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Costa Rica Reference Libraries

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Eastern Pondhawk
2014-11-19 10:48:05

The eastern pondhawk (Erythemis simplicicollis), also known as the common pondhawk, is a species of dragonfly that can be found in North America. Its range includes eastern areas of the United States, Belize, two provinces of Canada including Ontario, Costa Rica, Cuba, Honduras, Jamaica, eleven states in Mexico, and Nicaragua, among other areas. This species is found near almost every source of...

Iraz Volcano
2014-10-04 18:35:23

Irazú Volcano, known as Volcán Irazú in Spanish, is an active stratovolcano that is located in Costa Rica. The origin of the volcano’s name is unknown, but it is thought to be a variant of the word Iztarú, which is the name of a village that was near the volcano, or a mixture of the words ara, meaning point, and tzu, meaning thunder. It is locally known as The Colossus due to large past...

Rincn de la Vieja
2014-10-04 18:29:11

Rincón de la Vieja is an active complex volcano that is located in northwestern Costa Rica. Its name, meaning The Old Woman's Corner, refers to a legend that says that a woman’s lover was thrown into the volcano by her father, after which she lived on the volcano as a recluse. This volcano reaches 6,286 feet in elevation and is the tallest volcano in Rincón de la Vieja Volcano National...

Costa Rican Variable Harlequin Toad Atelopus Varius
2014-08-29 09:49:13

The Costa Rican Variable Harlequin Toad, Atelopus varius, known also as the clown frog, is a neo-tropical true toad belonging to the family Bufonidae. Ranging once from Costa Rica to Panama, A. varius is currently listed as critically endangered and has been decreased to a single remnant population near Quepos, Costa Rica and is assumed to be extinct within Panama. Some recent variation in the...

Arenal Volcano
2014-08-28 11:31:44

Arenal Volcano, also known as Volcán Arenal, is an active stratovolcano that is located in northwestern Costa Rica. It can be found in Arenal Volcano National Park and was one of Costa Rica’s most active volcanoes until 2010. This volcano has a small crater and several eruptive vents and is the youngest of all active volcanoes in Costa Rica. Arenal Volcano has produced some violent...

Granular Poison Frog Oophaga granulifera
2013-06-25 13:49:03

The Granular Poison Frog (Oophaga granulifera) is a species of frog belonging to the family Dendrobatidae, found in Costa Rica and Panama. Its natural habitats are tropical and subtropical, moist, lowland forests, but it's threatened by habitat loss. This frog has been switched from Dendrobates granuliferus to Oophaga granulifera. The frog is an aposematic animal, and it utilizes poison only...

Grey-necked Wood Rail Aramedes cajaneus
2013-04-21 09:30:30

The Grey-necked Wood Rail (Aramedes cajaneus) is a species of bird belonging to the Rallidae family. It can be found in Belize, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Columbia, El Salvador, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Nicaragua, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela and Uruguay. Its natural habitats are tropical and subtropical moist lowland...

Honduran White Bat Ectophylla alba
2012-08-10 11:10:50

The Honduran white bat (Ectophylla alba) is the sole member of its genus. It is native to western Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, and Costa Rica, and can be found living at altitudes of up to 2,296 feet. It can reach an average body length between 1.4 and 1.8 inches. This bat has white fur on its entire body, a trait for which it was named, except for it small ears and nose which are yellow in...

Coues Rice Rat Oryzomys couesi
2012-07-25 06:49:31

Coues' rice rat (Oryzomys couesi) is a semiaquatic rat that can be found in southern Texas, throughout Mexico and Central America, and into the northwestern portion of Colombia. It prefers a habitat with abundant water, but it is able to live in arid habitats and shrub lands. Coues’ rice rat forms the group O. couesi, along with six other species of rat. All of these rats are in the Oryzomys...

Crab-eating Raccoon Procyon cancrivorus
2012-07-20 08:42:55

The crab-eating raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus) is native to South and Central America. Its range includes Trinidad and Tobago, Costa Rica, and extends to the northern areas of Uruguay and Argentina. It prefers a habitat with abundant water resources. Although the name implies that this raccoon’s diet consists of only crabs, it also consumes other crustaceans, like lobster, as well as fruits,...

Word of the Day
ecotone
  • A transitional zone between two communities containing the characteristic species of each.
The word 'ecotone' comes 'eco-' plus a Greek root meaning 'tension'.