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Latest Crust Stories

First Evidence Of Life Deep Under Oceanic Crust Realized
2013-03-15 12:56:53

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Scientists writing in the journal Science say they have found the first direct evidence of life in the deeply buried oceanic crust. Researchers on board the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program's (IODP) research vessel JOIDES Resolution drilled a water depth of 1.5 miles and hundreds of feet of sediment into the oceanic crust off the west coast of North America. After examining rock samples from this depth, they were able to uncover...

Seas Of Molten Rock Created By Lunar Impacts
2013-03-12 04:54:36

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An ocean of molten rock covered the entire lunar surface during the early part of the Moon's history. Over millions of years, that magma ocean cooled, differentiating to form the crust and mantle. According to new analysis of NASA's Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) data, led by Brown University planetary scientists, this wasn't the last time the Moon's surface melted on such a massive scale. Graduate student William Vaughan led...

Earth’s Magma Mantle Melts Hotter Than Previously Thought
2013-01-10 10:10:41

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a new study by researchers at Rice University, the Earth's mantle magma melts far hotter and deeper in the Earth's core than previously thought, a discovery that will have lasting implications for our understanding of the planet's geophysical and geochemical properties. The research team, led by Rajdeep Dasgupta, put small amounts of peridotite under large pressures in a laboratory to determine that rock can and does...

Moon's Interior Was Pulverized By Early Impacts
2012-12-05 13:28:06

[ Watch the Video: GRAIL's Gravity Tour of the Moon ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists using data from NASA's GRAIL mission have determined that the Moon's interior is nearly completely pulverized. The latest finding from the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission suggests that during the Moon's first billion years, it may have endured more fracturing from massive impacts than previously thought. Planetary scientists have stitched...

Mars Joins Earth As Only Planets Known To Have Plate Tectonics
2012-08-10 07:07:00

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For decades, scientists thought the only place in our solar system that consisted of plate tectonics was right here on Earth. But a UCLA scientist has discovered, analyzing data from two instruments, that the Red Planet has also shown evidence of tectonic plate movement. The science of plate tectonics revolves around the idea that huge crustal plates beneath a planet´s surface are constantly...

2012-07-30 13:43:26

On a time scale of tens to hundreds of millions of years, the geomagnetic field may be influenced by currents in the mantle. The frequent polarity reversals of Earth's magnetic field can also be connected with processes in the mantle. These are the research results presented by a group of geoscientists in the new advance edition of "Nature Geoscience" on Sunday, July 29th. The results show how the rapid processes in the outer core, which flows at rates of up to about one millimeter per...

Volcanic Hotspot Origins Revealed Through X-ray Analysis
2012-07-19 07:26:46

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Most volcanoes are situated where continental plates shift against each other. This is where the continental crust is weakened, allowing magma to break through to the surface. The Pacific "Ring of Fire" exhibits this kind of plate movement, resulting in powerful earthquakes and multiple active volcanoes. Volcanic hotspots, however, are of a completely different nature because most of them are far away from plate boundaries. The...

2012-07-02 10:22:42

Mountain belts on Earth are most commonly formed by collision of one or more tectonic plates. The process of collision, uplift, and subsequent erosion of long mountain belts often produces profound global effects, including changes in regional and global climates, as well as the formation of important economic resources, including oil and gas reservoirs and ore deposits. Understanding the formation of mountain belts is thus a very important element of earth science research. One common but...

Melting Mantle Linked To Great Oxygenation Event 2.5 Billion Years Ago
2012-05-25 04:38:16

Brett Smith for RedOrbit.com Oxygen-based life evolved on Earth because of geological events that occurred over 2.5 million years ago, according to Princeton University researchers who published a report this week in the online journal Nature. Based on geological evidence, scientists know that roughly 2.5 billion years ago, oxygen levels in the atmosphere exploded and eventually gave birth to our present atmosphere. This time period, dubbed the Great Oxygenation Event (GOE), appears to...

Image 1 - Scientists Examine Peculiar Underwater Mountain
2012-03-27 10:53:47

Scientists have recently finalized an expedition in an effort to learn more about an undersea mountain they say may have formed in a very different way than the rest of the seafloor. Aboard the JOIDES (Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling) research ship, these scientists studied the formations and makeup of Atlantis Massif. This undersea mountain has been found to be made up of rocks typically found much deeper in the oceans crust. Other volcanic seamounts are usually...


Latest Crust Reference Libraries

4_33609f8ebef994f54be143abe0bef9f42
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Earth -- in geology and astronomy, fifth largest planet of the solar system and the only planet definitely known to support life. Gravitational forces have molded the earth, like all celestial bodies, into a spherical shape. However, the earth is not an exact sphere, being slightly flattened at the poles and bulging at the equator. The equatorial diameter is c.7,926 mi (12,760 km) and the polar diameter 7,900 mi (12,720 km); the circumference at the equator is c.24,830 mi (40,000 km)....

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Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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