Quantcast
Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 17:20 EDT

Latest Cochrane Collaboration Stories

2012-09-19 16:01:34

A new Cochrane Review concludes that all countries should consider establishing proper home birth services. They should also provide low-risk pregnant women with information enabling them to make an informed choice. The review has been prepared by senior researcher, statistician Ole Olsen, the Research Unit for General Practice, University of Copenhagen, and midwifery lecturer PhD Jette Aaroe Clausen. In many countries it is believed that the safest option for all women is to give birth in...

2012-01-18 12:58:11

Incomplete availability of data has hampered a thorough assessment of the evidence for using the anti-influenza drug oseltamivir, a Cochrane Review has found. However, after piecing together information from over 16,000 pages of clinical trial data and documents used in the process of licensing oseltamivir (Tamiflu) by national authorities, a team of researchers has raised critical questions about how well the drug works and about its reported safety profile. The new analysis shows...

2010-06-16 13:20:51

There is no evidence that the common practice of giving patients oxygen to inhale during a heart attack is beneficial, according to a new Cochrane Systematic Review. Until further research is carried out, the researchers say the possibility that giving oxygen may actually increase a patient's risk of dying cannot be ruled out. Globally, more than 30 million people have heart attacks every year, according to the World Health Organization. Heart attacks occur when the flow of oxygenated blood...

2009-10-07 11:22:34

Rapid viral diagnosis tests for respiratory diseases in children who arrive in emergency departments have the potential to reduce pressures on health systems by enabling doctors to reach a quicker diagnosis, according to Cochrane Researchers. However, they say larger trials are needed to confirm this finding. "The existing evidence is not strong enough to prove that these tests help to reduce pressure on health systems, but it certainly does look promising," said lead researcher, Quynh Doan...

2009-02-20 13:34:51

But a systematic review of the literature for high-quality scientific trials published in the February issue of The Spine Journal finds exercise in workplace and community settings effective in preventing new episodes of low-back problems. "Strong and consistent evidence finds many popular prevention methods to fail while exercise has a significant impact, both in terms of preventing symptoms and reducing back pain-related work loss," said Dr. Stanley J. Bigos, University of Washington...

2009-01-26 08:42:23

The media are often blamed for only reporting on bad news. But in the world of medical news, the opposite may be true. New data suggest trials yielding positive treatment effects or striking findings were much more likely to be published in medical journals than trials with negative findings. Researchers are concerned this bias could be harmful to the general public. "Unless both positive and negative findings from clinical trials are made available, it is impossible to make a fair assessment...

2009-01-26 08:38:32

New research shows the cure to your next headache could come from a needle"¦not a pill! Researchers found patients with headaches who were treated with acupuncture therapy suffered fewer headaches compared to those who used painkillers. Among migraine sufferers, acupuncture was also found to be superior to drug treatments. However, when these patients were given fake acupuncture treatments, they yielded the same positive results, raising questions among researchers. "Much of the...

f1adcdfc35c7e7e3ab4ca03338dab8e71
2008-10-08 13:15:00

Scientists reported on Wednesday that the common herb St. John's Wort could be useful as a treatment of major depression. Reporting in the Cochrane Review, researchers analyzed data from 29 clinical trials and found that St. Johns Wort extracts were more effective than placebos and as effective as standard antidepressants with fewer side effects. "The studies came from a variety of countries, tested several different St. John's Wort extracts, and mostly included patients suffering from mild...

2008-09-30 21:00:33

Amgen Inc., (NASDAQ: AMGN) announced it has received a summary of preliminary results from the Cochrane Collaboration's independent meta-analysis of patient-level data from previously conducted, randomized, controlled, clinical studies evaluating erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in cancer patients. Amgen has submitted the executive summary to regulatory authorities, including the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMEA). "The Cochrane...

2008-09-19 03:00:13

By Kim, Caron R Free, Caroline CONTEXT: Peer-led interventions have become a popular method of providing sexual health education to adolescents, but the efficacy of this approach and the methodological quality of recent trials have not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: Electronic and hand searches were conducted to identify quasi-randomized and randomized controlled trials of peer-led adolescent sexual health education published from 1998 to 2005. Studies were eligible if they had an...