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Latest Cosmic distance ladder Stories

Scientists Recreate Spiral Arms Of Ancient Milky Way
2013-03-04 19:11:57

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Using observations made possible by the European Space Agency´s INTEGRAL satellite, a pair of French scientists has been able to recreate how the Milky Way´s spiral arms looked millions of years ago. According to their report in the Astrophysical Journal, the two researchers based their recreation on the observations of high mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs), pairs of massive stars that are surrounded with the remnants of...

Astronomers Discover White Dwarf Supernovae
2013-02-27 20:00:36

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online White dwarf supernovae that occurred millions of years ago have popped up in the Virgo Cluster galaxy and part of the sky labelled as "anonymous." Southern Methodist University (SMU) researchers say they've confirmed two bright stars that showed up in our skies in February and November are supernovae. Supernovae are the result of stars that have reached the end of their life, resulting in a large explosion that can consume...

Galaxy Formation And Evolution Models Garner Award For Rutgers Astronomer
2013-01-25 07:55:22

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A Rutgers University astronomer has created computer models and simulations that help to explain how galaxies formed and evolved. Astronomer Rachel Somerville, who works as a professor of astrophysics in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, School of Arts and Sciences, created these models to show how gases like hydrogen and helium coalesce into stars and galaxies and how exploding stars and black holes impact their galactic...

Astronomers Discover Structure 4 Billion Light Years Across - Largest Known In Universe
2013-01-11 13:29:21

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Astronomers have reportedly discovered the largest known structure in the universe — a formation so massive it would take a vehicle that was moving at light speed roughly four billion light years to cross it, the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) announced on Thursday. The structure is a large quasar group (LQG), or a formation that contains the nuclei of galaxies from the earliest days of the universe´s existence. These...

Astronomers Watch A Massive Star End Its Life
2013-01-11 06:04:52

April Flowers for redOrbit.com -- Your Universe Online Astronomers announced this week that a massive star they have been watching repeatedly mimic a supernova since 2009 has finally exploded for real. The team, led by the University of Arizona, presented their findings to the American Astronomical Society meeting and they will be published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. This new study provides critical information on the final death throes of massive stars in...

Distant Supernova Dates Back To 10 Billion Years
2013-01-10 08:09:44

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Have you ever wished for a time machine to be able to travel to the distant past? What about a "Wayback Television Set" that would allow you to watch an entire month of ancient prehistory in real time? Berkeley Lab´s David Rubin gave just such a scenario to attendees at the American Astronomical Society meeting this week when he unveiled the discovery of a striking astronomical object. Rubin announced a Type Ia supernova with...

Astronomers Discover 7 Primitive Galaxies
2012-12-13 08:30:25

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered seven primitive galaxies that formed more than 13 billion years ago, during the Universe's infancy. The find includes a candidate galaxy that could hold the record for the most distant galaxy ever found. Scientists made the new discoveries using the Hubble Space Telescope's Hubble Ultra Deep Field project, which aims to improve our understanding of the early Universe. Astronomers are looking back at...

Astronomers Take Starburst Galaxy Census
2012-12-04 13:02:44

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have taken a census of hundreds of previously unseen starburst galaxies, revealing high star-formation rates across the Universe. The team used the European Space Agency's Herschel space observatory and ground-based W. M. Keck Observatory to make the observation. Starburst galaxies give birth to hundreds of solar masses' worth of stars every year, while galaxies like our Milky Way produce only one Sun-like star per year....

Galaxy Clusters Offer Insight On Dark Matter
2012-11-21 09:56:07

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Dark Energy is one of the major puzzles of modern astronomy, and one tool that astronomers use to understand this force is encoded in the distribution of clusters of galaxies. A new study by a team of astronomers, led by Dr. Jeeseon Song at the University of Michigan, has yielded exquisitely precise distances of a large sample of clusters. These precise distances may lead to breakthroughs in understanding the expansion history of our...

Bright And Dim Supernovae Teach Us A Lot
2012-11-20 10:13:34

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A type of oddly dim exploding star is probably a class of duds, a new study using supercomputer simulations finds, but one that could throw new light on the mysterious nature of dark energy. Thousands of exploding stars are classified as type Ia supernovae, and most of them look similar to each other. This is why astrophysicists use them as accurate cosmic distance indicators, they show that the expansion of the universe is...


Latest Cosmic distance ladder Reference Libraries

45_03c916cf051c1a581c0d52b3ccdd7561
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are visible, a few degrees north of the galactic pole, with an amateur telescope larger than 20 cm. The...

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Word of the Day
barghest
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).
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