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2011-04-15 13:32:47

Clostridium botulinum is a gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that produces neurotoxins, known as botulinum neurotoxins types A-G, that cause the flaccid muscular paralysis seen in botulism. It is the main paralytic agent in botox and is commonly found in soil. It is also an obligate anaerobe, meaning oxygen is poisonous to the cells. Superoxide dismutase helps C. botulinum tolerate traces of oxygen. It was first recognized and isolated in 1895 by Emile van Ermengem. Subsequent outbreaks...

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Word of the Day
adustion
  • The act of burning, scorching, or heating to dryness; the state or being thus heated or dried.
  • In medicine, cauterization.
The word 'adustion' comes from the Latin 'adustio', 'burning'.
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