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Coral reefs Reference Libraries

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Crown Of Thorns Starfish Acanthaster planci
2013-11-11 10:54:41

The crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) is a species of starfish that is classified within the Acanthasteridae family. This species has a large range that extends from the Red Sea to the African coasts in the east and from the Indian Ocean to the western coasts of Central America. It prefers a habitat in coral reefs, which can be harmed if population numbers are too high. Damage...

Coral Reef
2013-04-20 15:49:21

Coral reefs are submerged structures consisting of calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral reefs are colonies of small animals found in marine waters that enclose few nutrients. The majority of coral reefs are constructed from stony corals, which then consist of polyps that come together in groups. The polyps are like small sea anemones, to which they are very closely related. Unlike the...

Knotted Fan Coral Melithaea ochracea
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying...

Leaf Plate Montipora
2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat,...

Nephtheidae
2012-04-03 17:35:45

Nephtheidae is a family of soft corals known as carnation corals, tree corals or colt soft corals. These corals are very striking and show a wide range of rich colors including red, pink, yellow and purple. These corals are mainly tree-like in that they branch out and have little knobs on the end of their rubbery branches. Another name given these animals are broccoli corals, due to the...

Fungia scutaria
2012-04-03 16:17:43

Fungia scutaria is a species of mushroom coral in the family Fungiidae. It is found in the Indo-Pacific oceanic region. It occurs on upper reef slopes especially where there is considerable water movement. It is typically found on sand beds or coral fragments. It lives as a single individual rather than as a colony and is detached from the seabed. It has an elongated shape and can grow...

Fungia scruposa
2012-04-03 16:04:02

Fungia scruposa is a species of mushroom coral that lives a single individual rather than as a colony. It starts out life as a small disk attached to dead coral or rock, but by the time it reaches about 1 inch in diameter, it becomes detached. The adult has a single polyp that reaches up to 10 inches in diameter. This is the first species of coral that has been observed eating jellyfish....

Precious Coral
2012-04-03 15:42:00

Precious Coral, (Corallium rubrum), also known as red coral, is a species of marine coral found mainly in the Mediterranean Sea, where it grows at depths from 30 to 1000 feet below sea level. Its habitat is typically rocky sea bottom with low sedimentation, and usually in dark environments, such as caverns and crevices. Most of its shallow range has been depleted by harvesting. While mainly...

Discosoma
2012-04-03 15:24:52

Discosoma (or Actinodiscus) is a genus of soft mushroom coral native to the Indian Ocean. This genus is sometimes incorrectly referred to as mushroom anemone or disc anemone. This coral is commonly collected and used worldwide in marine aquariums, where it is known to grow easily. There are 5 known species of mushroom coral: Actinodiscus dawydoffi, Actinodiscus fungiformis, Discosoma...

Cauliflower Coral
2012-04-03 15:06:11

Cauliflower Coral, (Pocillopora meandrina), is a species of coral found in the East Pacific and the Indo-West Pacific. Its habitat is shallow reefs, protected lagoons and lower reef slopes. Colonies of this coral can be fairly solid and dome-shaped or branching with areas that are either flattened and ridge-like or fine and complex. The colonies are usually covered with wart-like growths...

Word of the Day
donative
  • A gift; a largess; a gratuity; a present; a dole.
The word 'donative' comes from a Latin word meaning 'to give'.
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