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Clostridium botulinum
2011-04-15 13:32:47

Clostridium botulinum is a gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that produces neurotoxins, known as botulinum neurotoxins types A-G, that cause the flaccid muscular paralysis seen in botulism. It is the main paralytic agent in botox and is commonly found in soil. It is also an obligate anaerobe, meaning oxygen is poisonous to the cells. Superoxide dismutase helps C. botulinum tolerate traces...

Word of the Day
aphotic
  • Having no light.
  • Of or relating to the region of a body of water that is not reached by sunlight and in which photosynthesis is unable to occur.
The word 'aphotic' comes from Greek roots meaning 'without' and 'light'.
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