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Dense Earth Crust Was Recycled Into The Mantle During Archean Eon
2013-12-31 07:31:36

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The temperature of the Earth’s mantle during the Archean eon some four billion years ago was significantly higher than it is today, causing the crust to become unstable and drip back down into the mantle, according to research published this month in Nature Geoscience. As part of the study, Dr. Tim Johnson of the Institute of Geosciences at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and his colleagues created model calculations...

New Insights Into The Strength Of Continents
2012-08-21 11:11:47

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Over the last 50 million years, the Caribbean islands have been pushed east, driven by the movement of the Earth's viscous mantel against the more rooted South American continent. A new study by University of Southern California (USC) geophysicists, published in Nature Geoscience, gives us a better understanding of how continents resist the constant movement of the Earth's plates and what effect the continental plates have in...

2012-03-12 21:04:59

Geologists at the Universities of Bonn and Cologne have come up with a new idea as to how the earliest continents were formed The earth's structure can be compared to an orange: its crust is the peel supported by the earth's heavy mantle. That peel is made up of a continental crust 30 to 40 kilometers thick. It is much lighter than the thinner oceanic crust and protrudes from the earth's mantle because of its lower density, like an iceberg in the sea. "According to the current theory, the...

2012-01-23 14:03:33

How diamond-bearing kimberlites reach the surface Kimberlites are magmatic rocks that form deep in the Earth´s interior and are brought to the surface by volcanic eruptions. On their turbulent journey upwards magmas assimilate other types of minerals, collectively referred to as xenoliths (Greek for “foreign rocks”). The xenoliths found in kimberlite include diamonds, and the vast majority of the diamonds mined in the world today is found in kimberlite ores. Exactly how...

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2011-07-22 12:04:00

Ancient minerals tell story of planet's distant past Jewelers abhor diamond impurities, but they are a bonanza for scientists. Safely encased in super-hard diamond, impurities are unaltered, ancient minerals that tell the story of Earth's distant past. Researchers analyzed data from more than 4,000 of these mineral inclusions to find that continents started the cycle of breaking apart, drifting, and colliding about three billion years ago. The research results, published in this week's issue...

2011-07-22 01:24:22

Jewelers abhor diamond impurities, but they are a bonanza for scientists. Safely encased in the super-hard diamond, impurities are unaltered, ancient minerals that can tell the story of Earth's distant past. Researchers analyzed data from the literature of over 4,000 of these mineral inclusions to find that continents started the cycle of breaking apart, drifting, and colliding about 3 billion years ago. The research, published in the July 22, 2011, issue of Science, pinpoints when this...

2011-05-18 16:07:56

Carbon found within ancient rocks has played a crucial role developing a time line for the emergence of biological life on the planet billions of years ago. But applying cutting-edge technology to samples of ancient rocks from northern Canada has revealed the carbon-based minerals may be much younger than the rock they inhabit, a team of researchers report in the latest edition of the journal Nature Geoscience. The team "“ which includes researchers from Boston College, the Carnegie...

2011-04-04 17:00:51

Geologists have long-debated about when plate tectonics started on the planet. One of the key indicators has been whether or not fragments of oceanic crust, generated at sea-floor spreading centers, are preserved in the planet's oldest crust. New research integrating what has been learned about the variations in modern sea floor spreading environments with the geological record of the oldest preserved crust on Earth shows that many belts in these ancient terrains have striking similarities to...

2010-09-01 13:56:00

HOUSTON, Sept. 1 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Why do we still find rocks from the Archean, one of the earliest geological eons on Earth dating from about 3.8 to 2.5 billion years ago? This is an apt question as our planet is one of the most dynamic in the solar system. Earth's crust has been constantly destroyed and created throughout its 4.5-billion-year history. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO)...

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2010-08-26 07:57:40

New seismic technique detects boundary between old and new lithosphere The North American continent is not one thick, rigid slab, but a layer cake of ancient, 3 billion-year-old rock on top of much newer material probably less than 1 billion years old, according to a new study by seismologists at the University of California, Berkeley. The finding, which is reported in the Aug. 26 issue of Nature, explains inconsistencies arising from new seismic techniques being used to explore the interior...


Word of the Day
lunula
  • A small crescent-shaped structure or marking, especially the white area at the base of a fingernail that resembles a half-moon.
This word is a diminutive of the Latin 'luna,' moon.
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