Latest Crystallography Stories

2013-08-27 23:00:59

HistoryofTurquoise.com takes an in-depth look at the fascinating history of turquoise. (PRWEB) August 27, 2013 The history of turquoise is both a long and storied one. Turquoise has existed in both ancient and modern civilizations, and its history has played an extraordinary role within the world. Now, a new website is shining the spotlight on the origins and incredible history of turquoise. “The Southwestern United States tells a lot about the history of turquoise, and has played an...

Cosmochemists Help Solve 135-Year-Old Meteorite Mystery
2013-07-08 15:09:49

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have provided a solution to a 135-year-old mystery in cosmochemistry, saying chondrules may have formed from high-pressure collisions in the early Solar System. Chondrites are the largest class of meteorites, and scientists have wondered how numerous small, glassy spherules had become embedded within them. British mineralogist Henry Sorby first described these spherules in 1877 and suggested they may be "droplets of fiery...

Synchrotron Helps Reveal Structure Of A Supercooled Liquid
2013-07-05 10:54:23

Saarland University The experimental work, which was performed at the German Electron Synchrotron Facility (DESY) in Hamburg, involved levitating hot metal droplets and observing them as they cooled by irradiating them with x-rays from one of the world's strongest x-ray sources. The research work is funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the results have just been published in Nature Communications. Supercooled liquids demonstrate some interesting phenomena when they are...

2013-06-27 23:50:23

Product family expansion makes automation more accessible to broader customer base for preformulation chemistry Sunnyvale, Calif. (PRWEB) June 26, 2013 Freeslate, Inc., the leading provider of high throughput research solutions, today announced the launch of the CM Protégé PharmD System, part of the CM Protégé robotic platform family. The CM Protégé PharmD System is an automated platform for high throughput solid form and solubility screening. The system...

Scientists Discover New Family Of Quasicrystals
2013-06-10 15:38:35

Ames Laboratory Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy´s (DOE) Ames Laboratory have discovered a new family of rare-earth quasicrystals using an algorithm they developed to help pinpoint them. Quasicrystalline materials may be found close to crystalline phases that contain similar atomic motifs, called crystalline approximants. And just like fishing experts know that casting a line in the right habitat hooks the big catch, the scientists used their knowledge to hone in on just...

Latest Crystallography Reference Libraries

2005-05-26 12:19:41

Amphibole defines an important group of dark-colored rock-forming inosilicate minerals composed of double chain SiO4 tetrahedra linked at the vertices and generally containing ions of iron and/ or magnesium in their structures. In chemical composition and general characteristics they are very similar to the pyroxenes and, like them, fall into three series according to their system of crystallization. The chief difference between amphiboles and pyroxenes is in cleavage: amphiboles form oblique...

2005-05-26 12:17:18

Aragonite is a polymorph of the mineral calcite, both having the chemical composition CaCO3. Its structure differs from calcite and leads to a different crystal shape, an orthorhombic system with acicular crystals. By repeated twinning pseudo-hexagonal forms result. It may be columnar or fibrous, occasionally in branching stalactitic forms called flos-ferri (flowers of iron) from their association with the ores at the Carthinian iron mines. The type location for aragonite is Molina de...

2005-05-26 12:12:27

Aurichalcite is a mineral, usually found as a secondary mineral in copper and zinc deposits. Its chemical formula is (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6. The name probably originates from the Greek oreichalchos meaning "mountain copper".

2005-05-26 09:41:33

The mineral kyanite is an aluminium silicate of the sillimanite group (along with andalusite and sillimanite), also called alumino-silicate. It has the formula Al2O3·SiO2 (Al2SiO5). Its hardness varies widely depending on its crystallographic direction, from 5 to 7.5, and it has a specific gravity of 3.56-3.67. It is translucent, usually blue, but possibly white, gray, green, or black. It is usually found in long-bladed crystals or columnar to fibrous structures. Kyanite is used in...

2005-05-26 09:37:09

Limonite Limonite is a ferric hydrate of varying composition, the generic formula is frequently written as FeO(OH)·nH2O, although this is not entirely accurate as Limonite often contains a varying amount of oxide compared to hydroxide. Together with hematite, it is mined as ore for the production of iron. Limonite is heavy and yellowish-brown. It is not a true mineral, however, but a mixture of similar hydrated iron oxide minerals, mostly Goethite. Limonite forms mostly in or near...

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Word of the Day
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'