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Latest Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Stories

2011-10-05 19:32:27

Findings reveal that deficiency of the SMN protein in peripheral tissues might also contribute to SMA pathology A new study from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) reports surprising results that suggest that the devastating neuromuscular disease, spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), might not exclusively affect the motor neurons in the spinal cord as has long been thought. The new findings suggest that defects in peripheral tissues such as liver, muscle, heart, etc., might also contribute to...

2011-10-05 05:53:07

(Ivanhoe Newswire) — Autism is one of the most common genetic alterations, caused by a deletion of the 27-gene cluster on chromosome 16. By generating mouse models of autism, scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) provided the first evidence that inheriting fewer copies of these genes leads to features resembling those used to diagnose children with autism. "Children normally inherit one copy of a gene from each parent. We had the tools to see whether copy number changes...

Evidence Found For Genetic Basis Of Autism
2011-10-04 04:32:58

[ Watch the Video ] Models of autism show that gene copy number controls brain structure and behavior Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have discovered that one of the most common genetic alterations in autism -- deletion of a 27-gene cluster on chromosome 16 -- causes autism-like features. By generating mouse models of autism using a technique known as chromosome engineering, CSHL Professor Alea Mills and colleagues provide the first functional evidence that inheriting...

2011-09-29 22:41:25

The work of a team of scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) led by Professor Nicholas Tonks FRS, suggests a way to overcome one of the major technical obstacles preventing a leading therapeutic target for diabetes and obesity from being addressed successfully by novel drugs. The target is an enzyme called PTP1B, discovered by Tonks in 1988 and long known to be an important player in the signaling pathway within cells that regulates the response to insulin. Insulin is a hormone...

2011-09-27 11:20:26

Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) and the University of Southern California (USC) have uncovered intriguing new evidence helping to explain one of the ways in which a stem cell's fate can be determined. The new data show how the "marking" of DNA sequences by groups of methyl molecules — a process called methylation — can influence the type of cell a stem cell will become. The cellular maturation process, called differentiation, has long been thought to be...

2011-09-21 19:44:41

20 mouse lines provide views of cortical GABA neurons not previously possible A team of neuroscientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has succeeded in creating what amounts to a GPS system for locating and tracking a vital class of brain cells that until now has eluded comprehensive identification, particularly in living animals. The cells in question are the class of neurons that release the neurotransmitter called GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid). GABA neurons function to...

2011-08-25 21:34:14

Study finds KN1 trafficking through tiny channels called plasmodesmata cannot occur without chaperonins Like all living things, plants depend for their growth and sustenance on elaborate signaling networks to maintain stem cells, cells that have an almost magical regenerative capacity. The signals sent through these networks convey an incredible diversity of instructions, which make it possible for plants to follow genetic and cellular programs regulating growth, shape, and energy...

2011-08-03 13:05:01

grassy tillers1 suppresses branching, enabling maize to grow taller when shade encroaches -- a key to teosinte's ancient domestication When an animal gets too hot or too cold, or feels pangs of hunger or thirst, it tends to relocate "“ to where it's cooler or hotter, or to the nearest place where food or water can be found.  But what about vegetative life?  What can a plant do under similar circumstances? Plants can't change the climate and they can't uproot themselves to move...

2011-08-01 12:51:00

Fusion oncoprotein MLL-AF9 'hijacks' Myb to enforce a program of aberrant self-renewal A team of scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has laid bare the mechanism behind a phenomenon called oncogene addiction in mice suffering from a form of leukemia that mimics acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in humans. Significantly, the team was able to mobilize their newly gained understanding to target "addiction" pathways in the model mice, resulting in rapid and complete eradication of...

2011-06-30 19:19:16

PTPN23 can regulate the SRC oncoprotein; basis for a new therapeutic approach Researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have identified an enzyme that appears to be a significant regulator of breast cancer development. Called PTPN23, the enzyme is a member of a family called protein tyrosine phosphatases, or PTPs, that plays a fundamental role in switching cell signaling on and off. When the scientists suppressed the expression of PTPN23 in human mammary cells, they noted a cascade...