Latest Cryogenic particle detectors Stories
Classical and high-temperature superconductors differ hugely in the value of the critical temperatures at which they lose all electrical resistance.
By swapping one superconducting material for another, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have found a practical way to boost the efficiency of the world's fastest single-photon detector, while also extending light sensitivity to longer wavelengths.
A team of researchers from the University of Zaragoza (UNIZAR) and the Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS, in France) has developed a "scintillating bolometer", a device that the scientists will use in efforts to detect the dark matter of the Universe, and which has been tested at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory in Huesca, Spain.
The bolometer, invented in 1878 by Samuel Pierpont Langley, measures the energy of incident electromagnetic radiation. It consists of an absorptive element connected to a heat sink through a thermal link. The absortive element raises its temperature above that of the heat sink when radiation impinges on it. The higher the energy the higher the temperature rises. Old bolometers used metals while newer ones used semiconductors and superconductors as the absorptive elements. Bolometers can...