and are the cause of the common cold. The infection proliferates between 33-35 °C causing most reproduction to occur in the nose. It is a species in the genus Enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family of viruses. There are 99 recognized types of Human Rhinoviruses that are differentiated by their surface proteins. They...

Filoviridae
2011-01-11 13:37:27

Filoviridae family of viruses belongs to the order of Mononegavirales. Filoviruses cause hemorrhagic fever often with fatal bleeding and coagulating abnormalities. The name comes from the Latin word filum, which alludes to the thread-like appearance of virus particles. They are single stranded negative sense RNA viruses that target primates. The two genera are Ebola-Reston virus and Marburg...

Equine Infectious Anemia
2011-01-11 12:58:56

Equine Infectious Anemia, also called swamp fever, transmitted by bloodsucking insects infects horses and is cause by a retrovirus. It is endemic in the Americas, parts of Europe, the Middle and Far East, Russia, and South Africa. It is a lentivirus, similar to HIV. EIA can be transmitted through blood, saliva, milk, and bodily secretion. Normally transmission comes from biting flies like the...

2011-01-11 10:59:51

Ebolavirus (EBOV), a viral genus, is the disease Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), a viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF). The virus gets its name from the Ebola River Valley in the Democratic Republic of the Congo where the first outbreak occurred in 1976. The virus was obscure until 1989 when several widely publicized outbreaks occurred among monkeys in the United States. The virus disrupts the...

Coronavirus
2011-01-11 10:14:35

Coronavirus, a species in the genera of animal virus, belongs to the subfamily Coronavirinae in the family Coronaviridae. They are enveloped viruses with single-stranded RNA genome and a helical symmetry. The genome size ranges from 16 to 31 kilobases. The name, meaning crown, comes from the virus envelope appearing to be crowned when viewed under an electron microscopy. These viruses...

Sin Nombre Virus
2011-01-05 16:27:06

The Sin Nombre virus (SNV) is the agent of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS). Originally called "Four Corners Virus" or "Navajo Flu", but was changed after local residents objected. Near the home of one of the initial patients, the virus was extracted from rodents. Other virus strains have been isolated form P. maniculatus associated with a fatal case in California. Black Creek...

Word of the Day
barratry
  • The offense of persistently instigating lawsuits, typically groundless ones.
  • An unlawful breach of duty on the part of a ship's master or crew resulting in injury to the ship's owner.
  • Sale or purchase of positions in church or state.
This word ultimately comes from the Old French word 'barater,' to cheat.
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