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Latest Crystallography Stories

Caltech Engineers Focus On The Nano To Create Strong, Lightweight Materials
2013-09-06 12:40:12

California Institute of Technology The lightweight skeletons of organisms such as sea sponges display a strength that far exceeds that of manmade products constructed from similar materials. Scientists have long suspected that the difference has to do with the hierarchical architecture of the biological materials—the way the silica-based skeletons are built up from different structural elements, some of which are measured on the scale of billionths of meters, or nanometers. Now engineers...

2013-08-27 23:00:59

HistoryofTurquoise.com takes an in-depth look at the fascinating history of turquoise. (PRWEB) August 27, 2013 The history of turquoise is both a long and storied one. Turquoise has existed in both ancient and modern civilizations, and its history has played an extraordinary role within the world. Now, a new website is shining the spotlight on the origins and incredible history of turquoise. “The Southwestern United States tells a lot about the history of turquoise, and has played an...

Cosmochemists Help Solve 135-Year-Old Meteorite Mystery
2013-07-08 15:09:49

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have provided a solution to a 135-year-old mystery in cosmochemistry, saying chondrules may have formed from high-pressure collisions in the early Solar System. Chondrites are the largest class of meteorites, and scientists have wondered how numerous small, glassy spherules had become embedded within them. British mineralogist Henry Sorby first described these spherules in 1877 and suggested they may be "droplets of fiery...

Synchrotron Helps Reveal Structure Of A Supercooled Liquid
2013-07-05 10:54:23

Saarland University The experimental work, which was performed at the German Electron Synchrotron Facility (DESY) in Hamburg, involved levitating hot metal droplets and observing them as they cooled by irradiating them with x-rays from one of the world's strongest x-ray sources. The research work is funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the results have just been published in Nature Communications. Supercooled liquids demonstrate some interesting phenomena when they are...

2013-06-27 23:50:23

Product family expansion makes automation more accessible to broader customer base for preformulation chemistry Sunnyvale, Calif. (PRWEB) June 26, 2013 Freeslate, Inc., the leading provider of high throughput research solutions, today announced the launch of the CM Protégé PharmD System, part of the CM Protégé robotic platform family. The CM Protégé PharmD System is an automated platform for high throughput solid form and solubility screening. The system...


Latest Crystallography Reference Libraries

28_9de5c05320ccdc491872fa501c117601
2005-05-26 12:19:41

Amphibole defines an important group of dark-colored rock-forming inosilicate minerals composed of double chain SiO4 tetrahedra linked at the vertices and generally containing ions of iron and/ or magnesium in their structures. In chemical composition and general characteristics they are very similar to the pyroxenes and, like them, fall into three series according to their system of crystallization. The chief difference between amphiboles and pyroxenes is in cleavage: amphiboles form oblique...

28_3f12abda63415a07ee5b6c5d30ef8239
2005-05-26 12:17:18

Aragonite is a polymorph of the mineral calcite, both having the chemical composition CaCO3. Its structure differs from calcite and leads to a different crystal shape, an orthorhombic system with acicular crystals. By repeated twinning pseudo-hexagonal forms result. It may be columnar or fibrous, occasionally in branching stalactitic forms called flos-ferri (flowers of iron) from their association with the ores at the Carthinian iron mines. The type location for aragonite is Molina de...

28_acf3a79763725412768c5ca1b9da5c84
2005-05-26 12:12:27

Aurichalcite is a mineral, usually found as a secondary mineral in copper and zinc deposits. Its chemical formula is (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6. The name probably originates from the Greek oreichalchos meaning "mountain copper".

28_8002f27f8f96dedfc5d591fb18ec14b5
2005-05-26 09:41:33

The mineral kyanite is an aluminium silicate of the sillimanite group (along with andalusite and sillimanite), also called alumino-silicate. It has the formula Al2O3·SiO2 (Al2SiO5). Its hardness varies widely depending on its crystallographic direction, from 5 to 7.5, and it has a specific gravity of 3.56-3.67. It is translucent, usually blue, but possibly white, gray, green, or black. It is usually found in long-bladed crystals or columnar to fibrous structures. Kyanite is used in...

28_2e75b7b4202fc44cb88f662db2bba1fc
2005-05-26 09:37:09

Limonite Limonite is a ferric hydrate of varying composition, the generic formula is frequently written as FeO(OH)·nH2O, although this is not entirely accurate as Limonite often contains a varying amount of oxide compared to hydroxide. Together with hematite, it is mined as ore for the production of iron. Limonite is heavy and yellowish-brown. It is not a true mineral, however, but a mixture of similar hydrated iron oxide minerals, mostly Goethite. Limonite forms mostly in or near...

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Word of the Day
virgule
  • A punctuation mark (/) used to separate related items of information.
  • A little rod; a twig.
This word comes from the Late Latin 'virgula,' accentual mark, a diminutive of 'virga,' rod.
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