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Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 1:21 EDT

Culture Reference Libraries

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Basuto Pony
2014-04-10 09:46:37

The Basuto Pony  is a breed from South Africa improved from the bloodline of Arabian and Persian horses. In 1653, four horses were imported to South Africa from the Dutch East India Trading Company. The exact breed of them is unknown, but may have been either Arabian or Persian. The original horse became the Cape Horse which could possibly also be the Basuto, but with the cross breeding of...

Kava Piper methysticum
2014-02-15 08:17:42

Piper methysticum is a shrub species. The species is more commonly referred to as Kava or Kava-kava. Its Latin name actually means “pepper, intoxicating” The plant is cultivated and used for its sedative and anesthetic properties. P. methysticum is grown vastly in the Republic of Vanuatu, although for some time it was only grown in Hawaii, Fiji, the Federated States of Micronesia,...

Wendigo
2014-02-10 16:19:19

The Wendigo is a legendary demonic creature or spirit from the Algonquian people of the Atlantic coast, and the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada. It is said the Wendigo could either posses humans or be a human that has been transformed into a creature. One of its traits is that of cannibalism. The Algonquian people believed that the eating of human flesh would put the...

Mermaid
2014-01-22 09:57:56

A mermaid is a creature from folklore and myths that are said to inhabit oceans around the world. Almost every culture has a legend that relates to a mermaid. In some cultures, mermaids are claimed to create floods, storms, shipwrecks, and drownings. Other legends say that they fall in love with humans. The mermaid is described with the upper body of a beautiful woman and the lower body of a...

Mokele-mbembe
2014-01-22 09:23:01

Mokele-mbembe is a legendary creature said to inhabit the Congo river Basin, mainly in Lake Tele. It likes the deep water and according to folklore, it haunts river bends. Its name means “one who stops the flow of rivers”, and depending on the story, it has been described as a live creature or a spirit. According to some, it has been portrayed as a sauropod, similar to the well known...

Qilin
2014-01-20 09:42:33

The Qilin is a mythical creature known throughout some Eastern Asian cultures. They are thought to be a good omen and bring prosperity. They are said to appear when a with the arrival or passing of a sage or ruler. They are also sometimes called a Chinese Unicorn. The fifth century BC is when the Qilin was first mentioned. One was supposedly captured in 122 BC, but with skepticism. The...

Sirrush Mushussu
2013-10-07 08:04:52

The Sirrush, also known as the mushussu, is a hybrid from Babylonian mythology. Dating back to the sixth century BC it is depicted on the Ishtar Gate of the City of Babylon. A German archeologist Robert Koldewey discovered the Gate in 1902 and thought the sirrush was a representation of a real animal. The sirrush is displayed on the gate alongside other animals like a lion and a rimi (an...

Pope Lick Monster
2013-10-07 07:55:52

The Pope Lick monster is a creature of urban legend that lives beneath the Norfolk Southern Railway trestle that spans over Floyd’s Creek in the Fisherville area of Louisville, Kentucky. It is described as a human-goat hybrid (faun or satyr) with powerful fur-covered goat legs and a deformed human body. Its face has wide-set eyes and a curved nose with short, sharp horns protruding from...

Hellhound
2013-10-07 06:39:39

A hellhound is a supernatural canine that is found in folklore and mythology in almost every culture around the world. It is said that some guard the entrances of the dead like grave yards and burial grounds and are often associated with the afterlife. It is also thought that if you see a hellhound or hear it howl, it is an omen of death. Some are claimed to hunt souls or guard supernatural...

Primatology
2013-10-02 13:00:50

Primatology is the study of primates that focuses on their behaviors and possible evolution. Those who practice this science, known as primatologists, focus on primates in the wild and in laboratory settings. There are many different sub-divisions of primatology that differ based on methodology and theory, but the two major branches are Western primatology and Japanese primatology. There share...