Quantcast

Latest Crust Stories

2011-07-22 01:24:22

Jewelers abhor diamond impurities, but they are a bonanza for scientists. Safely encased in the super-hard diamond, impurities are unaltered, ancient minerals that can tell the story of Earth's distant past. Researchers analyzed data from the literature of over 4,000 of these mineral inclusions to find that continents started the cycle of breaking apart, drifting, and colliding about 3 billion years ago. The research, published in the July 22, 2011, issue of Science, pinpoints when this...

2011-05-27 21:44:24

What would we see and what would we learn if we were able to cut North America in half, pull it apart, and look at the resulting cross section through the continent, from the surface all the way down to its very deepest mantle roots? Although it sounds like an impossible undertaking, Philip Hammer of the University of British Columbia and colleagues have done just that. Utilizing geological and geophysical data collected over more than 20 years as part of the Canadian LITHOPROBE project,...

0a91cbdd0d9c4a4573a674701375d541
2011-05-20 12:25:00

The inner core of the Earth is simultaneously melting and freezing due to circulation of heat in the overlying rocky mantle, according to new research from the University of Leeds, UC San Diego and the Indian Institute of Technology.The findings, published tomorrow in Nature, could help us understand how the inner core formed and how the outer core acts as a 'geodynamo', which generates the planet's magnetic field."The origins of Earth's magnetic field remain a mystery to scientists," said...

2011-04-29 11:55:36

A team of scientists led by Rice University has figured out why the Colorado Plateau "“ a 130,000-square-mile region that straddles Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico -- is rising even while parts of its lower crust appear to be falling. The massive, tectonically stable region of the western United States has long puzzled geologists. A paper published today in the journal Nature shows how magmatic material from the depths slowly rises to invade the lithosphere -- Earth's crust and...

408eba9141b37cf2cdf407135fa066ca
2011-04-07 08:45:54

For many years, most scientists studying Tibet have thought that a very hot and very weak lower and middle crust underlies its plateau, flowing like a fluid. Now, a team of researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) is questioning this long-held belief and proposing that an entirely different mechanism is at play. "The idea that Tibet is more or less floating on a layer of partially molten crust is accepted in the research community. Our research proposes the opposite...

2011-04-04 17:00:51

Geologists have long-debated about when plate tectonics started on the planet. One of the key indicators has been whether or not fragments of oceanic crust, generated at sea-floor spreading centers, are preserved in the planet's oldest crust. New research integrating what has been learned about the variations in modern sea floor spreading environments with the geological record of the oldest preserved crust on Earth shows that many belts in these ancient terrains have striking similarities to...

41c812710c8e2505340d9ac81fac70251
2011-03-24 11:00:49

Researchers are hoping to attempt to drill into the Earth's mantle layer off the coast of Costa Rica in hopes of finding pristine samples of the earth's inner boundary, BBC News reports. With initial bore holes to reach 1.2 miles under the seabed to test equipment and techniques, the ultimate goal is to reach even further to retrieve deeper samples. It is estimated that at the chosen location, a drill must be able to reach almost 4 miles under the sea floor to reach the upper mantle....

2011-02-24 23:38:59

Early in the formation of the Earth, some forms of the element chromium separated and disappeared deep into the planet's core, a new study by UC Davis geologists shows. The finding, to be published online by the journal Science Feb. 24, will help scientists understand the early stages of planet formation, said Qing-Zhu Yin, professor of geology at UC Davis and coauthor on the paper. Yin, former postdoctoral scholar Frederic Moynier and Edwin Schauble of the Department and Earth and Space...

2011-01-13 17:49:30

The continental crust is the principal record of conditions on the Earth for the last 4.4 billion years. Its formation modified the composition of the mantle and the atmosphere, it supports life, and it remains a sink for carbon dioxide through weathering and erosion. The continental crust therefore has had a key role in the evolution of the Earth, and yet the timing of its generation remains the topic of considerable debate. It is widely believed that the juvenile continental crust has grown...

309a2a128b150ae8ad57dd51c94c9d641
2010-12-18 08:51:49

50 million years ago, mountains began popping up in southern British Columbia. Over the next 22 million years, a wave of mountain building swept (geologically speaking) down western North America as far south as Mexico and as far east as Nebraska, according to Stanford geochemists. Their findings help put to rest the idea that the mountains mostly developed from a vast, Tibet-like plateau that rose up across most of the western U.S. roughly simultaneously and then subsequently collapsed and...


Latest Crust Reference Libraries

4_33609f8ebef994f54be143abe0bef9f42
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Earth -- in geology and astronomy, fifth largest planet of the solar system and the only planet definitely known to support life. Gravitational forces have molded the earth, like all celestial bodies, into a spherical shape. However, the earth is not an exact sphere, being slightly flattened at the poles and bulging at the equator. The equatorial diameter is c.7,926 mi (12,760 km) and the polar diameter 7,900 mi (12,720 km); the circumference at the equator is c.24,830 mi (40,000 km)....

More Articles (1 articles) »
Word of the Day
baudekin
  • A rich embroidered or brocaded silk fabric woven originally with a warp of gold thread.
'Baudekin' seems to be an alternative form of 'baldachin,' from the Italian 'Baldacco,' Baghdad, the city where the material was made.
Related