Latest Corynebacterineae Stories
Kathleen Alexander, associate professor of wildlife in Virginia Tech's College of Natural Resources and Environment, has discovered a novel tuberculosis (TB) species in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, a group of pathogens that have adapted by using mammals as hosts.
An examination of a portion of the tuberculosis genome that responds to stress has allowed Rice University bioengineers Oleg Igoshin and Abhinav Tiwari to zero in on a network of genes that may "switch" the disease into dormancy.
Two tips for preventing Johne's disease on dairy farms: Use stainless steel water troughs and add chlorine to the water.
A group of 85 international experts, amongst whom are two scientists from NEIKER-Tecnalia, believe that the illness known as bovine paratuberculosis or Johneâ€™s disease can be eradicated by means of control programs, new vaccines or the sacrifice of infected animals.
Buruli ulcers, one of the 'neglected tropical diseases' left aside by big pharma and governments alike, are reasonably well treatable, also in poor regions.
New research published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology suggests that CCL5 protects against Mycobacterium tuberculosis by attracting protective immune cells, which help control bacterial growth.
Study led by Weill Cornell Medical College and published in the journal PNAS.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) possesses extraordinary survival ability by masking itself from the host immune system and persisting for decades inside the host.
The factors instrumental in triggering latent tuberculosis (TB) infection to progress into active disease have long remained elusive to researchers.
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have found two novel ways of killing the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB), a disease responsible for an estimated two million deaths each year.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is a pathogenic bacterial species in the genus Mycobacterium and the causative agent of most cases of tuberculosis. Robert Koch first discovered it in 1882 and that it had an unusual, waxy coating on the cell surface which makes them impossible to Gram stain. M. tuberculosis is highly aerobic and requires high levels of oxygen. It generally infects the respiratory system of mammals. Tuberculin skin test, acid-fast stain, and chest radiographs are the most...
Mycobacterium smegmatis is 3.0 to 5.0 Âµm long with a bacillus shape, an acid-fast bacterial species in the phylum Actinobacteria. It can be stained by Ziehl-Neelsen method and the auramine-rhodamine fluorescent method. It was first reported in 1884. Alvarez and Tavel found organisms similar to Lustgarten, who first discovered Mycobacterium. This organism was later named M. smegmatis. It is considered a non-pathogenic microorganism although, in rare cases, it can cause disease. M....
Mycobacterium leprae, mostly found in warm tropical countries, is a bacterium that causes leprosy (Hansen's disease). It is an intracellular, pleomorphic, acid-fast bacterium. M. leprae is an aerobic rod-shaped surrounded by the characteristic waxy coating unique to mycobacteria tuberculosis. Due to its thick waxy coating, M. leprae stains with a carbol fuscin rather than with the traditional Gram stain. Gerhard Armauer Hansen first discovered it in 1873. It was the first bacterium to be...
Mycobacterium bovis is a slow-growing, aerobic bacterium and the causative agent of tuberculosis in cattle. Similar to M. tuberculosis, M. bovis can jump the species barrier and cause tuberculosis in humans. It is estimated that M. bovis was responsible for more losses among farm animals than all other diseases combined in the first half of the 20th century. Infection happens after bacterium is ingested. It is generally transmitted to humans via infected milk. Actual human infections are...
Corynebacterium diphtheriae is a pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria. It was discovered in 1884. There are four subspecies C. diphtheriae mitis, C. diphtheriae intermedius, C. diphtheriae gravis, and C. diphtheriae belfanti. They all are a little bit different in their colonial morphology and biochemical properties such as the ability to metabolize certain nutrients. The diphtheria toxin gene is encoded by a bacteriophage which is found in toxigenic strain. A gram stain is...
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