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Latest Coral Stories

Corals Shrinking Around Equator Thanks To Global Warming
2012-12-11 14:34:21

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As the clamoring for a more comprehensive strategy to battle climate change continues, scientists are producing more and more research that suggests incremental changes in global temperature can have a massive effect on ecosystems. A new study from a team of Australian and German researchers showed that when sea surface temperatures increased by about 0.7 degrees Celsius during the last interglacial warm period, the Earth´s...

Government Agency Proposes Dozens Of Coral Species For Endangered Species Act
2012-12-03 16:06:58

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new Endangered Species Act listings proposed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA) would cover 66 coral species found in the Pacific and the Caribbean. NOAA said that in 2009, it received a petition to list 83 species of reef-building corals under the ESA from the Center for Biological Diversity. The organization found that the Center presented substantial information indicating a listing under the ESA...

Two New Encrusting Anemones Found In Unexpected Locations
2012-11-29 16:44:09

Pensoft Publishers As a result of field work by associate professor James Davis Reimer and two graduate students from the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa, Japan has found two new species of encrusting anemones, or colonial zoanthids, in unexpected locations. The species belong to the genus Neozoanthus, which was previously known only from a single species in the Indian Ocean. Surprisingly, the new species were found in the Pacific Ocean, in southern Japan and on the Great Barrier...

2012-11-27 16:24:12

NEW YORK, Nov. 27, 2012 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- Artist Paul Hunt of Brooklyn, NY has launched a 30-day Kickstarter campaign which will run from November 27 through December 26. The purpose is to raise funds that will enable the completion of his multimedia installation art project. He hopes that his work will encourage people to gain an understanding of the importance of coral reefs, visit these impressive sea creatures for themselves, support programs that clean the ocean and influence...

Seaweed Attacks, Corals Calls For Help
2012-11-09 20:46:42

April Flowers for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online When toxic seaweed threatens the health of coral, what does the coral do? It calls for help, of course. A new study, published in Science, reveals that corals under attack send signals to fish "bodyguards." The fish respond quickly, moving in to trim back the toxic alga that can kill the coral if not removed in a timely manner. A team from the Georgia Institute of Technology has found evidence that these mutualistic fish...

European Settlement Caused Collapse Of Great Barrier Reef Coral
2012-11-07 10:07:33

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Australia´s Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral system in the world, so big that it can be seen from space, is one of the planet´s most remarkable natural wonders. But researchers from University of Queensland have now revealed this precious ecosystem is not faring so well. The problem: European settlement and extensive degradation on mainland Australia. The expansion of European settlement in Australia has been...

Sweden’s Säcken Reef Facing Death
2012-10-23 21:13:37

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online The Säcken reef in the Koster Fjord in Sweden is that country´s last remaining cold-water coral reef and it is under a distinct threat of extinction. Like the more common warm-water reefs, cold-water reefs are known for their rich biological diversity. With the Säcken reef in distress, researchers from the University of Gothenburg have started a restoration project extracting healthy corals...

Insights Into Evolution Of Marine Life Provided By Genetic Patterns Of Deep-Sea Coral
2012-10-23 20:52:27

Patterns Also Shed Light on How Environmental Disturbances Affect Aquatic Organisms The ability of deep-sea corals to harbor a broad array of marine life, including commercially important fish species, make these habitat-forming organisms of immediate interest to conservationists, managers, and scientists. Understanding and protecting corals requires knowledge of the historical processes that have shaped their biodiversity and biogeography. While little is known about these processes,...

Coral Reefs Decline And Food Security At Risk
2012-10-18 09:56:07

A new study co-authored by the Wildlife Conservation Society identifies countries most vulnerable to declining coral reef fisheries from a food-security perspective while providing a framework to plan for alternative protein sources needed to replace declining fisheries. The study looked at 27 countries around the world and found two common characteristics: nations with low incomes that lack the ability to adapt to alternative protein sources; and middle-income nations with higher adaptive...

Coral Can Have Too Much Of A Good Thing
2012-10-15 04:54:29

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online While the single-celled algae that live inside corals typically play a vital role in keeping the reefs healthy, a new study suggests that an overabundance of the symbiotic organisms could have a negative effect on them. According to scientists at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science, these algal symbionts provide corals with the energy needed to build larger reef frameworks. When...


Latest Coral Reference Libraries

Crown Of Thorns Starfish, Acanthaster planci
2013-11-11 10:54:41

The crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) is a species of starfish that is classified within the Acanthasteridae family. This species has a large range that extends from the Red Sea to the African coasts in the east and from the Indian Ocean to the western coasts of Central America. It prefers a habitat in coral reefs, which can be harmed if population numbers are too high. Damage occurs when filamentous algae covers bare skeletons of coral and the starfish move in to feed, stripping...

Coral Reef
2013-04-20 15:49:21

Coral reefs are submerged structures consisting of calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral reefs are colonies of small animals found in marine waters that enclose few nutrients. The majority of coral reefs are constructed from stony corals, which then consist of polyps that come together in groups. The polyps are like small sea anemones, to which they are very closely related. Unlike the sea anemones, coral polyps secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons which provide support and protections...

Foxface Rabbitfish, Siganus vulpinus
2013-02-17 07:58:30

Image Credit: Dr. Wayne Meadows (NOAA)/Wikipedia The foxface rabbitfish is found in coral rich lagoons, and reefs in the coastal water of the Western Pacific. Around the western Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, the Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, Caroline Islands, and the Marshall Islands. It has also been sighted around Vanuatu, Nauru, Kiribati, and recently Tonga. Adults usually swim in pairs, but the juveniles have been known to form schools. The adult foxface rabbitfish is...

Barrier Reef Anemonefish, Amphiprion akindynos
2012-05-11 12:04:43

The Barrier Reef Anemonefish (Amphiprion akindynos) is native to the marine lagoons and reefs in the Western Pacific Ocean.  It lives at a depth of around eighty-two feet in temperatures fluctuating between fifty degrees Fahrenheit to 89.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Its range includes northern New South Wales, the Loyalty Islands, Tonga, New Caledonia, Coral Sea, and the Great Barrier Reef. They are typically seen near or within the tentacles of their host anemones. They will inhabit anemones like...

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

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