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Latest Cosmic ray Stories

135195670
2012-06-12 07:47:27

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com NASA said that its Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope detected the highest-energy light ever associated with an eruption on the sun on March 7. The latest discovery, according to the space agency, is echoing in Fermi's new role as a solar observatory, which is a tool that is being used to understand solar outbursts. The March 7 flare was a class X5.4, and is the strongest eruption so far observed by Fermi's Large Area Telescope (LAT). "For most of Fermi's...

2012-06-11 10:21:26

WASHINGTON, June 11, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- During a powerful solar blast on March 7, NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope detected the highest-energy light ever associated with an eruption on the sun. The discovery heralds Fermi's new role as a solar observatory, a powerful new tool for understanding solar outbursts during the sun's maximum period of activity. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) A solar flare is an explosive blast of light and charged...

pamela_sm
2012-06-03 07:50:39

When the sun launched a moderate, or M-class, solar flare May 17, 2012, it was still one of the largest eruptions seen since late January when our star began to rouse from an anomalously long quiet period. But the event was not just an additional solar wake-up call; it produced something that has the solar physics community puzzled and scientists from the University of New Hampshire poised to analyze a singular dataset gathered during the event by a European satellite called PAMELA - short...

Speed Of The Sun 'Shockingly' Slower Than Believed
2012-05-11 04:06:18

[ Watch the Video ] A team of NASA researchers has uncovered new data showing that the sun is moving more slowly through our galaxy than previously believed -- a discovery that suggests a shock wave believed to precede the heliosphere might not actually exist, the US space agency revealed on Thursday. According to Andrew Fazekas of National Geographic News, NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) satellite measured the speeds of various interstellar particles along the outer edges...

Image 1 - Supernovae Could Have Had Impact On Life On Earth
2012-04-24 12:12:07

New research by a Danish physicist suggests that life might have been influenced by supernovae near the Solar System. When massive stars reach the end of their life, they explode as supernovae, which can be brighter than an entire galaxy of normal stars. The remnants of these events release vast numbers of high-energy charged particles known as galactic cosmic rays (GCR). If a supernova is close enough to our Solar System, the enhanced GCR levels can have direct impacts on the...

2012-03-29 13:55:12

A new chemical analysis of lunar material collected by Apollo astronauts in the 1970s conflicts with the widely held theory that a giant collision between Earth and a Mars-sized object gave birth to the moon 4.5 billion years ago. In the giant-collision scenario, computer simulations suggest that the moon had two parents: Earth and a hypothetical planetary body that scientists call “Theia.” But a comparative analysis of titanium from the moon, Earth and meteorites, published by...

Cosmic Rays Alter Chemistry Of Lunar Ice
2012-03-20 02:52:10

Space scientists from the University of New Hampshire and multi-institutional colleagues report they have quantified levels of radiation on the moon's surface from galactic cosmic ray (GCR) bombardment that over time causes chemical changes in water ice and can create complex carbon chains similar to those that help form the foundations of biological structures. In addition, the radiation process causes the lunar soil, or regolith, to darken over time, which is important in understanding the...

INTEGRAL Deciphers Diffuse Signature Of Cosmic-ray Electrons
2011-12-22 04:22:00

Astronomers exploiting six years worth of data from ESA's INTEGRAL mission have pinned down the individual processes contributing to the high-energy Galactic interstellar emission produced by cosmic-ray electrons. Deciphering each of the different physical mechanisms at play at hard X-ray and soft gamma-ray wavelengths represents a crucial step towards an increasingly detailed picture of the population of high-energy particles permeating the Milky Way. Cosmic rays are highly-energetic...

2011-12-05 11:52:00

WASHINGTON, Dec. 5, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft has entered a new region between our solar system and interstellar space. Data obtained from Voyager over the last year reveal this new region to be a kind of cosmic purgatory. In it, the wind of charged particles streaming out from our sun has calmed, our solar system's magnetic field piles up and higher energy particles from inside our solar system appear to be leaking out into interstellar space. (Logo:...

Image 1 - Fermi Finds Cosmic-ray Cocoon In The Heart Of Cygnus
2011-11-29 12:32:33

[ Watch the Video ] The constellation Cygnus, now visible in the western sky as twilight deepens after sunset, hosts one of our galaxy's richest-known stellar construction zones. Astronomers viewing the region at visible wavelengths see only hints of this spectacular activity thanks to a veil of nearby dust clouds forming the Great Rift, a dark lane that splits the Milky Way, a faint band of light marking our galaxy's central plane. Located in the vicinity of the second-magnitude star...


Latest Cosmic ray Reference Libraries

45_cdbc4d69ba819105e29a44f507ff8e90
2009-05-14 17:51:56

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a neutrino telescope that is currently being built at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. IceCube is being constructed in deep Antarctic ice by deploying thousands of PMTs (photomultiplier tubes) at depths of 4750 to 8000 feet. These spherical optical sensors are deployed on strings of sixty modules each, into holes melted by hot water drilling. Since 2005, 59 strings have been deployed and installation is expected to be complete by 2011. The strings are...

7_7ab115b117284658644e345b89f5ba712
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Gamma-Ray Astronomy -- Gamma-ray astronomy is the astronomical study of gamma rays. Long before experiments could detect gamma rays emitted by cosmic sources, scientists had known that the universe should be producing these photons. Work by Feenberg and Primakoff in 1948, Hayakawa and Hutchinson in 1952, and, especially, Morrison in 1958 had led scientists to believe that a number of different processes which were occurring in the universe would result in gamma-ray emission. These...

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